Kitsap County, Washington
|Kitsap County, Washington|
Location in the state of Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 16, 1857|
|Named for||Chief Kitsap|
|• Total||566 sq mi (1,466 km2)|
|• Land||395 sq mi (1,023 km2)|
|• Water||171 sq mi (443 km2), 30.2%|
|• Density||634/sq mi (244.7/km²)|
|Time zone||Pacific: UTC-8/-7|
Kitsap County is located in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 251,133. Its county seat is Port Orchard, and its largest city is Bremerton. The county was formed out of King County, Washington, and Jefferson County, Washington on January 16, 1857 and is named for Chief Kitsap of the Suquamish tribe. Originally named Slaughter County, it was soon renamed.
The United States Navy is the largest employer in the county, with installations at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard, Naval Undersea Warfare Center Keyport, and Naval Base Kitsap (which comprises former NSB Bangor, and NS Bremerton).
Kitsap County is connected to the eastern shore of Puget Sound by Washington State Ferries routes, including the Seattle-Bremerton Ferry, Southworth to West Seattle via Vashon Island, Bainbridge Island to Downtown Seattle, and from Kingston to Edmonds, Washington.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Board of County Commissioners
- 6 State Legislators
- 7 Education
- 8 Communities
- 9 Notable people
- 10 In popular culture
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
When the Washington Territory was organized in 1853, the Kitsap Peninsula was divided between King County to the east and Jefferson County to the west. Official public papers were required to be filed at the county seat, which meant Peninsula business people had to travel to either Seattle or Port Townsend to transact business. On the understanding that they would "bring home a new county," area mill operators George Meigs and William Renton supported the candidacies to the Territorial Legislature of two employees from their respective mills: Timothy Duane Hinckley from that of Meigs and S.B. Wilson from Renton's.
Upon arrival in Olympia, the two men introduced bills to create a new county, to be named "Madison". Representative Abernathy from Wahkiakum County proposed an amendment to name it "Slaughter", in recognition of Lt. William Alloway Slaughter, who had been killed in 1855 in the Yakima War. The bill passed as amended. It was signed by Governor Isaac Stevens on January 16, 1857. The county seat would be located in Meigs's mill town at Port Madison.
In Slaughter County's first election on July 13, 1857, voters were given the opportunity to rename the county. The options were "Mill", "Madison" or "Kitsap". Slaughter was not one of the options. Kitsap won by an overwhelming majority.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 566 square miles (1,470 km2), of which 395 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 171 square miles (440 km2) (30.2%) is water. It is the third-smallest county in Washington by total area.
In addition to occupying most of the Kitsap Peninsula, Kitsap County includes both Bainbridge Island and Blake Island. According to Puget Sound Partnership, Kitsap county has over 250 miles (400 km) of saltwater shoreline.
- Island County, Washington - northeast
- Snohomish County, Washington - east
- King County, Washington - east/southeast
- Pierce County, Washington - south/southeast
- Mason County, Washington - southwest
- Jefferson County, Washington - northwest
||Jefferson County||Island County|
|Mason County||Pierce County||King County|
As of the census of 2010, there were 251,133 people, 86,416 households, and 61,355 families residing in the county. The population density was 586 people per square mile (226/km²). There were 92,644 housing units at an average density of 234 per square mile (90/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.27% White, 2.87% Black or African American, 1.62% Native American, 4.39% Asian, 0.78% Pacific Islander, 1.43% from other races, and 4.64% from two or more races. 4.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.6% were of German, 10.4% English, 9.8% Irish, 7.2% United States or American and 7.0% Norwegian ancestry. 92.2% spoke English, 2.5% Spanish and 2.2% Tagalog as their first language.
There were 86,416 households out of which 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,840, and the median income for a family was $53,878. Males had a median income of $39,889 versus $28,586 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,317. About 6.30% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.90% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over.
Prior to the election of 2014, Kitsap County had generally been considered to be a solid Democratic area. In the 2012 U.S. presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 54.21% of the vote to Republican Mitt Romney's 42.58%.
In 2014, a revitalized local Republican Party led by Chris Tibbs, won a historic number of local races including: Ed Wolfe (first republican to be elected County Commissioner since 2004) Tina Robinson (defeated Russ Hauge, a 20 year incumbent democrat, becoming the first republican Prosecuting Attorney in more than 50 years), Phil Cook (elected County Assessor), Greg Sandstrom (re-elected County Coroner). In the State Legislator, Kitsap County has moved decidedly to the right with longtime incumbents being defeated, and the election of freshman republicans Rep. Dan Griffey and Rep. Michelle Caldier.
