Iowa Writers' Workshop
The Program in Creative Writing, more commonly known as the Iowa Writers' Workshop, at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, Iowa, is a highly regarded graduate-level creative writing program in the United States. Writer Lan Samantha Chang is currently the director of the Workshop.
The program began in 1936, with the gathering of poets and fiction writers under the direction of Wilbur Schramm. Graduates earn a Master of Fine Arts in English; Iowa was the first program in the country to offer this degree.
The program's curriculum requires students to take a small number of classes each semester, including the Graduate Fiction Workshop or Graduate Poetry Workshop itself, and one or two additional literature seminars. The modest curricular requirements are intended to prepare the student for the realities of professional writing, where self-discipline is paramount.
The program centers on the graduate workshop courses, which meet weekly. Before each three-hour class, a small number of students submit material for critical reading by their peers. The class itself consists of a round-table discussion during which the students and the instructor discuss each piece. The specifics of how the class is conducted vary somewhat from teacher to teacher, and between poetry and fiction workshops. The ideal result is not only that authors come away with insights into the strengths and weaknesses of their own work, but that the class as a whole derives some insight, whether general or specific, about the process of writing.
Iowa Writers' Workshop alumni (most recently Paul Harding in 2010) have won seventeen Pulitzer Prizes, as well as numerous National Book Awards and other literary honors. Four recent U.S. Poets Laureate have been either graduates or faculty of the workshop.
In 2003, the workshop received a National Humanities Medal from the National Endowment for the Humanities. It was the first medal awarded to a university, and only the second given to an institution rather than an individual.
Pulitzer Prizes won by graduates and faculty
Faculty and graduates affiliated with the Iowa Writers' Workshop have won twenty-eight Pulitzer Prizes, including sixteen won by graduates since 1947, and graduates and faculty of the University of Iowa have won over forty.
- Robert Penn Warren, 1947 Pulitzer for All the King's Men, former faculty member.
- Wallace Stegner, 1972 Pulitzer for Angle of Repose, MA, 1932; PhD, English, 1935.
- James Alan McPherson, 1977 Pulitzer for Elbow Room, MFA, 1969; current faculty member.
- John Cheever, 1979 Pulitzer for The Stories of John Cheever, former faculty member.
- Jane Smiley, 1992 Pulitzer for A Thousand Acres, MA, 1975; MFA, English, 1976; PhD, English, 1978.
- Philip Roth, 1998 Pulitzer for American Pastoral, former faculty member.
- Michael Cunningham, 1999 Pulitzer for The Hours, MFA, English, 1980.
- Marilynne Robinson, 2005 Pulitzer for Gilead, current faculty member.
- Paul Harding, 2010 Pulitzer for Tinkers, MFA, English, 2000.
- Karl Shapiro, 1945 Pulitzer for V-Letter and Other Poems, former faculty member.
- Robert Lowell, 1947 Pulitzer for Lord Weary's Castle, 1974 Pulitzer for The Dolphin, former faculty member.
- Robert Penn Warren, 1958 Pulitzer for Poems 1954-56, Now and Then, 1980 Pulitzer for Poems 1976-78, former faculty member.
- W.D. Snodgrass, 1960 Pulitzer for Heart's Needle, BA, 1949; MA, 1951; MFA, 1953.
- John Berryman, 1965 Pulitzer for 77 Dream Songs, former faculty member.
- Anthony Hecht, 1968 Pulitzer for The Hard Hours, attended Workshop but did not graduate.
- Donald Justice, 1980 Pulitzer for Selected Poems, alumnus and former faculty member.
- Carolyn Kizer, 1985 Pulitzer for Yin, former faculty member.
- Rita Dove, 1987 Pulitzer for Thomas and Beulah, MFA, 1977.
- Mona Van Duyn, 1991 Pulitzer Prize for Near Changes, MA, English, 1943.
- James Tate, 1992 Pulitzer for Selected Poems, MFA, 1967.
- Louise Glück, 1993 Pulitzer for The Wild Iris, former faculty member.
- Philip Levine, 1995 Pulitzer for The Simple Truth, MFA, 1957; former faculty member.
- Jorie Graham, 1996 Pulitzer for The Dream of the Unified Field, MFA, English, 1978; former faculty member.
- Charles Wright, 1998 Pulitzer for Black Zodiac, MFA, 1963.
- Mark Strand, 1999 Pulitzer for Blizzard of One, MA, 1962; former faculty member.
- Robert Hass, 2008 Pulitzer for Time and Materials, frequent visiting faculty member.
- Philip Schultz, 2008 Pulitzer for Failure, MFA, English, 1971.
Alumni and faculty
- Edward J. Delaney (August, 2007). > "Where Great Writers are Made". The Atlantic.
- Maureen Howard (May 25, 1986). "Can Writing Be Taught in Iowa?". The New York Times.
- About the Workshop, University of Iowa Writer's Workshop.
- Pulitzer Prizes Awarded to UI Faculty Members or Alumni, University of Iowa.
- Tom Grimes (August 15, 2001). The Workshop: Seven Decades of the Iowa Writers Workshop. Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-8672-2.
- Robert Dana (1999). A community of writers. University of Iowa Press. ISBN 978-0-87745-668-1.
- University of Iowa Writers' Workshop Webpage
- Historic photos of the Iowa Writers' Workshop from the UI Archives