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Hound Group is the name of a breed group of dogs, used by kennel clubs to classify a defined collection of dog breeds, and does not necessarily include all hound-type dogs. Most major English-language kennel clubs include a Hound Group (including The Kennel Club (UK), the American Kennel Club, the Canadian Kennel Club, the Australian National Kennel Council, the United Kennel Club, the Professional Kennel Club, the American Coon Hunters Association, and the New Zealand Kennel Club) although different kennel clubs may not include the same breeds in their Hound Group. The international kennel club association, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, does not have a Hound Group, and includes most hound-type dogs in Group 6, Scenthounds and related Breeds, and Group 10, Sighthounds.
Most hound type dogs share the common ancestral trait of being used for hunting. Some use acute scenting powers to follow a trail. Others demonstrate a gift of stamina as they relentlessly run down quarry. Beyond this, however, generalizations about hounds are hard to come by, since the type encompasses quite a diverse lot. There are Pharaoh Hounds, Norwegian Elkhounds, Afghans and Beagles, among others. Some hounds share the distinct ability to produce a unique sound known as baying.
Hounds were bred for hunting purposes and for coursing games. They can be easily categorized into two types one is scent hounds, which trail their prey with the help of their exceptional sense of smell that assist them to follow a trail. This is combined with a phenomenal stamina that helps them to chase the prey for countless hours.
The other kind of hound is the sight hound; this hound has been especially developed to chase their prey with their sight. Most of them have an angle of more than 250 degree sight when it comes to chasing a prey.
Hound Group breeds
Abbreviations used in this section are:
- AKC: American Kennel Club
- ACHA: American Coon Hunters Association
- ANKC: Australian National Kennel Council
- CKC: Canadian Kennel Club
- KC: The Kennel Club (UK)
- NZKC: New Zealand Kennel Club
- PKC: Professional Kennel Club
- UKC: United Kennel Club
- ACA: American Canine Association
Dogs listed in the Hound Group of various kennel clubs. Differences between kennel clubs are noted in parentheses.
|Afghan Hound||American English Coonhound||American Foxhound (recognised only by the AKC, CKC and UKC)|
|Australian Dingo (recognised only by the ANKC)||Azawakh (recognised by the KC & ANKC)||Basenji|
|Basset Bleu de Gascogne (recognised only by the KC)||Basset Fauve de Bretagne (recognised only by the ANKC, KC and NZKC)||Basset Hound|
|Bavarian Mountain Hound (recognised only by the KC)||Beagle||Black and Tan Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, CKC, PKC and UKC)|
|Bloodhound||Bluetick Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, ANKC, NZKC, PKC, and UKC)||Borzoi|
|Cirneco dell'Etna (recognised only by the KC)||Dachshund||Drever (recognised only by the CKC)|
|English foxhound||Finnish Spitz (AKC Non-sporting Group)||Grand Basset Griffon Vendéen (recognised only by the KC)|
|Grand Bleu de Gascogne (recognised only by the KC)||Greyhound||Hamiltonstövare (not recognised by the AKC and CKC)|
|Harrier (not recognised by the KC)||Ibizan Hound||Irish Wolfhound|
|Norrbottenspets (recognised only by the CKC)||Norwegian Elkhound||Norwegian Lundehund (recognised only by the AKC, KC and CKC)|
|Otterhound||Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen||Pharaoh Hound|
|Plott Hound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC)||Portuguese Podengo (small) (recognised only by the AKC, ANKC & KC)||Redbone Coonhound (recognized by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC)|
|Rhodesian Ridgeback||Saluki||Scottish Deerhound|
|Segugio Italiano (recognised only by the KC)||Sloughi (recognised by the KC, NZKC and ANKC; not recognised by the AKC or CKC)||Treeing Walker Coonhound (recognised only by the AKC, ACHA, PKC, and UKC)|
"Hound Group" may also be a term used by minor kennel clubs, breed clubs, sporting clubs, and internet-based dog businesses. Each may or may not define the term separately. In addition, there are many new or rare breeds that are not yet recognized by any major registry that may eventually be listed in the "Hound Group" of a major kennel club.