St Mabyn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Mabyn
Aerial view of St Mabyn.JPG
Aerial view of St Mabyn
St Mabyn is located in Cornwall
St Mabyn
St Mabyn
 St Mabyn shown within Cornwall
Population 560 (2001)
OS grid reference SX041732
Civil parish St Mabyn
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BODMIN
Postcode district PL30
Dialling code 01208
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°31′34″N 4°45′50″W / 50.526°N 4.764°W / 50.526; -4.764

View of St Mabyn with fields of flowering rape in foreground.

St Mabyn (Cornish: Sen Mabon) is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is situated three miles (5 km) east of Wadebridge.[1] The parish includes a hamlet called Longstone to the east and many small manor houses, including Tregarden, Tredethy, Helligan Barton and Colquite, all built in the 16th and 17th centuries. The area of the parish is 4,101 acres (16.60 km2).

Etymology[edit]

The parish is named after Saint Mabyn or Mabena, traditionally said to have been one of the 24 children of Brychan, a Welsh saint and King of Brycheiniog in the 5th century.[2]Sabine Baring-Gould however suggests that the true founder of St Mabyn's Church was actually the male Welsh saint Mabon, and the attribution to a female Mabyn came about after the true history had been lost.[3] Davies Gilbert asserts that the name derives from the Cornish compound word Mab-in.[4]

Demography[edit]

The population in 2001 was 560 persons, exactly the same as in 1811, having declined from 595 in 1991.[5] Population in 2011 was 646.[6]

In 2013 the proportion of dwellings that were second homes or holiday accommodation was 10.1%[7]

Geography[edit]

The village is centred on the Grade I listed[8] 15th century St Mabyn Parish Church. Village amenities include a well stocked independent village store housing an ATM cashpoint and post office, a public house, a village hall, a primary school, St Mabyn Church of England Primary School, a pre-school, a scout group, a garden club, and a Young Farmers' group. There is a King George's Field in memorial to King George V and a village green.

The village is surrounded by high quality, undulating farmland. The Allen valley to the north west contains a number of Cornish Nature Conservation Sites. Land to the south-east is designated as an open area of local significance. Four trees in the village are subject to preservation orders.[9] The village has no connection to main sewerage and relies on septic tank drainage.

There was post-war development of local authority housing along Chapel Lane and Wadebridge Road. In the 1980s private housing schemes at Mabena Close and Meadow Court were completed and there was further ribbon development growth along Station Road. A residential development Greenwix Parc, comprising thirty five dwellings including 12 affordable units was completed by Midas Homes in 2011.

Economy[edit]

The major economic activity in the parish is agriculture and the parish has several large farms. Most agriculture centres around dairying, with arable crops such as potato and rape and some raising of sheep.

James Mutton of Burlerrow Farm was the first farmer in Cornwall to receive a grant from the England Rural Development Programme this enabled him to process Miscanthus giganteus which is grown in and around the village, the crop is converted into livestock bedding.[10]

Tom Bray produces traditional farmhouse cider at Haywood Farm, where he has propagated 5,000 apple trees.[11]

Parish Church[edit]

The church comprises a chancel and nave with north and south aisles. The arcades each comprise seven four-centred arches of granite, supported on monolith granite pillars with sculptured capitals of St Stephens porcelain stone. There is a south porch, a north door, and priest's door. The tower is 75 feet (23 m) high and has three stages. It has a parapet with pinnacles. The earliest recorded Priest-in-charge was Roger de Warlegan in 1267.[12] Canon David John Elkington is the current Reverend[13]

History[edit]

The earliest signs of habitation are at the Iron Age hill fort of Kelly Rounds or Castle Killibury. Radiocarbon dating gives a date of occupation between 400 and 100 BC.[14]

The parish was part of the ancient hundred of Triggshire. In the Domesday book of 1087 this district was taxed under the jurisdiction of Treu-es-coit (translated as "town of the wood", now called Trevisquite). Trethevey in St Mabyn parish was a manor recorded in the Domesday Book as Tewardevi. Both manors were held by Richard from Robert, Count of Mortain. Trevisquite had land for 12 ploughs, 25 households, a mill, 20 acres of woodland and 50 of pasture; its value was 25 shillings a year. Trethevey had land only for one plough, 3 households and 30 acres of pasture; its value was only 2 shillings though it had formerly been 5 shillings.[15] The St Mabyn Trethevey has the meaning "manorial centre on the river Dewey" (Ty war Duwy) unlike other Cornish places called Trethev(e)y.[16]