On mainland Kitsap County, politics are dominated by working-class Bremerton, which casts moderate margins for Democratic candidates. However, population shifts have resulted in Bremerton playing less of a role in politics, and unincorporated Kitsap County is a mix of battleground areas and staunchly Republican areas. Non-Bremerton parts of incorporated mainland Kitsap County vary, with Silverdale having become a Republican stronghold, Poulsbo marginally Democratic, and Port Orchard consistently election Republican candidates over democrats.
Democrats normally carry the Indian reservations of the area by wide margins; the area around Little Boston (part of the S'Klallam Indian Reservation) regularly gives Democratic candidates landslides of 10-to-1. The heavily white Port Madison Indian Reservation (across from Bainbridge Island) also gives Democrats victories of upwards of 3-to-1.
Democratic electoral control of Kitsap County is partly due to Bainbridge Island, which casts a significant number of votes and is almost 4-to-1 Democratic. Bainbridge Island's growth and Democratic trend offsets population losses of Bremerton, generally resulting in the county as a whole being stable but very close.
The Kitsap County Auditor Website has detailed election results from 1998 to the present. County area political trends can be tracked by analyzing the election precinct data.
Board of County Commissioners
Robert Gelder (D) - District #1, North Kitsap
Gelder was appointed to replace Steve Bauer, who resigned in March 2011.
Charlotte Garrido (D) - District #2, South Kitsap
Garrido was re-elected in Nov. 2012, when she defeated Linda Simpson. Commissioner Garrido previously served on the county commission from 1997 to 2000 and again from 2009 to 2012
Ed Wolfe (R) - District #3, Central Kitsap
Wolfe became the first elected Republican county commissioner since Jan Angel was elected South Kitsap Commissioner in 2004. Wolfe replaced Linda Streissguth (D) who had been appointed in January 2014 to replace Josh Brown (D). Prior to his election, he was a well-known local attorney with years of successful litigation and business law experience. Commissioner Wolfe served with the U.S. State Department during the Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush administrations as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and Fisheries Affairs with the rank of Ambassador.
23rd Legislative District
- Sen. Christine Rolfes (D) - Elected Nov 2012.
- Rep. Sherry Appletion (D) - First elected Nov. 2004
- Rep. Drew Hansen (D) - Appointed Sept. 2011 to replace Christine Rolfes who had been appointed to the Senate. First elected in Nov. 2012
26th Legislative District
35th Legislative District
- Sen. Tim Sheldon (D)* (Member of the Bi-Partisan Majority Coalition Caucus)
- Rep. Dan Griffey (R)
- Rep. Drew C. MacEwen (R)
- Bainbridge Island School District
- Bremerton School District
- Central Kitsap School District
- North Kitsap School District
- South Kitsap School District
- Camp Union
- Central Valley
- Horseshoe Lake
- Island Lake
- Lake Holiday
- Little Boston
- Long Lake
- Olalla Valley
- Olympic Valley
- Rocky Point
- South Colby
- South Park Village
- View Park
- Wautauga Beach
- West Park
- Wildcat Lake
- Wye Lake
- Tarn Adams, programmer and game designer, creator of Dwarf Fortress and other games
- Nathan Adrian, Swimmer and Olympic Gold Medalist
- James Kelsey, sculptor
- Debbie Macomber, best-selling romance novelist
- Gregg Olsen, best-selling mystery/crime novelist
- Benji Olson, NFL player for Tennessee
- Delilah Rene, American radio personality, author and songwriter
- Bree Schaaf, Bobsledder and 2010 Winter Olympics competitor
- Marvin Williams, NBA player for the Atlanta Hawks
- Andrew Wood, Lead singer of Seattle rock band, Mother Love Bone
- Ben Shepherd Bass player of Seattle rock band, Soundgarden
In popular culture
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Bowen et al. (1981), p. 11.
- Bowen et al. (1981), p. 12.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "General Election Official Final". Kitsap County Auditor.
- "County Swings Right".
- Kitsap's ‘New' Electeds Sworn In Amid Familiar Surroundings - Story
- Streissguth picked for vacant Kitsap County commissioner post - Story
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions: Washington". Population Census. United States Census Bureau. 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
- Bowen, Evelyn T.; Kvelstad, Rangvald; Parfitt, Elnora; Perry, Fredi; Stott, Virginia (1977). Kitsap County: A History: A Story of Kitsap County and its Pioneers (Second Edition, 1981 ed.). Seattle: Dinner & Klein.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kitsap County, Washington.|
- Kitsap County official website
- Kitsap Peninsula Visitor and Convention Bureau
- Kitsap Economic Development Alliance
- Kitsap Historical Society and Museum
- Kitsap County, Washington at DMOZ