Ingham, Queensland

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Ingham
Queensland
Ingham clock.jpg
Clock at Rotary park
Ingham is located in Queensland
Ingham
Ingham
Coordinates 18°39′0″S 146°10′0″E / 18.65000°S 146.16667°E / -18.65000; 146.16667Coordinates: 18°39′0″S 146°10′0″E / 18.65000°S 146.16667°E / -18.65000; 146.16667
Population 4,706 (2011)[1]
Established 1864
Postcode(s) 4850
Elevation 11.8 m (39 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Hinchinbrook
State electorate(s) Hinchinbrook
Federal Division(s) Kennedy
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
29.1 °C
84 °F
18.8 °C
66 °F
2,046.5 mm
80.6 in

Ingham is a town in the Great Green Way region of North Queensland, Australia. The town was founded in 1864, gazetted a shire in 1879, and is the service centre for many sugarcane plantations, pioneered in the 1870s by William Ingham, for whom the town is named. It is the administrative centre for the Shire of Hinchinbrook. At the 2011 Australian Census the town recorded a population of 4,706.[1]

Geography[edit]

Ingham is approximately 110 kilometres (68 mi) north of Townsville and 1,437 kilometres (893 mi) north of the state capital, Brisbane. The town is positioned about 17 km inland within the Herbert River floodplain where Palm Creek drains the low-lying lands. It is surrounded by sugar cane farms which are serviced by a number of private railways. The North Coast railway line passes through the town.

History[edit]

Lower Herbert Post Office opened on 1 January 1871 and was renamed Ingham in 1882.[2]

Industry[edit]

Ingham is known mainly for sugar cane farming. Victoria Sugar Mill, the largest sugar mill in Australia and one of the largest in the southern hemisphere,[3] owned by Wilmar Sugar Australia Limited, is located close to the town. Much of the cane is transported to the mills by light tramlines.[4]

Other industries in the Ingham area include cattle, farming, fishing, timber and tourism.

Attractions[edit]

The town is home to the regional art gallery called TYTO Regional Art Gallery. In the same precinct is the Hinchinbrook Shire Library. Wallaman Falls are about 40 km to the west of the town. Hinchinbrook Island is about 20 km north of Ingham.

CSR no longer owns the Sugar Mills in Ingham because they sold them to Sucrogen, an offshore based company.

Australian-Italian Festival[edit]

The Australian-Italian Festival is held in Ingham in May each year and is one of the most popular events in the region, with thousands of people attending the event. The festival celebrates Ingham's cultural background, dating from the 1890s when the first Italian immigrants came to the region. More than half the population of the town are of Italian descent.[5] The town is known as "Little Italy".[citation needed]

The annual festival, held at the Ingham Showgrounds, began as an idea from a community workshop.[5] Many Italians visit from Italy to celebrate the event,[citation needed] reinforcing the cultural ties between the inhabitants of Ingham and Italy.

Heritage listings[edit]

Ingham has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

People[edit]

Notable individuals born in Ingham include Tracey Curro (journalist), Walter Mason (author)[9][10], Greg Dowling (rugby league), Sam Backo (rugby league), Laurie Spina (rugby league), Nick Euclid (rugby league), Arthur Fadden (13th Prime Minister of Australia), Francis Patrick Donovan (Ambassador) and Keith Payne (Victoria Cross recipient).

Climate[edit]

Ingham has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am).

Climate data for Ingham
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.3
(90.1)
31.6
(88.9)
30.8
(87.4)
29.0
(84.2)
27.1
(80.8)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
26.1
(79)
28.4
(83.1)
30.5
(86.9)
31.8
(89.2)
32.5
(90.5)
29.2
(84.6)
Average low °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
23.2
(73.8)
22.2
(72)
20.2
(68.4)
17.8
(64)
14.7
(58.5)
13.6
(56.5)
14.3
(57.7)
16.0
(60.8)
18.4
(65.1)
20.7
(69.3)
22.0
(71.6)
18.8
(65.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 388.6
(15.299)
477.6
(18.803)
355.9
(14.012)
201.2
(7.921)
112.5
(4.429)
45.8
(1.803)
34.8
(1.37)
38.8
(1.528)
38.8
(1.528)
47.8
(1.882)
118.4
(4.661)
195.8
(7.709)
2,056
(80.945)
Source: [11]

Cyclone shelter[edit]

Following the devastation caused by cyclone Yasi in Far North Queensland in February 2011, Ingham is one of a number of towns where a cyclone shelter was built. The Ingham cyclone shelter is capable of withstanding winds of more than 300 kilometres (190 mi) per hour, as experienced in a category five cyclone. The building serves as a multi-purpose sports facility for the Ingham State High School while in a cyclone it provides shelter for up to 800 people. The shelter was opened by Premier Campbell Newman in January 2013.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Ingham (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "Historical Towns Directory: Ingham". Heritage Australia Publishing. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  4. ^ The Tramways of the Ingham District Verhoeven, G Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, June, 1971 pp122-131
  5. ^ a b Australian Italian Festival Ingham. Retrieved on 17 May 2012.
  6. ^ "Gairloch Bridge (entry 3944)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  7. ^ "5 Lynch Street (entry 17014)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  8. ^ "Ingham Court House (entry 3847)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-09. 
  9. ^ Mason, Walter (2008), Destination Saigon : adventures in Vietnam, Inspired Living / Allen & Unwin, ISBN 978-1-74175-949-5 
  10. ^ "Tina Arena". Walter Mason. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Climate statistics for Ingham". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  12. ^ "World class cyclone shelter for Ingham". Department of the Premier and Cabinet (Queensland Government). January 16, 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 

External links[edit]