Laneast

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Coordinates: 50°37′44″N 4°30′22″W / 50.629°N 4.506°W / 50.629; -4.506

Laneast
Cornish: Lanneyst
Laneast is located in Cornwall
Laneast
Laneast
 Laneast shown within Cornwall
Population 164 (Civil Parish, 2001)
OS grid reference SX228841
Civil parish Laneast
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LAUNCESTON
Postcode district PL15
Dialling code 01566
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
St Sidwell's church.

Laneast (Cornish: Lanneyst)[1] is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It lies above the River Inny valley, about six miles (11 km) west of Launceston.[2] The population in the 2001 census was 164.[3]

Parish church[edit]

The parish church at grid reference SX 227 840 is dedicated to Saint Sidwell and Saint Gulval or to St Michael. The inclusion of St Gulval in the dedication is apparently due to a mistake by Dr. Oliver who understood entries referring to the church of "St Wolvela of Lanestly" as referring to Laneast whereas "Lanestly" is the old name of Gulval. The church and cemetery were dedicated by Edmund Lacy, Bishop of Exeter in 1436; before that time burials were made at the mother church of St Stephen's.[4][5] The land of the parish was divided between the hundreds of Lesnewth and East Wivelshire, the church being in the latter. It was founded and until the Reformation maintained by the Augustinian canons of St Stephen's; thereafter it became a donative served by perpetual curates.[5]

The Norman church was cruciform and additions were made in the 13th and 14th centuries; during the 15th century the south aisle and tower were completed and the church was embellished with fine woodwork and stained glass. Though considerable restoration took place in 1848 much of the late medieval woodwork and glass remains.[5] In a field opposite the church is the holy 'Jordan Well' used for divination, and until comparatively recently, for baptism. The Anglican benefice is united with those of Saint Clederus, St Clether, and Altarnun.[6]

Lidcott Mine[edit]

To the north-east of the parish is Lidcott Mine, a 19th-century opencast manganese mine.[7] It is now a Site of Special Scientific Interest, noted for its geological significance.[8]

Notable residents[edit]

Laneast is the birthplace of John Couch Adams, the mathematician and astronomer who discovered Neptune.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
  3. ^ GENUKI website Retrieved April 2010
  4. ^ In 1436 St Sativola and St Thomas the Martyr are named as patrons of the high altar and St Michael and St Nicholas of the north transept altar. St Michael was possibly the earliest patron.
  5. ^ a b c Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 128-29
  6. ^ Altarnon: St Nonna, Altarnon, Church of England, retrieved 25 September 2011 
  7. ^ Boase, H.S. (1838): Contributions towards a knowledge of the geology of Cornwall; Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 4, 166-474.
  8. ^ "Lidcott Mine". Natural England. 1987. Retrieved 2 November 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Laneast at Wikimedia Commons