Sussex, New Brunswick

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sussex
Town
Downtown Sussex
Downtown Sussex
Official seal of Sussex
Seal
Nickname(s): Cow Town, Dairy Town
Motto: Gateway to the Fundy Experience
Sussex is located in New Brunswick
Sussex
Sussex
Coordinates: 45°43′25″N 65°30′39″W / 45.72364°N 65.51083°W / 45.72364; -65.51083
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
County Kings County
Parish Sussex Parish
Incorporated January 1903
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Mayor Marc Thorne
 • Deputy Mayor Ralph Carr
 • Councillors Bridget Ryan
Jane Boyle
Tim Wilson
Jamie Hutchings
Mark Wright
Deborah Armitage
Area
 • Total 9.03 km2 (3.49 sq mi)
Elevation 18 to 124 m (59 to 406.8 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 4,312
 • Density 477.4/km2 (1,236/sq mi)
Time zone Atlantic (AST) (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST)

ADT

-3 (UTC)
Canadian Postal code E4E
Area code(s) 506
Telephone Exchange 432, 433, 434, 435, 512, 944
NTS Map 021H12
GNBC Code DASFF
Website http://www.sussex.ca

Sussex (2011 population: 4,312)[2] is a Canadian town in Kings County, New Brunswick.

Sussex straddles the Kennebecasis River, 70 km (43 mi) northeast of Saint John, and is a major dairy products producer in the province. It is home to Atlantic Canada's largest hot air balloon festival.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1901 1,398 —    
1911 1,906 +36.3%
1921 2,198 +15.3%
1931 2,252 +2.5%
1941 3,027 +34.4%
1951 3,224 +6.5%
1961 3,457 +7.2%
1981 3,972 +14.9%
1986 4,114 +3.6%
1991 4,132 +0.4%
1996 4,293 +3.9%
2001 4,182 −2.6%
2006 4,241 +1.4%
2011 4,312 +1.7%

In 1857 the European and North American Railway was opened, connecting the farming communities of the Kennebecasis River valley with Saint John and Moncton. Sussex was incorporated in 1895 but was only officially established as a town on April 30, 1904. The settlers were for the most part British Loyalists who had fled the American Revolution in 1776, with many Irish refugees of the potato famine from the mid-19th century settling in the nearby farming communities.

In 1885, the Sussex Military Camp was established on the eastern edge of the town. The facility was closed following the Second World War and the town purchased the land to expand the municipal boundaries. Today the agricultural exhibition and some areas remain as open land on the former site of Camp Sussex.

Sussex underwent several changes in the post-war period. In the early 1960s, several local roads were upgraded as part of the Trans-Canada Highway project which saw Route 2 pass immediately north of the town between Fredericton and Moncton. At the same time, a series of local roads in the Kennebecasis River valley were designated as Route 1, running from an interchange with the Trans-Canada at Sussex, southwest to Saint John.

The creation of Sussex as a highway interchange in this post-war period led to some transportation planners in New Brunswick calling for the consolidation or closure of the Fredericton, Saint John, and Moncton airports to be replaced by a single airport located in Sussex to serve all three population centres of southern New Brunswick; this being in the late 1950s/early 1960s before these facilities underwent considerable expansion. Sussex is still considered the best strategically located town, being in the center of what has been called New Brunswick's "Golden Triangle".

Potash was subsequently discovered in large quantities in the area surrounding Sussex, with the deposit being the second largest in the world after an area in Saskatchewan. Two mines were built near the town, one at Penobsquis, 8 km (5.0 mi) to the east, and another at Cassidy Lake (no longer operational), 10 km (6.2 mi) to the southwest. CN Rail built track to serve both mines, which employed hundreds from the surrounding area. Since 2003, natural gas has been produced from the McCully field near Sussex.[3] PotashCorp New Brunswick has a new $1.67-billion mine near Sussex, which will more than double production from the existing mine once it is fully operational by 2015.

The former CN rail station in Sussex now houses the 8th Canadian Hussars Museum

Sussex also began to see a growing tourism trade, with many flocking to see the collection of wood-constructed covered bridges throughout the central area of Kings County. As the heart of Kings County with its 16 covered bridges, Sussex is also known as the Covered Bridge Capital of Atlantic Canada. Eight of these wonderful wooden structures are within a ten-minute drive of town hall. In addition, an agricultural fair draws visitors each August (marking 113 years in 2008), as well as the establishment of southern New Brunswick's only alpine ski hill in the Caledonia Mountains southeast of the town at Poley Mountain. Twenty-six murals were created during the summers of 2006 and 2007, establishing its reputation as the Mural Capital of Atlantic Canada. There is also a very popular international hot air balloon festival in Sussex held every September, and Canada's largest outdoor flea market each August.

