Shumen Province

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Coordinates: 43°15′N 27°0′E / 43.250°N 27.000°E / 43.250; 27.000

Shumen Province
Област Шумен
Province
Location of Shumen Province in Bulgaria
Location of Shumen Province in Bulgaria
Country Bulgaria
Capital Shumen
Municipalities 10
Government
 • Governor Dimitar Alexandrov (2009-)
Area[1]
 • Total 3,389.7 km2 (1,308.8 sq mi)
Population (February 2011)[2]
 • Total 180 528
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
License plate H
Website oblastshumen.icon.bg

Shumen Province (Bulgarian: Област Шумен, transliterated Oblast Shumen, former name Shumen okrug) is a province in northeastern Bulgaria named after its main city Shumen. It is divided into 10 municipalities with a total population, as of December 2009, of 194,090 inhabitants.[2][3][4]

Municipalities within Shumen Province with their administrative centres

The Main City[edit]

The city of Shumen is famous in the region for the Monument to 1300 Years of Bulgaria. The monument is in the cubist style and is 1300 steps (each step representing a year) above the center of the town. Other places of note are the Shumen fortress, Tombul Mosque,and Shumen Plato National park. The center of the town has a historical museum, large library, and large theater. The municipality building, also in the center, has a concert hall that features regular symphony performances. Shumen is also the location of the Shumensko Brewery, a popular beer in Bulgaria. The area surrounding Shumen plays a significant part in Bulgarian History with the first and second capitols of historical Bulgaria within thirty kilometers from the city.

Municipalities[edit]

The Shumen Province contains 10 municipalities (singular: oбщина, obshtina - plural: oбщини, obshtini). The following table shows the names of each municipality in English and Cyrillic, the main town (in bold) or village, and the population of each as of December 2009.

Municipality Cyrillic Pop.[2][3][4] Town/Village Pop.[3][5][6][7][8]
(December 2009)
Venets Венец 6,905 Venets 725
Varbitsa Върбица 10,492 Varbitsa 3,585
Hitrino Хитрино 6,423 Hitrino 715
Kaolinovo Каолиново 12,251 Kaolinovo 1,538
Kaspichan Каспичан 8,871 Kaspichan 3,260
Nikola Kozlevo Никола Козлево 6,381 Nikola Kozlevo 789
Novi Pazar Нови пазар 18,476 Novi Pazar 12,673
Veliki Preslav Велики Преслав 15,292 Veliki Preslav 8,951
Smyadovo Смядово 7,402 Smyadovo 4,036
Shumen Шумен 101,597 Shumen 86,824

Population[edit]

The Shumen province had a population of 204,395 (204,378 also given) according to a 2001 census, of which 48.8% were male and 51.2% were female.[9] As of the end of 2009, the population of the province, announced by the Bulgarian National Statistical Institute, numbered 194,090[2] of which 22.7% are inhabitants aged over 60 years.[10]

The following table represents the change of the population in the province after World War II:

Shumen Province
Year 1946 1956 1965 1975 1985 1992 2001 2005 2007 2009 2011
Population 222,141 224,705 243,416 253,437 254,884 220,320 204,395 198,106 196,559 194,090 180 528
Sources: National Statistical Institute,[2] „Census 2001“,[3] „Census 2011“,[4] „pop-stat.mashke.org“,??

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic groups in Shumen Province (2011 census)
Ethnic group Percentage
Bulgarians
  
59.2%
Turks
  
30.3%
Gypsies
  
8.2%
others and indefinable
  
2.3%

Total population (2011 census): 180 528

Ethnic groups (2011 census):[11] Identified themselves: 167 952 persons:

  • Bulgarians: 99 446 (59,21%)
  • Turks: 50 878 (30,29%)
  • Gypsies: 13 847 (8,24%)
  • Others and indefinable: 3 781 (2,25%)

A further 12 000 persons in Shumen Province did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Ethnic groups according to the 2001 census, when 204 378 people of the population of 204,395 of Shumen Province identified themselves (with percentage of total population):[12]

Religion[edit]

Religions in Shumen Province (2001 census)
Religious group Percentage
Orthodox Christian
  
59.1%
Muslim
  
35.5%
Protestant Christian
  
0.7%
Roman Catholic Christian
  
0.2%
others and indefinable
  
4.5%

Religious adherence in the province according to 2001 census:[13]

Census 2001
religious adherence population  %
Orthodox Christians 120,787 59.10%
Muslims 72,544 35.50%
Protestants 1,472 0.72%
Roman Catholics 386 0.19%
Other 821 0.40%
Religion not mentioned 8,368 4.09%
total 204,378 100%

Transportation[edit]

Shumen lies on the main route between Varna and Sofia and is served by numerous trains and buses serving the city.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (English) Bulgarian Provinces area and population 1999 — National Center for Regional Development — page 90-91
  2. ^ a b c d e (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian provinces and municipalities in 2009
  3. ^ a b c d (English) „WorldCityPopulation“
  4. ^ a b c „pop-stat.mashke.org“
  5. ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian towns in 2009
  6. ^ „pop-stat.mashke.org“
  7. ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian villages under 1000 inhabitants - December 2009
  8. ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Bulgarian Settlements 1000-5000 inhabitants - December 2009
  9. ^ (Bulgarian) Population to 01.03.2001 by Area and Sex from Bulgarian National Statistical Institute: Census 2001
  10. ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Population by age in 2009
  11. ^ Population by province, municipality, settlement and ethnic identification, by 01.02.2011; Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (Bulgarian)
  12. ^ (Bulgarian) Population to 01.03.2001 by District and Ethnic Group from Bulgarian National Statistical Institute: Census 2001
  13. ^ (Bulgarian) Religious adherence in Bulgaria - census 2001

External links[edit]