Jnanpith Award

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Jnanpith Award
Category Literature (Individual)
Description Literary award
in India
Instituted 1961
First awarded 1965
Last awarded 2013
Total awarded 53
Awarded by Bharatiya Jnanpith
First awardee(s) G. Sankara Kurup
Last awardee(s) Kedarnath Singh

The Jnanpith Award is a literary award in India. Along with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship,[1] it is one of the two most prestigious literary honours in the country.[2] The award was instituted in 1961. Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour. It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the newspaper The Times of India.

The Award[edit]

The name of the award is taken from Sanskrit words jnāna and pīṭha (knowledge-seat). It carries a cheque for INR11 lakh, a citation plaque and a bronze replica of Saraswati, the Indian goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts.[3]

Prior to 1982, the awards were given for a single work by a writer; since then, the award has been given for a lifetime contribution to Indian literature. As of 2014 most Jananpith award winners, ten have been writing in Hindi followed by eight in Kannada, five each in Bengali and Malayalam, four each in Oriya and Urdu and three each in Gujarati, Marathi and Telugu and two each in Assamese and Tamil.

Starting with the Bengali writer Ashapoorna Devi in 1976, seven women writers have won the award so far. The other recipients include Amrita Pritam (1981, Punjabi), Mahadevi Varma (1982, Hindi), Qurratulain Hyder (1989, Urdu), Mahasweta Devi (1996, Bengali), Indira Goswami (2000, Assamese) and Pratibha ray (2011, Oriya).

The award announcements have lately been lagging behind the award-years. The awards for the years 2005 and 2006 were announced on 22 November 2008, and were awarded to the Hindi writer Kunwar Narayan for 2005 and jointly to Konkani writer Ravindra Kelekar and Sanskrit scholar Satya Vrat Shastri for 2006.[4] Satya Vrat Shastri is the first Sanskrit poet to be conferred the award since its inception.[5] The awards for the 45th and 46th Jnanpith for the years 2009 and 2010 respectively, were announced on 20 September 2011.[6] The 45th award was jointly conferred on Hindi littérateurs Amar Kant and Sri Lal Sukla, and the 46th on the Kannada littérateur Chandrashekhara Kambara.[6] The 48th Jnanpith award for the year 2012 was announced on 17 April 2013 and was conferred to Telugu novelist, short-story writer and poet Ravuri Bharadhwaja for his overall contribution to Telugu literature.

Jnanpith Award recipients[edit]

