Yakima County, Washington

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Yakima County, Washington
Map of Washington highlighting Yakima County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Founded January 21, 1865
Named for Yakama Nation
Seat Yakima
Largest city Yakima
Area
 • Total 4,311 sq mi (11,165 km2)
 • Land 4,296 sq mi (11,127 km2)
 • Water 16 sq mi (41 km2), 0.4%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 247,044
 • Density 56/sq mi (21.8/km²)
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website www.yakimacounty.us

Yakima County is a county in the State of Washington. As of the 2010 census, its population was 243,231.[1] The county seat and largest city is Yakima.[2] The county was formed out of Ferguson County on January 21, 1865 and is named for Yakama tribe of Native Americans. Ferguson County, no longer in existence, had been created from Walla Walla County on January 23, 1863.[3]

The Yakama Indian Reservation, the 15th largest reservation in America, covers 1,573 mi² (4,074 km²),[4] comprising 36% of the county's total area. Its population was 31,799 in 2000, and its largest city is Toppenish.

Yakima County comprises the Yakima, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Orchards near Selah
Mount Adams, highest point in Yakima County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,311 square miles (11,170 km2), of which 4,296 square miles (11,130 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5] Yakima County is the second-largest county in Washington by area. Yakima County is also widely known for being one of the most difficult places on earth to predict weather, because of the mountains that surround it. The total area covered by the county is larger than the states of Delaware and Rhode Island combined.[6] The highest point in the county is Mount Adams, which is the second tallest peak in Washington and the third tallest in the entire Cascade Range.

Geographic features[edit]

Mountain Goats near the glaciers of Goat Rocks Wilderness

Major rivers[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Major roads[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Wines regions[edit]

Washington ranks second in the United States in the production of wine, behind only California.[7] The Yakima Valley AVA was established in 1983 in the state's oldest agricultural region. It is Washington's third largest officially designated American Viticultural Area (AVA), and is responsible for more than 40% of the state's entire wine production.

Located within the larger Columbia Valley AVA, the Yakima Valley AVA is sub-divided into the three smaller wine regions, each with its own distinctive growing conditions. They are known as Red Mountain AVA, Snipes Mountain AVA, and Rattlesnake Hills AVA.[8] Of the viticultural region's 665,000 acres (269,000 ha), nearly 11,120 acres (4,500 ha) were planted in 2008.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 432
1880 2,811 550.7%
1890 4,429 57.6%
1900 13,462 204.0%
1910 41,709 209.8%
1920 63,710 52.7%
1930 77,402 21.5%
1940 99,019 27.9%
1950 135,723 37.1%
1960 145,112 6.9%
1970 144,971 −0.1%
1980 172,508 19.0%
1990 188,823 9.5%
2000 222,581 17.9%
2010 243,231 9.3%
Est. 2013 247,044 1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 222,581 people, 73,993 households, and 54,606 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 79,174 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.60% White, 0.97% Black or African American, 4.48% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 24.43% from other races, and 3.48% from two or more races. 35.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.2% were of German, 6.4% United States or American, 5.9% English and 5.4% Irish ancestry.

There were 73,993 households out of which 39.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,828, and the median income for a family was $39,746. Males had a median income of $31,620 versus $24,541 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,606. About 14.8% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.2% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ HistoryLink.org: Yakima County – Thumbnail History
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ List of U.S. states and territories by area
  6. ^ a b A. Domine (ed) Wine pg 798-800 Ullmann Publishing 2008 ISBN 978-3-8331-4611-4
  7. ^ J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg -761-762 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Further reading[edit]

  • William Denison Lyman, History of the Yakima Valley, Washington: Comprising Yakima, Kittitas, and Benton Counties. In Two Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1919. Volume 1 | Volume 2

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°28′N 120°44′W / 46.46°N 120.74°W / 46.46; -120.74