Kyustendil Province

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Coordinates: 42°15′N 23°0′E / 42.250°N 23.000°E / 42.250; 23.000

Kyustendil Province
Област Кюстендил
Province
Location of Kyustendil Province in Bulgaria
Location of Kyustendil Province in Bulgaria
Country Bulgaria
Capital Kyustendil
Municipalities 9
Government
 • Governor Lyubomir Anchev
Area
 • Total 3,084 km2 (1,191 sq mi)
Population (February 2011)
 • Total 136,686
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
License plate KH
Website kn.government.bg
The Rila monastery

Kyustendil Province (Bulgarian: Област Кюстендил, transliterated Oblast Kyustendil) is a province in southwestern Bulgaria, extending over an area of 3084.3 km² (constituting 2.7% of the total territory of the Republic of Bulgaria) with a population of 163,889. It borders on the provinces of Sofia, Pernik and Blagoevgrad; to the west, its limits coincide with the state borders between Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia, and Bulgaria and the Republic of Serbia. The administrative center of the Province is Kyustendil.

Geography[edit]

The region features diverse surface relief — fertile valleys and canyons, separated by hillocks and mountains. The northern and western parts of the territory form the so-called "Kyustendilsko kraishte" (Kyustendil Cornerland) and include parts of the cross-border Milevska, Chudinska, Zemenska and — to the east — Konyavska mountains. To the south, the Kyustendilsko kraishte reaches as far as the valleys of the Dragovishtitsa and Bistritsa rivers, as well as the Lisets mountain. The southern part of the region includes massifs of the Osogovo, Vlahina and northwestern Rila mountains, embracing the Kamenitsa, Kyustendil and Dupnitsa lowerlands.

The region is divided in two under-districts: Kyustendil in west and Dupnitsa in east. In Dupnitsa region there are the geographic areas of Gorno pole (Upper field), Dolno pole (Lower field), and the area Razmetanitsa where the Emperor Samuil of Bulgaria killed his brother Aron and his family.

The region abounds with granites, clays, fossils, and ores. Polymetal ores are excavated in Osogovo; brown coals in the Bobov dol mines. Clays deposits are located at the villages of Chetirtsi, Yahinovo and Dragovishtitsa. The region, however, is most famous for its numerous mineral water springs: hot mineral water springs in Kyustendil, Sapareva banya, the villages of Nevestino and Chetirtsi. A marvel of nature, found in the region are the Stobski piramidi (Stob pyramids).

For the most part, the climate is transcontinental, but at higher altitudes it is mountainous. The main drainage river is Struma whose subsidiaries are the Treklyanska, Dragovishtitsa, Bistritsa, Slokoshtitsa, Novoselska, Dzherman and Rila rivers. Subterranean water levels are relatively high. Near the village of Kamenichka Skakavitsa, the Golemi dol river forms a 70-meter-high waterfall. The Dyakovo, Bersin, Drenov dol and Bagrentsi artificial lakes (dams) are chiefly used for irrigation purposes. Soil composition is most favorable for the traditionally developed fruit-growing.

Forest vegetation is mostly deciduous, although coniferous forests are present. The Gabra natural reservation (area: 89,5 metric hektars) houses the last remaining black-pine trees.

Administration[edit]

The region of Kyustendil includes nine municipalities with 182 settlements. The regional administrative center is the town of Kyustendil situated in its southwestern part: the Kyustendil lowerland. The town serves as the administrative center of the municipality of Kyustendil (with an area of 923 km², this municipality represents 30,2% of the total territory of the Region), with a population of 73 346, of whom 51 300 are residents of the town area. Four main transport routes pass through Kyustendil: from Republic of Macedonia on the Skopie-Sofia high-way; from Serbia on the Niš-Bosilegrad-Kyustendil highway; through Dupnitsa and Kyustendil passes the oldest commercial road that for centuries has linked Constantinople and the Adriatic Sea. Kyustendil has managed to preserve is historical, ecological and cultural heritage. It is a contemporary Bulgarian administrative center, whose future is mostly seen in the development of cultural tourism, and modern rehabilitation resort centers by the hot mineral water springs.

