|Mission type||Early warning|
|Mission duration||5-7 years (estimate)
2 months (actual)
|Spacecraft type||US-KMO (71Kh6)|
|Launch mass||2,600 kilograms (5,700 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||24 April 2003, 04:23:00UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 81/24|
|End of mission|
|Infrared telescope with 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) aperture |
Kosmos 2397 (Russian: Космос 2397 meaning Cosmos 2397) is a Russian US-KMO missile early warning satellite which was launched in 2003 as part of the Russian Space Forces' Oko programme. The satellite is designed to identify missile launches using infrared telescopes.
Kosmos 2397 was launched from Site 81/24 at Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. A Proton-K carrier rocket with a DM-2 upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 04:23 UTC on 24 April 2003. The launch successfully placed the satellite into geostationary orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 2003-015A. The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 27775.
The satellite developed problems two months after being launched. It started drifting eastwards in June 2003 and had reached 155E by November 2003.
- "US-KMO (71Kh6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2012-04-19.
- "Cosmos 2397". National Space Science Data Centre. 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2012-04-19.
- Pavel, Podvig (2003-11-28). "Problems with Russian military satellites". Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Retrieved 2012-04-19.