Bolhrad

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Bolhrad
Болград
City
Transfiguration Cathedral
Transfiguration Cathedral
Coat of arms of Bolhrad
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 45°40′2″N 28°36′46″E / 45.66722°N 28.61278°E / 45.66722; 28.61278Coordinates: 45°40′2″N 28°36′46″E / 45.66722°N 28.61278°E / 45.66722; 28.61278
Country Ukraine
Oblast Odessa Oblast
Raion Bolhrad Raion
Founded 1821
Area
 • Total 94 km2 (36 sq mi)
Elevation 75 m (246 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,479
 • Density 164.6/km2 (426/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postcode district(s) 68700—706
Area code(s) +380-4846

Bolhrad (Ukrainian: Болград Bolhrad; Bulgarian and Russian: Болград Bolgrad; Romanian: Bolgrad), sometimes known as Bolgrad, is a small city in Odessa Oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Bolhrad Raion (district).

Bolhrad's population was estimated at 15,479 in 2011.

History[edit]

Bolhrad was founded in 1821 by Bulgarian settlers under the direction of General Ivan Inzov who is "revered" by Bolhrad residents as the "Founder of Our City."[1] Bolhrad formed part of Moldavia from 1856 to 1859, Romania from 1859 to 1878, 1918 to 1940, and from 1941 to 1944 before being included in the territory of the Ukrainian SSR and later independent Ukraine.

Demographics[edit]

The surrounding Bolhradsky district is predominantly populated by ethnic Bulgarians (a majority of 61%). Bolhrad itself is inhabited by a large number of Bessarabian Bulgarians and is considered by locals to be the unofficial capital of the Bessarabian historic district of Budjak.

Economy[edit]

As of 1920, Bolhrad had a coal industry.[2]

Education[edit]

The Georgi Sava Rakovski Bolhrad High School founded in 1858 is the oldest high school of the Bulgarian National Revival.[3][4]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Куемжи, Мария, Болградский Историко-Этнографический Музей (Bolhrad, Odes'ka Oblast, Ukraine; Фонд им. И.Н. Инзова, 2007)
  2. ^ Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 27. 
  3. ^ Манолова, Надя; Красимира Табакова (2008). "150 години Болградска гимназия" (in Bulgarian). Държавна агенция за българите в чужбина. Retrieved 2009-10-19. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Болградска гимназия „Свети свети Кирил и Методий“". Българска енциклопедия А-Я (in Bulgarian). БАН, Труд, Сирма. 2002. ISBN 954-8104-08-3. OCLC 163361648. 

External links[edit]