The surrounding region is like an untapped national park. Wander through green lanes past medieval houses and barns and discover stunning landscapes. Plenty of fishing, walking, treking, 4*4 country, hunting, with clear air and a fantastic climate.

Municipalities[edit]

Municipalities in Kyustendil province

The Kyustendil province (област, oblast) contains nine municipalities (singular: oбщина, obshtina, plural: общини, obshtini). The following table shows the names of each municipality in English and Cyrillic, the main town (in bold) or village, and the population as of 2009.

Municipality Cyrillic Pop. Town/Village Pop.
Boboshevo Бобошево 3,016 Boboshevo 1,383
Bobov dol Бобов дол 10,266 Bobov dol 6,664
Dupnitsa Дупница 44,988 Dupnitsa 33,519
Kocherinovo Кочериново 4,506 Kocherinovo 2,190
Kyustendil Кюстендил 60,681 Kyustendil 44,532
Nevestino Невестино 2,738 Nevestino 629
Rila Рила 3,424 Rila 2,937
Sapareva banya Сапарева баня 8,165 Sapareva banya 4,326
Treklyano Трекляно 547 Treklyano 226

Population[edit]

Kyustendil province had a population of 135,664 according to the 2011 census, of which 48.9% were male and 51.1% were female.[1][2][3][4]

The following table represents the change of the population in the province after World War II:

Kyustendil Province
Year 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2007 2009 2011
Population 199,936 193,571 197,096 198,876 190,714 181,347 162,534 152,714 149,187 145,577 136,686
Sources: National Statistical Institute,[1] „Census 2001“,[2] „Census 2011“,[3] „pop-stat.mashke.org“,??

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic groups in Kyustendil Province (2011 census)
Ethnic group Percentage
Bulgarians
  
92.9%
Gypsies
  
6.4%
others and indefinable
  
0.7%

Total population (2011 census): 136 686
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[5] Identified themselves: 130 615 persons:

  • Bulgarians: 121 351 (92,91%)
  • Gypsies: 8 305 (6,36% )
  • Others and indefinable: 959 (0,73%)

Ethnic groups in the province according to 2001 census:[6]

  • Bulgarians: 152,644 (93.9%)
  • Roma (Gypsy): 8 294 (5.1%)
  • Others and indefinable: 1596 (1%)

It should be noted that most of the Gypsies live within the city limits of Kyustendil, the provincial center of Bulgaria with largest concentration of Gypsies, where they are 5,179, constituting 12.2% of the population. Most of the rest are to be found in the second largest city of Dupnitsa, where they are 2,333.

Language[edit]

Mother tongues in the province according to 2001 census:[7]

  • 153,242 Bulgarian (94.3%)
  • 7,929 Roma (Gypsy) (4.9%)
  • 1363 others and unspecified (0.8%)

Religion[edit]

Religions in Kyustendil Province (2001 census)
Religious group Percentage
Orthodox Christian
  
95.1%
Protestant Christian
  
0.6%
Muslim
  
0.1%
Roman Catholic Christian
  
0%
others and indefinable
  
4.1%

Religious adherence in the province according to 2001 census:[8]

Census 2001
religious adherence population  %
Orthodox Christians 154 637 95.1%
Protestants 928 0.6%
Muslims 231 0.1%
Roman Catholics 76 0%
Other 1 013 0.6%
Religion not mentioned 5 649 3.5%
total 162 534 100%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Bulgarian) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - 2011 census
  2. ^ a b (English) „WorldCityPopulation“
  3. ^ a b „pop-stat.mashke.org“
  4. ^ (Bulgarian) Population by 01.02.2011 by Area and Sex from Bulgarian National Statistical Institute: Preliminary results of Census 2011
  5. ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (Bulgarian)
  6. ^ (Bulgarian) Population to 01.03.2001 by District and Ethnic Group from Bulgarian National Statistical Institute: Census 2001
  7. ^ (Bulgarian) Population to 01.03.2001 by District and Mother Tongue from Bulgarian National Statistical Institute: Census 2001
  8. ^ (Bulgarian) Religious adherence in Bulgaria - census 2001