The town entered economic difficulty during the late 1990s after the Cassidy Lake potash mine flooded, resulting in hundreds of lay-offs. Another significant blow came in October 2002 with a realignment of the Trans-Canada Highway (Route 2) between Fredericton and Moncton which no longer passed through Sussex, instead carrying the province's east-west interprovincial traffic 30 km (19 mi) north of the town depleting Winston Bronnums' Animaland bearing an insignia New Brunswick landmark Blowhard the Broken Down Race Horse [4] sculptured in 1966. At the same time, Route 1 was extended east on the old Trans-Canada alignment to an interchange at River Glade near Petitcodiac and Route 10 was extended on the old Trans-Canada from an interchange with the new Route 2 alignment at Young's Cove Road south to Sussex.

Today, Sussex is primarily a regional service centre for the surrounding agricultural communities of the upper Kennebecasis River valley, as well as a highway service centre on Route 1, the primary highway between Moncton and Saint John, as well as being the most heavily travelled route in the Maritimes to the United States. Sussex is also home to Kingswood University (formerly Bethany Bible College), the only college in Canada owned by the Wesleyan Church.

The town is home to Sussex Golden Ginger Ale, a popular maritime beverage. At one point, Sussex claimed to be the birthplace of the ice cream cone, though the Kings County Record recently proved this claim to be false.[citation needed] Sussex titles itself as the Dairy Capital of New Brunswick.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II visited the town as part of her Golden Jubilee tour of Canada. On October 12, 2002, she attended the opening of a new wing of Sussex Elementary School, unveiling a commemorative plaque at the event. She then visited Princess Louise Park for an agricultural exhibition. While there, it was announced that the community hall would be renamed Jubilee Hall in her honour. Both appearances drew thousands of visitors from Sussex and beyond.[5]

Shale Gas[edit]

An investigation by the Department of Natural Resources found Windsor Energy's contractor conducted "geophysical testing involving the use of truck-mounted vibration equipment" inside Sussex town limits without council's permission on Oct. 17 (2011).

Under regulation 86-191 of the Oil and Natural Gas Act, a municipality's written permission is required before geophysical activity can be conducted inside the boundaries of an incorporated municipality.

The contractor, Seismotion, originally asked for town approval to do tests within the community, and councilors arranged a special meeting in October, just ahead of the company's scheduled arrival.

But when Seismotion crews arrived in Sussex two days ahead of schedule, the company decided not to wait for town consent.

Media[edit]

Atlantic International Balloon Fiesta[edit]

Hot air balloon in Sussex valley.

The largest hot air balloon festival in Atlantic Canada is held each summer in Sussex. On the weekend after Labour Day, Sussex hosts up to 35,000 visitors who come to watch 40 hot air balloons. Along with the twice-daily flights, there is something for everyone at the festival, including a giant craft fair, a free outdoor concert and an amusement park. the festival has been held since 1985. [6]

Demography[edit]

Most people in Sussex have some Scottish, French, English, or Irish ancestry. There are smaller groups of German and Dutch lineage, and very few Mi'kmaq, East Europeans, Asians, and African-Canadians. The town is almost universally anglophone, being in the heart of English-speaking southern New Brunswick.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sussex, New Brunswick
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2
(28)
−2
(28)
2
(35)
9
(48)
16
(60)
21
(69)
24
(75)
24
(75)
19
(66)
13
(55)
6
(42)
0
(32)
10.8
(51.1)
Average low °C (°F) −13
(8)
−13
(8)
−7
(19)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
8
(46)
12
(53)
11
(51)
7
(44)
2
(35)
−2
(28)
−10
(14)
−0.2
(31.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 99
(3.9)
86
(3.4)
86
(3.4)
76
(3.0)
74
(2.9)
76
(3.0)
81
(3.2)
79
(3.1)
86
(3.4)
94
(3.7)
102
(4.0)
97
(3.8)
1,026
(40.4)
Source: Weatherbase [7]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°43′N 65°31′W / 45.717°N 65.517°W / 45.717; -65.517 (Sussex)