|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|• Total||760.27 km2 (293.54 sq mi)|
|Population (31 December 2012)|
|• Density||810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Recklinghausen (German pronunciation: [ʁɛklɪŋˈhaʊzən]) is a Kreis (district) in the middle of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Borken, Coesfeld, Unna, district-free cities Dortmund, Bochum, Herne, Essen, Gelsenkirchen and Bottrop, and the district Wesel.
In medieval times the area around Recklinghausen was the Vest Recklinghausen, a territory which belonged to Electorate of Cologne. From 1446 to 1576 it was rented to the lords of Gemen (now part of the city Borken) and Schaumburg-Lippe. In 1811 it was added to the Grand Duchy of Berg, and in 1815 became part of the Prussian Province of Westphalia.
The district was created in 1816, and after several changes it got its present borders with the last reorganizations of 1975-76.
Coat of arms
|The coat of arms show a silver nettle leaf on green ground - the sign of the Herrlichkeit Lembeck, an Amt in the clerical state of Münster in the Recklinghausen area. The black cross is the sign of the bishops of Cologne who owned a big part of the district's area, the Vest Recklinghausen. The key inside the cross symbolizes St. Peter, the patron of Cologne.|
Media related to Kreis Recklinghausen at Wikimedia Commons