Illichivsk

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"Ilyichevsk" redirects here. For the city and provincial capital in Azerbaijan, see Şərur.
Illichivsk
Іллічі́вськ
Port of Illichivsk
Port of Illichivsk
Flag of Illichivsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Illichivsk
Coat of arms
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Odessa Oblast
City Illichivsk
Area
 • Total 25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 29 m (95 ft)
Population (January 01, 2011)[1]
 • Total 59,229
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 68000—68090
Area code(s) +380 4868
Website www.ilyichevsk-rada.gov.ua

Illichivsk (Ukrainian: Іллічі́вськ, translit. Illichivs’k, Russian: Ильичёвск, Ilyichyovsk) is a city in the Odessa Oblast (province) of south-western Ukraine, dependent on the Port of Illichivsk. The city is located around the Sukhyi Estuary, at around 46°19′50″N 30°38′25″E / 46.33056°N 30.64028°E / 46.33056; 30.64028Coordinates: 46°19′50″N 30°38′25″E / 46.33056°N 30.64028°E / 46.33056; 30.64028.

Illichivsk is a major Ukrainian port.

Geography[edit]

Illichivsk is situated on the coast of the Black Sea, just 12 miles (20 km) west from Odessa.

Administrative status[edit]

Illichivsk is a city of oblast subordination within the Odessa Oblast.

History[edit]

The lighthouse in Illichivsk
Odessa Oblast, Ukraine

Illichivsk as a city was built in 1952 around the port, incorporating surrounding small settlements (dating back to 18th century). Named after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, the city was designed to become a new home for the Black Sea Shipping Company (then the largest passenger and commercial vessel operator in the world which declared bankruptcy in early 1990s). Originally a builder's trailer village, Illichivsk has expanded to become Ukraine's most prosperous town (by income per capita). Residents are mostly employed by the port (one of the largest ports of Europe) and the maritime industry. Residents of Odessa have recently begun relocating to lower-cost but higher-income Illichivsk.

Economy[edit]

Train Ferry Service to Bulgaria[edit]

Illichivsk was connected by freight train ferry line (426 km) to Varna in Bulgaria in 1978. Four train ferries two Soviet and two Bulgarian ones, named "Hero of Odessa", "Hero of Sevastopol" and "Hero of Schipka", "Hero of Pleven" which could take in three decks a total of 108 two bogie (four axle) Soviet freight cars. In the first ten-year period (1978 - 1988), these train ferries had transported 1.000.000 freight cars between Illichivsk and Varna. This train ferry service took 17 hours in both directions. The Bulgarians built gauge changing apparatus at Varna which made it possible to change bogies of 24 freight cars in one hour thirty minutes.

Industries[edit]

Illichivsk local economy is largely oriented to the sea. The biggest employer is a State Enterprise: "Illichivsk Maritime Trade Port". The headquarters and manufacturing facilities of "Antarctica" (Ukraine's largest fishing company) are also located in Illichivsk. Other major maritime shipping companies have also chosen to open their offices in Illichivsk. The city's healthy economy continues to attract new businesses and residents.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Illichivsk is twinned with:

References[edit]