Kia Sportage

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Kia Sportage
Kia Sportage 2.0 CRDi AWD Platinum Edition (III, Facelift) – Frontansicht, 4. Mai 2014, Düsseldorf.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Kia
Production 1993–present
Body and chassis
Class

European: J-segment

American: CUV

The Kia Sportage is a compact crossover vehicle built by the South Korean manufacturer Kia since 1993.

First generation (1993–2004)[edit]

First generation (JA)
KIA Sportage.jpg
1994–1998 Kia Sportage crossover (Netherlands)
Overview
Production July 1993–2004
Assembly Hwasung, South Korea (Hwasung Plant)
Osnabrück, Germany (Karmann)
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door convertible car
5-door crossover car
Layout Front-engine, rear-wheel drive
Front-engine, four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine 2.0 L FE I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L FE DOHC I4 (gasoline)
2.0 L RF I4 (diesel)
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual

The first generation Kia Sportage was developed with a Mazda Bongo engineering base platform. It shares many mechanical components such as the engine, transmissions (early versions), and differentials with the Mazda line of vehicles. This was during Kia's alliance with Ford and Mazda, which involved Ford/Mazda providing technology and Kia providing cheap manufacturing facilities for Ford. From 1995 to 1998, the Sportage was built by Karmann in Germany; thus, European buyers received German-built versions between these years, while the rest of the world received South Korean-built versions.

The sportage was sold in either a five-door crossover or a two-door soft-top convertible. Kia initially developed the wagon in standard length form, but in circa 1996, the company released an extended length version. This stretched model—mainly sold in Asian markets under the name "Sportage Grand", but also as the "Grand Wagon"—featured a 305 mm (12.0 in) longer body utilising the same wheelbase, an increase in luggage capacity from 1,570 to 2,220 liters (55.4 to 78.4 cu ft), and the relocation of the spare wheel from the tailgate to underneath the floor.[1]

Kia offered three Mazda-sourced engines in the Sportage, beginning with the 2.0-liter FE DOHC inline-four gasoline unit producing 95 kW (128 hp) and the 2.0-liter RF inline-four diesel rated at 61 kW (82 hp). Diesel-engined models were mostly restricted to European markets, as was the more basic single overhead camshaft (SOHC) version of the 2.0-liter FE gasoline inline-four. Delivering 87 kW (117 hp), this gasoline engine was available from 2000 onwards. In North America, the 2.0-liter FE DOHC engine produced 130 hp (97 kW) and had optional four-wheel drive. The 1998 model year Kia Sportage was the world's first production vehicle to be equipped with a knee airbag.[2]

This first generation model (1993–2002) sold in low numbers even domestically in South Korea, and post-Hyundai takeover models (1997–2002) were recalled twice for rear wheels dismounting while driving. The first generation Sportage was discontinued in South Korea in 2002, and in North America after the 2002 model year. By 2003, most international markets had discontinued the Sportage range, although it did remain on sale in some developing countries until its second generation replacement arrived in 2004.

The Kia Sportage scored the lowest possible result in the Australian ANCAP crashtests – one star out of five. As well as a failure of the seatbelts, the vehicle structure collapsed.[3]

Facelifts
c. 1993–1995
MY 1993–1995 Kia Sportage (Chile)
c. 1998–2001
MY 1998–2001 Kia Sportage (US)
c. 1998–2001
MY 2000–2001 Kia Sportage EX (US)
c. 2001–2004
MY 2002 Kia Sportage convertible (US)

Second generation (2004–2010)[edit]

Second generation (KM)
Kia Sportage (better looking than the new version,in my view) - Flickr - mick - Lumix.jpg
Overview
Production 2004–2010
Assembly Gwangju, South Korea (Gwangju Plant)
Jiangsu, China (Yangcheng Plant)
Žilina, Slovakia (Žilina Plant)
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)[4]
Zaporizhia, Ukraine (AvtoZAZ)[5]
Quito, Ecuador (AYMESA)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door crossover car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Related Hyundai Elantra
Hyundai Matrix
Hyundai Tucson
Hyundai Tiburon
Kia Spectra
Powertrain
Engine 2.0L Beta II I4 petrol
2.7L Delta V6 petrol
2.0L CRDI I4 diesel
Transmission 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 103.5 in (2,629 mm)
Length 171.3 in (4,351 mm)
Width 2005–08: 70.9 in (1,801 mm)
2007–08 4WD (Europe): 1,840 mm (72.4 in)
2007–08 2WD (Europe): 1,800 mm (70.9 in)
Height 66.7 in (1,694 mm)
2007–08 (Europe): 1,730 mm (68.1 in)

