Lega Nord Piemont
|Lega Nord Piemont|
|National affiliation||Lega Nord|
|Politics of Piedmont
The party was founded in April 1987 by spliters from Piedmontese Union (Union Piemontèisa, UP) led by Gipo Farassino and Mario Borghezio. This group, which took the name of Piedmontese Autonomist Movement (Moviment Autonomista Piemontèis, MAP) and later Autonomist Piedmont (Piemont Autonomista, PA), wanted to make an alliance with Lega Lombarda of Umberto Bossi, in contrast with UP leader Roberto Gremmo.
PA participated in the 1989 European Parliament election as part of the coalition Lega Lombarda – Alleanza Nord. In 1989–1990 it took part to the process of integration of the Northern regionalist parties, ahead of regional elections. In February 1991 PA was merged into Lega Nord, taking the current name.
In the 1996 general election the party obtained its highest and still unparallaled result: 18.2%.
Splits and recovery
In 1999 the party suffered a damaging split when Comino left the party over disagreements with Umberto Bossi, federal secretary of Lega Nord, and started his own party, which was integrated into the Autonomists for Europe (ApE) in 2000.
Troubled by splits and a huge loss of popular support (the party was reduced from 18.2% to 7.8% in just three years), LNP entered into the centre-right Pole for Freedoms coalition. From 2000 to 2005 the party took part to the regional government led by Enzo Ghigo (Forza Italia), which included LNP long-time leader Gipo Farassino as regional minister of Culture, while Roberto Cota was appointed President of the Regional Council. In 2001 Cota was also elected national secretary of LNP with the mandate of re-building the party.
The party has since then recovered. Between 2006 and 2008 the party doubled its share of vote from 6.3% to 12.3%. Subsequently, Cota became floor leader of Lega Nord in the Italian Chamber of Deputies. In the 2009 European Parliament election LNP increased again its share reaching 15.7%, its best electoral result since 1996.
2010 regional election
In the run-up of the 2010 regional election, Cota was chosen as joint candidate for President by The People of Freedom (PdL) and Lega Nord. His opponent was incumbent President Mercedes Bresso, a Democrat.
The day after his bid was announced, Cota explained that it was time to rewrite the history of Italian unification, that was led by the Kingdom of Sardinia under the House of Savoy. Cota underlined that Piedmont was to be once again an independent state and claimed that even Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Italy's first Prime Minister, did not intend to unify the whole Italian Peninsula and, later, favoured a federal reform of the new Kingdom of Italy. For these reasons Cota, a republican with no nostalgia for the House of Savoy, said that his message would do well in Piedmont and that he would overcome the weakness of LNP (which usually gets far less votes than Liga Veneta in Veneto and Lega Lombarda in Lombardy). In Cota's view, most of his support would come from industrial workers, including those of Southern Italian descent, and Catholics embarrassed by Bresso's secularism.
In March Cota was narrowly elected President over Bresso and LNP tripled the number of its seats in the Regional Council from four to twelve. Instrumental for Cota's victory were the strong showing of Beppe Grillo's Five Star Movement, which gained 3.7% of the vote mainly from centre-left voters, and the Catholic vote that tilted to Cota, disappointing the Union of the Centre, allied with Bresso in the election.
The party is represented in the Italian Parliament by eight deputies and three senators, in the Regional Council of Piedmont by three regional deputies and in the European Parliament by Mario Borghezio and Oreste Rossi. In Piedmont two provinces, Cuneo and Biella, are led by Lega Nord members, Gianna Gancia and Roberto Simonetti respectively, while Massimo Giordano was Mayor of Novara from 2001 to 2010. At the federal level, Cota was floor leader of Lega Nord in the Italian Chamber of Deputies from 2008 to 2010. Michelino Davico, a senator from Cuneo, was Under-Secretary of the Interior in the Berlusconi IV Cabinet.
The party has its stongholds in the outer provinces, in rural and in mountain areas of Piedmont. In the 2010 regional election it won 25.3% in Cuneo, 24.4% in Vercelli, 21.6% in Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, 21.1% in Novara, 20.6% in Asti and 20.2% in Biella.
The electoral results of Lega Nord Piemont in the Region are shown in the table below.
|1990 regional||1992 general||1994 general||1995 regional||1996 general||1999 European||2000 regional||2001 general||2004 European||2005 regional||2006 general||2008 general||2009 European||2010 regional||2013 general|
- National Secretary: Gipo Farassino (1987–1997), Domenico Comino (1997–1999), Bernardino Bosio (1999–2001), Roberto Cota (2001–present)
- National President: Angelo Colli (1991–1992), Domenico Comino (1994–1997), Bernardino Bosio (1997–1999), Silvano Straneo (2000–2001), Oreste Rossi (2001–2004), Mario Borghezio (2004–2011), Gianna Gancia (2012–present)
- David Parenzo; Davide Romano, Romanzo Padano. Da Bossi a Bossi. Storia della Lega, Sperling & Kupfer, Milan 2009, p. 48
- Il Pdl a Pd e Udc: basta tensioni Regionali, il Veneto alla Lega. Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
- Cota, «lotta» a Cavour e ai Savoia «I meridionali di qui voteranno me». Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.