Year Name Works Language Image
1965 G. Sankara Kurup Odakkuzhal (Flute) Malayalam G.shankarakurup.jpg
1966 Tarasankar Bandyopadhyay Ganadevta Bengali
1967 Kuppali Venkatappagowda Puttappa (Kuvempu) Sri Ramayana Darshanam Kannada Kuvempu01.jpg
Umashankar Joshi Nishitha Gujarati
1968 Sumitranandan Pant Chidambara Hindi
1969 Firaq Gorakhpuri Gul-e-Naghma Urdu
1970 Viswanatha Satyanarayana Ramayana Kalpavrukshamu (A resourceful tree:Ramayana) Telugu Viswanatha Satyanarayana.tif
1971 Bishnu Dey Smriti Satta Bhavishyat Bengali  –
1972 Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Urvashi Hindi
1973 Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre Nakutanti (Four Strings) Kannada Bendre.jpg
Gopinath Mohanty Matimatal Oriya
1974 Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar Yayati Marathi
1975 P. V. Akilan Chitttrappavai Tamil AKILAN.jpg
1976 Ashapurna Devi Pratham Pratisruti Bengali  –
1977 K. Shivaram Karanth Mookajjiya Kanasugalu (Mookajjis dreams) Kannada Shivaramakaranth.jpg
1978 Sachchidananda Vatsyayan Kitni Navon Men Kitni Bar (How many times in how many boats?) Hindi  –
1979 Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya Mrityunjay (Immortal) Assamese  –
1980 S. K. Pottekkatt Oru Desathinte Katha (Story of a Land) Malayalam S. K. Pottekkatt.jpg
1981 Amrita Pritam Kagaj te Canvas Punjabi Amrita Pritam (1919 – 2005) , in 1948.jpg
1982 Mahadevi Varma Yama Hindi
1983 Masti Venkatesha Iyengar Chikkaveera Rajendra (Life and struggle of Kodava King Chikkaveera Rajendra) Kannada MastiVenkatesha Iyengar.jpg
1984 Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai Kayar (Coir) Malayalam Thakazhi 1.jpg
1985 Pannalal Patel Maanavi Ni Bhavaai Gujarati  –
1986 Sachidananda Routray Oriya  –
1987 Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar (Kusumagraj) For his contributions to Marathi literature Marathi
1988 C. Narayana Reddy Viswambhara Telugu CNREDDY.JPG
1989 Qurratulain Hyder Akhire Shab Ke Humsafar Urdu Qurratulain Hyder.jpg
1990 V. K. Gokak (Vinayaka Krishna Gokak) Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi Kannada Vkgokak.jpg
1991 Subhas Mukhopadhyay Padatik (The Foot Soldier) Bengali Subhash Mukhopadhyay image.jpg
1992 Naresh Mehta Hindi  –
1993 Sitakant Mahapatra For outstanding contribution to the enrichment of Indian literature, 1973–92 Oriya Sitakant Mahapatra, India poet, born 1937.jpg
1994 U. R. Ananthamurthy For his contributions to Kannada literature Kannada U R Ananthamurthy Z1.JPG
1995 M. T. Vasudevan Nair For his contributions to Malayalam literature Malayalam Mt vasudevan nayar.jpg
1996 Mahasweta Devi Hajar Churashir Maa Bengali  –
1997 Ali Sardar Jafri Urdu  –
1998 Girish Karnad[2] For his contributions to Kannada literature and for contributions to Kannada theatre (Yayati) Kannada Girish Karnad Screening Cornell.JPG
1999 Nirmal Verma Hindi Nirmal Verma (1929 - 2005).jpg
Gurdial Singh Punjabi  –
2000 Indira Goswami Assamese  –
2001 Rajendra Shah Gujarati  –
2002 D. Jayakanthan Tamil ஜெயகாந்தன் (முழு).jpg
2003 Vinda Karandikar For his contributions to Marathi literature Marathi  –
2004 Rehman Rahi[7] Subhuk Soda, Kalami Rahi and Siyah Rode Jaren Manz Kashmiri  –
2005 Kunwar Narayan[4] Hindi  –
2006 Ravindra Kelekar[4] Konkani  –
Satya Vrat Shastri[5][8] Sanskrit
2007 O. N. V. Kurup[9] For his contributions to Malayalam literature Malayalam Onv.JPG
2008 Akhlaq Mohammed Khan 'Shahryar'[9] Urdu  –
2009 Amar Kant[6] Hindi  –
Sri Lal Sukla[6] Hindi  –
2010 Chandrashekhara Kambara[6] For his contributions to Kannada literature Kannada Chandrashekhara Kambara.jpg
2011 Pratibha Ray[10] Yajnaseni Oriya Pratiba Ray 2010.JPG
2012 Ravuri Bharadhwaja[11] Paakudurallu Telugu
2013 Kedarnath Singh[12] Hindi Kedarnath Singh photo.png

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Report from The Hindu, January 2007. Noted writer Manoj Das (in January 2007) "received the country's highest literary honour – Sahitya Akademi Fellowship."
  2. ^ a b Parvathi Menon (1999). "The multi-faceted playwright". Frontline 16 (3). 
  3. ^ "Jnanpith award for Jayakanthan". The Times of India. 20 March 2005. Retrieved 12 November 2007. 
  4. ^ a b c "Kunwar Narayan to be awarded Jnanpith". The Times of India. 24 Nov 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2008. 
  5. ^ a b "Jnanpith Award presented". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 20 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Amar Kant, Shrilal Shukla, Kambar win Jnanpith Award", The Hindu, 20 September 2011.
  7. ^ Ravindra, Kalia (March 9, 2007). "40th Jnanpith Award to Eminent Kashmiri Poet Shri Rahman Rahi" (pdf) (Press release). Bharatiya Jnanpith. Archived from the original on 2009-04-07. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  8. ^ Ravindra, Kalia (November 22, 2008). "41st Jnanpith Award to Eminent Hindi Poet Shri Kunwar Narayan and 42nd Jnanpith Award jointly to Eminent Konkani Poet and Author Shri Ravindra Kelekar and Sanskrit Poet and Scholar Shri Satya Vrat Shastri" (pdf) (Press release). Bharatiya Jnanpith. Archived from the original on 2010-02-15. Retrieved 2013-05-06. 
  9. ^ a b "Malayalam, Urdu writers claim Jnanpith awards". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 25 September 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Oriya novelist and academician Pratibha Ray wins 2011 Jnanpith Award". ibnlive.in.com. 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012. "it was decided that Ray, 69, will be the winner of the 2011 Janapith Award." 
  11. ^ "Ravuri Bharadwaja Gets Gyanpeeth Award". Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Kedarnath Singh chosen for Jnanpith". Retrieved June 21, 2014. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]