Figueres-Vilafant: first TGV arrival from Paris,
|Termini||Gare de Perpignan
Barcelona Sants railway station
|Rolling stock||SNCF TGV Duplex
AVE Class 100 (from 2014)
RENFE Class 252 (freight services)
|Line length||44.4 km (27.6 mi)|
|No. of tracks||Double track|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||25 kV 50 Hz|
The LGV Perpignan–Barcelona is an international high-speed rail line between France and Spain. The line connects two small cities on opposite sides of the border, Perpignan in Roussillon, France, and Figueres in Catalonia, Spain. It consists of a 44.4-kilometre (27.6 mi) line which crosses the French–Spanish border via the 8.3-kilometre (5.2 mi) Perthus Tunnel bored under the Perthus Pass. It opened on 19 December 2010 with a TGV service from Paris via Perpignan to Figueres–Vilafant. Regular freight traffic started on 21 December 2010.
The construction contract for the line was awarded on 17 February 2004 to the TP Ferro consortium, a joint venture of Eiffage (France) and Dragados (Spain). The group constructed the line for an estimated cost of approximately €1.1 billion, and will operate it for 53 years. It received a public subsidy of €540 million, split between the European Union, France and Spain. Test running started in November 2008, and the international section officially opened on 17 February 2009, but services were delayed until December 2010 because the station at Figueres was not finished.
The track on the new line is standard gauge using 25 kV AC railway electrification at 50 Hz, consistent with the French LGV and Spanish AVE high-speed rail networks. The line is used by both passenger and freight trains, the maximum grade being limited to 1.2%. The design speed is 350 km/h.
Traditional Spanish rail lines are broad gauge based on the Spanish vara 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 21⁄32 in), so rail connections between France and Spain have traditionally involved a break-of-gauge. Passengers and cargo must either change trains, or the trains must pass through gauge-changing installations at the border. The line was the first connection constructed without a break-of-gauge and the first international connection to the standard-gauge Spanish AVE network. France has left-hand traffic and Spain right-hand, so a flyover was built around 10 km north of the border ( ). Another connection to France near the Atlantic coast in the Basque country is planned, and a link via Huesca is under study.
A TGV service from Paris via Perpignan started on 19 December 2010 to a temporary station at Figueres and a connecting service on the classic line on to Barcelona and Madrid. The total journey time from Paris to Barcelona has been reduced by 1h 15m to 7h 25m. Of that, 5h 30m is spent on the Paris to Figueres segment. Initially there was a service of two Paris-Figueres TGVs per day, which connected with two RENFE Alvia trains a day between Barcelona and Figueres via the conventional broad gauge line and a temporary double gauge track. From January 2013 there was a service of nine RENFE AVE trains a day between Figueres and Barcelona with eight services continuing on to Madrid.
RENFE started a standard-gauge freight service on 21 December 2010. As of January 2011 four freight trains a week run over the line from Barcelona, with journey times reduced by 6 hours: one train each way to Lyon, and one each way to Milan.
On 28 November 2013, RENFE and SNCF announced the opening of direct long-distance services from 15 December 2013, with daily trains between Paris - Barcelona, Toulouse - Barcelona, Lyon - Barcelona, Marseille - Madrid.
Lyon to Barcelona is expected to take less than four hours using the classic line in France between Perpignan and Nîmes. A new company jointly owned by RENFE and SNCF is to be formed to run services between Paris and Madrid. Ten new trains are to be purchased at a cost of €300 million.
In May 2010 it was announced that tendering had started for the Nîmes–Montpellier bypass route. This will be the first stage in the link between the Spanish high-speed network and LGV Méditerranée and the line will carry a mix of freight and high-speed trains. A 25-year Public–Private Partnership agreement was signed in June 2012 and the line is expected to opened in December 2017.
Work on the Montpellier-Perpignan section is not expected to start until 2020, following public consultation beginning 2015.
- "Perpignan–Figueras High-speed Rail Line". Structurae. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
- "Perpignan – Figueres link inaugurated". Railway Gazatte International (London). 27 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- "Perpignan–Figueres concession extended". Railway Gazette International (London). 24 November 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
- "La ligne TGV Perpignan–Figueres livrée dans 10 jours, pour rien". La Clau (in French) (Perpignan). 4 February 2008. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
- "Interrogations sur les tarifs du TGV Perpignan–Figueres". La Clau (in French) (Perpignan). 10 October 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
- "Tunnel with no trains". Railway Gazette International (London). 15 April 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2009.
- "Perpignan–Figueres Cross-Border Railway, France". Railway Technology. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
- Fox, Brendan (December 2010). "New timetables in Europe". Modern Railways (London). pp. 74–77.
- "La ligne TGV de Perpignan" (in French). Histoire du Roussillon. 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
- "La gare TGV temporaire de Figueres sera prête en 2010". 26 February 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2009.
- "Le TGV Perpignan–Girona, promis pour fin 2012". La Clau (in French) (Perpignan). 26 March 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- "TGV Tickets to Figueres on sale". Railway Gazette International (London). 24 November 2010.
- "High speed line opens between Barcelona and Figueres". Railway Gazette International. 8 January 2013.
- "Break of gauge no more". Railway Gazette International (London). 18 January 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
- Communiqué de presse Paris - Barcelone
- "A Lyon en AVE a partir de 2012". El País (in Spanish) (Madrid). 24 April 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2009.
- "New Paris to Madrid high-speed service in 2012" (PDF). Railway Herald (205) (Scunthorpe). 14 December 2009. p. 25.
- "Nîmes–Montpellier bids go in". Railway Gazette International (London). 6 May 2010.
- "Nîmes - Montpellier contract signed". Railway Gazette International (London). 29 June 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- "Southern LGV projects make progress". Railway Gazette International (London). 9 February 2011.
- LGV Map on Google Maps
- A photo of the end of the line
- Perpignan–Barcelona in 50 mins
- Entry on Ferrocarriles wiki (Spanish)
- SNCF FAQ on the line[dead link] (French)