The inquisition of the bishops of Lincoln and Winchester in 1294 gave the Cornish benefice "Ecclesia de Maben in decanatu de Trig Minorshire" a rateable value of £8. In Cardinal Thomas Wolsey's inquisition of 1521 it is rated at £36.[17]

Sir Richard Serjeaux of Colquite in St Mabyn became High Sheriff of Cornwall in 1389.[18] Below Colquite House is the ruin of a manor house possibly of the late 15th century which may have been a first-floor hall house.[19][20]

Modern period[edit]

A United Methodist Free Church chapel was built with funding from Richard Hambly Andrew of Tredinnick in 1820 during the incumbency of Leveson-Gower[21] but is now a private house.

St Mabyn's standing stone was broken up for gateposts in 1850 and the stump re-located to the crossroads at Longstone.[22]

The main land owners in 1875, apart from the church, were The Viscount Falmouth, the Trustees of William Molesworth, John Tremayne from Heligan, the heirs of the late John Peter-Hoblyn, Francis John Hext and Mrs. Hooper and Richard Hambly Andrew.[21] There was an annual fair held on 14 February.[23]

In 2012 a parish councillor became the first in Cornwall to be disqualified from holding public office,and was banned for two years for bullying and showing disrespect to members.[24][25]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
  2. ^ Nicholas Orme (2000). The Saints of Cornwall. Oxford University Press. pp. 168–169. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  3. ^ Baring-Gould, Lives of the Saints, p. 276.
  4. ^ Davies Gilbert (2013). "The parochial history of Cornwall, founded on t...". archive.org. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "GENUKI: St Mabyn". genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "parish population 1981-2011 copy »". ourcornwall.org. 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Em Williams (2013). "Rogerson urges action over second homes in North Cornwall | Wadebridge People". wadebridgepeople.co.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  8. ^ English Heritage (2013). "Church of St Mabena - St Mabyn - Cornwall - England | British Listed Buildings". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "Allan Ward Profile" (Issue 8 March 2008) North Cornwall District Council
  10. ^ "elephant grass growing Cornwall | This is Cornwall". thisiscornwall.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013. "A St Mabyn farmer first in Cornwall to receive grant from Rural Development Programme for England ." 
  11. ^ "My six favourite things | This is Cornwall". thisiscornwall.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013. "traditional farmhouse cider" 
  12. ^ "St Mabyn". thisisnorthcornwall.com. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  13. ^ "St Mabyn: St Mabena, St Mabyn - Cornwall | Diocese of Truro". achurchnearyou.com. 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  14. ^ Weatherhill, Craig (1985) Cornovia: ancient sites of Cornwall & Scilly. Cornwall Books, 1985; revised 1997 & 2000, ISBN 1-871060-31-1)
  15. ^ Thorn, C. et al. (eds.) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entries 5,3,24 & 25
  16. ^ Weatherhill, Craig (2009) A Concise Dictionary of Cornish Place-Names. Westport, Co. Mayo: Evertype ISBN 978-1-904808-22-0; p. 76
  17. ^ Polsue, Joseph (1870) A Complete Parochial History of the County of Cornwall
  18. ^ Polsue, Joseph (1872) A Complete Parochial History of the County of Cornwall, Vol. IV, p. 122
  19. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., revised by E. Radcliffe. Penguin; p. 55
  20. ^ Chesher, F. (1967) (article in) Cornish Archaeology; vol. 6
  21. ^ a b Maclean, John (1875) Parochial and Family History of Trigg Minor in the County of Cornwall: St. Mabyn and Michaelstowe
  22. ^ The Megalithic Portal and Megalith Map: Longstone (St Mabyn) Standing Stone (Menhir)
  23. ^ St Mabyn AP/CP Cornwall through time | Descriptive Gazetteer entries
  24. ^ "'Chamber of Horrors' councillor is banned | This is Cornwall". thisiscornwall.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  25. ^ "BBC News - St Mabyn Parish councillor barred from office". bbc.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  26. ^ "The Prominent Families of the United States of America - Google Books". books.google.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "Some Prominent Virginia Families - Google Books". books.google.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 6 November 2013. 
  28. ^ W.A.Chambers (2013). "Lawry, Samuel – Biography – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  29. ^ Pauline Pickup (2013). "Cornwall - Genealogy Resources". cornwall-opc.org. Retrieved 3 February 2013. "Pauline Pickup" 
  30. ^ "Jill Murphy | Dear Hound | thisiscornwall.co.uk | This is Cornwall". thisiscornwall.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 

External links[edit]