|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
History of the Hur Movement
During the British rule, Pir Pagaro declared his community "Hur" (free from British slavery). The British tried to crush the uprising and that started an armed resistance by Hurs. Ultimately the British passed the Hur Act, where the entire Hur community was declared criminals and were ordered to be shot to death on sight. The Hurs were not above committing occasional terrorist acts, such as causing the derailment of the Lahore Mail train in 1942, which resulted in the death of 22 people, none of whom was British. 
The Hurs cannot be said to have been defeated as they continued their struggle even after the hanging of the Pir Sahib, right up to the time of the independence of Pakistan, Pakistan having acquired the status of an independent country. Pir Pagaro Sayyed Sibghatullah Shah II was hanged on March 20, 1943 and the British left Pakistan four years later on 14 August 1947. Long after the end of British rule, Pir Pagaro's two sons, who were in British custody in England, were released and came back to lead their community. Sindh was a province in the newly independent Pakistan. The sons of Sibghatullah Shah II Shaheed were brought to Pakistan in December 1951 after long negotiations. The elder son, Pir Sikandar Shah, Shah Mardan Shah, became the new Pir in February 1952. Shah Mardan Shah II died on 10 January 2012 in london due to Pnuemunia. On 12 January 2012,Syed Sibghatullah Shah Rashdi III , commonly known as Raja Saein, was elected as the 8th Pir Pagara at a meeting of the Caliphs of Hur Community.
Hurs in the 1965 War
During the 1965 war between India and Pakistan, about 65,000 Hurs served in various fronts especially that of Sindh. The Southern desert sector was a mere sideshow to the major battles fought in the Punjab and in Kashmir. However the Indians had placed two divisions in the desert with the aim of tying down Pakistani troops.
Facing a shortage of troops and unable to divert any substantial forces from the Punjab and Kashmir sectors (where the main Indian thrust has come), the commander of the Pakistan Rangers, Brigadier Khuda Dad Khan, turned to local help. Hurs volunteered in droves. Given only basic training and light weapons, the Hurs nevertheless gave a fine account of themselves in the conflict. Fighting alongside Rangers and regular army units (known collectively as the Desert Force), the Hurs used their knowledge of the desert to good effect and helped to blunt the Indian offensive. But perhaps their most famous (and militarily important) action was the capture of the Indian fort of Kishangarh, a feature located several kilometers inside India.
List of Pir Pagars
- Syed Muhammad Rashid Shah
- Syed Sibghatullah Shah I
- Syed Ali Gohar Shah
- Syed Hizbullah Shah
- Syed Shah Mardan Shah I
- Sibghatullah Shah Rashidi II
- Shah Mardan Shah II
- Syed Sibghatullah Shah Rashdi III
- History of Indo-Pak War of 1965. Lt Gen Mahmud Ahmed (ret). ISBN 969-8693-01-7
|Sufism and Tariqa|