Lega Lombarda

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Lega Lombarda
Secretary Stefano Borghesi
(federal commissioner)
President Giancarlo Giorgetti
Founded 12 April 1984
Newspaper none
Membership unknown
Ideology Federalism
Regionalism
National affiliation Lega Nord
International affiliation none
European affiliation none
Party flag
Ln-ll.png
Website
http://www.naz-lombardia.leganord.org
Politics of Lombardy
Political parties
Elections
For the historical alliance, see Lombard League.
Proposed flag of Lombardy by Lega Lombarda

Lega Lombarda (Lombard League, LL) is a regionalist political party active in Lombardy.

Lega Lombarda is one of the national sections of Lega Nord and, along with Liga Veneta, it constitutes the bulk of the federal party. Its main members include Matteo Salvini (federal secretary of Lega Nord), Roberto Maroni (President of Lombardy), Umberto Bossi, Roberto Calderoli, Giancarlo Giorgetti, Gian Marco Centinaio, Francesco Speroni and Roberto Castelli.

After Salvini's election as federal secretary of Lega Nord, the party is currently led by a federal commissioner appointed by Salvini, namely Stefano Borghesi.

History[edit]

Lega Lombarda was officially founded on 12 April 1984 by Umberto Bossi, who used the resonance of the name of the historical Lega Lombarda when choosing the name. Originally Lega Autonomista Lombarda (Lombard Autonomist League, LAL), the party took the current name in 1986. At its electoral debut in the 1987 general election, Lega Lombarda gained 2.6% of the vote in Lombardy. Bossi was elected to the Senate and Giuseppe Leoni to the Chamber of Deputies.

The party participated to the 1989 European Parliament election as the leading member of the coalition Lega Lombarda – Alleanza Nord (8.1% in Lombardy and two MEPs elected). In 1989–1990 it took part in the process of federating the Northern regionalist parties, ahead of the regional elections. In February 1991 it merged into Lega Nord and since then it has been the "national" (hence, regional) section of Lega Nord in Lombardy.

In 1993 Luigi Negri took over as secretary.[1][2][3] In 1995 he defected to the Federalist Italian League[4][5] and was replaced as secretary by Roberto Calderoli,[6] who, as president,[7] had evicted him from the party, despite being his brother-in-law.[8] Calderoli led the party to its best result up to that point in the 1996 general election, when it gained 25.5%.[9]

In 2002 Calderoli was replaced by Giancarlo Giorgetti, while Roberto Castelli became president.[10]

In the 2010 regional election the party gained 26.2%,[11] its best result ever.

The LL elected its new leadership at a congress on 1–2 June 2012. Matteo Salvini ran as candidate of the faction around Roberto Maroni,[12][13] while Cesarino Monti was the candidate of the old guard and of Bossi's loyalists.[14][15] Salvini won the election with 74% of the votes, that is to say the support of 403 delegates out of 532.[16][17] Soon after, Giorgetti was appointed national president.

On 1 July 2012 Maroni was elected federal secretary of Lega Nord by its federal congress.[18] The Lombard delegates elected also six members to the federal council: Giacomo Stucchi (who was appointed deputy federal secretary by Maroni), Paolo Grimoldi, Andrea Mascetti, Gianni Fava, Simona Bordonali, and, on behalf of the minority, Marco Desiderati.[19]

In the 2013 regional election Maroni was elected President of Lombardy with 42.8% of the vote.[20]

In November 2013 Salvini succeded to Maroni as federal secretary of Lega Nord and was thus replaced by a federal commissioner, appointed by Salvini, namely Stefano Borghesi.

Members[edit]

The party has 25 deputies (including Roberto Maroni, Umberto Bossi and Giancarlo Giorgetti), 11 senators (including Giuseppe Leoni, Roberto Calderoli and Roberto Castelli), 15 regional councillors (including the President of the assembly, Giulio De Capitani, and the Vice President of the region, Andrea Gibelli) and 3 MEPs (Matteo Salvini, Francesco Speroni and Fiorello Provera). The LL controls also six Lombard Provinces (Brescia, Bergamo Varese, Como, Lodi and Sondrio), and, among others, the mayorship of Varese and Vigevano.

Popular support[edit]

The party has its stongholds in the northern and mountain provinces of Lombardy. In the 2010 regional election it won 30.0% in Varese, 28.2% in Pavia, 33.3% in Como, 28.2% in Lecco, 42.4% in Sondrio, 36.9% in Bergamo and 30.1% in Brescia.

The electoral results of Lega Lombarda in the region since 1990 are shown in the table below.

1990 regional 1992 general 1994 general 1995 regional 1996 general 1999 European 2000 regional 2001 general 2004 European 2005 regional 2006 general 2008 general 2009 European 2010 regional 2013 general 2013 regional 2014 European
18.9 23.0 22.1 17.7 25.5 13.1 15.5 12.1 13.8 15.8 11.7 21.6 22.7 26.2 12.9 23.2[21] 14.6

Leadership[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ la LEGA si affida a Negri. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  2. ^ e Bossi promette un colpo di scena. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ Berlusconi Scalfaro, gelo sulla crisi. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  5. ^ Ex Lega Nuova sede ai seguaci di Negri. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  6. ^ Al comando un onorevole chirurgo. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  7. ^ Calderoli presidente della LEGA LOMBARDA. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  8. ^ Il duro Calderoli: se il capo vuole espello anche me. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  9. ^ ::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Camera del 21 Aprile 1996. Elezionistorico.interno.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  10. ^ Lega Lombarda, Castelli presidente Al «giovane» Giorgetti la segreteria. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  11. ^ ::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Regionali del 28 Marzo 2010. Elezionistorico.interno.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  12. ^ Lega Nord, accordo su Salvini: candidato a segretario lombardo - Il Giorno - Milano. Ilgiorno.it (2012-05-18). Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  13. ^ Lega lombarda Salvini candidato dei maroniani. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  14. ^ Segreteria Lega Nord, si candida Cesarino Monti - Il Giorno - Milano. Ilgiorno.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  15. ^ Cesarino Monti sfida Salvini alla segreteria del Carroccio. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  16. ^ La prima vittoria di Maroni Ma Bossi: non andrò in pensione. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  17. ^ "Matteo Salvini eletto segretario della Lega Lombarda". ANSA. 2 June 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  18. ^ Maroni leader della Lega: «Via da Roma». Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  19. ^ (Italian) Oggi la Lega incontra Formigoni «O con noi o col governo Monti. IlGiornale.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  20. ^ Regione Lombardia - Elezioni Regionali 2013. Elezioni.regione.lombardia.it (2013-02-28). Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  21. ^ Combined result of party list (13.0%) and Roberto Maroni's personal list (10.2%).

External links[edit]