After a two-year hiatus, the 2005 Sportage returned, sharing its Elantra-based platform with the 2005 Hyundai Tucson. The Sportage also had a 2.0 L straight-4 Diesel engine available in the United Kingdom. Pricing starts at just over US$16,000. Critics and fans of the original, pre-Hyundai Sportage complain that it is considerably larger than the original Sportage and has none of the earlier offroad capability, the two keys for its success. However, buyers of the second generation model are likely to favor the available 173 hp (129 kW) V6, with 178 lb·ft of torque (241 N·m). The ride is considerably more comfortable, quiet and fun.[citation needed] Overall fit/finish and quality is noticeably improved over the 1st generation model.[citation needed]

2009 Kia Sportage LX (US)

Facelift model of the second generation was introduced in May 2008. Since 2007, it is manufactured at the Žilina Plant in Slovakia. A second facelift was introduced in the UK in early 2009 only a few months after its first facelift.

The Sportage was named as one of the most reliable vehicles from 2009 Consumer Reports reliability survey.[6] The Kia Sportage ranked second in the “20 least expensive 2009 vehicles to insure” list by Insure.com. According to research, the Sportage is one of the least expensive vehicles to insure. Low rates tend to reflect a vehicle’s safety.[7]

Total U.S. sales[edit]

Calendar Year Sales
2005 29,009
2006 37,071
2007 49,393
2008 32,754
2009 42,509

Total Worldwide sales[edit]

Calendar Year Sales
2011 331,033
2012 387,142
2013 428,578

Crash test ratings[edit]

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) displays a 2008 Sportage as an example of a weak roof

The second-generation Kia Sportage earned a top rating of five stars in crash tests by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. However, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety judged it merely Acceptable for frontal and side-impact crash performance, and Poor for the strength of its roof in a rollover.[8]

Third generation (2010–present)[edit]

Third generation (SL)
2010-2011 Kia Sportage (SL) Si wagon (2011-08-17) 01.jpg
Overview
Also called Kia Sportage R (South Korea & China)
Production 2010–present
Assembly Gwangju, South Korea (Gwangju Plant)
Žilina, Slovakia (Žilina Plant)
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)
Jakarta, Indonesia[citation needed]
Designer Peter Schreyer
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door crossover wagon
Related Hyundai Tucson
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L I4 GDI petrol
2.0 L I4 petrol 164hp
2.0 L I4 GDI (turbo) 260hp
2.4 L I4 petrol 175hp
1.7 L I4 CRDi turbo diesel
2.0 L I4 CRDi turbo diesel
Transmission 6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
5-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,640 mm (103.9 in)
Length 4,445 mm (175.0 in)
Width 1,855 mm (73.0 in)
Height 1,645 mm (64.8 in)

The 2011 Kia Sportage was released in April 2010 to Asian and European markets, followed by North and Central American markets in August. Australian models were released in October 2010.[9] It currently uses a 2.0L CRDi 136 and 184 hp (137 kW) Hyundai R diesel engine. The engine is the same one used in the Hyundai Sonata 2.0T.[10] The 3rd generation recevies a mid-generational refresh for the 2014 model year, with new headlamps, foglamps, etc.

In China, the third generation, called the Sportage R, was released by Dongfeng Yueda Kia in October 2010, and to be built and marketed alongside the previous generation rather than as a replacement of the existing model.[11]

The Sportage won the 2011 Car of the Year (originally "Auto roku 2011 na Slovensku") in Slovakia and "Truck of the Year" nomination of International Car of the Year. The Kia Sportage was top of the JD Power Survey for 2012, it was the only car in the survey to score five stars across all categories, from mechanical reliability to ownership costs and the dealer experience.

Safety[edit]

The 3rd generation Kia Sportage, designed by Peter Schreyer, awarded 'Top Safety Pick' from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) in the United States.[12] Earning the award became tougher in 2010 when IIHS added the rollover crash test, which measures roof strength and is twice as stringent as the federal requirement. To pass this test, a vehicle’s roof must be able to withstand the force of three times the vehicle’s weight (acceptable rating). The federal standard requires a roof to hold 1.5 times the vehicle’s weight.[13]

Awards[edit]

In South Africa, the Sportage took the 2013 Standard Bank People's Wheels Award for "SUVs and Crossovers – City & Suburban".[14][15]

Kia Sportage Si, Australia

References[edit]

External links[edit]