A view of Lerwick across Bressa Sound
Lerwick shown within Shetland
|OS grid reference|
|– Edinburgh||300 miles (480 km)|
|– London||600 miles (970 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Orkney and Shetland|
Lerwick is the capital and main port of the Shetland Islands, Scotland, located more than 100 miles (160 km) off the north coast of mainland Scotland on the east coast of the Shetland Mainland. Lerwick is about 210 miles (340 km) north of Aberdeen, 230 miles (370 km) west of Bergen in Norway and 230 miles (370 km) south east of Tórshavn in the Faroe Islands.
Lerwick, Shetland's only burgh, had a population of about 7,500 residents in 2010 and is the most northerly and most easterly town in Scotland (there are other large settlements more northerly in Shetland, most notable the village of Brae).
One of the UK's coastal weather stations is located at Lerwick.
Lerwick is a name with roots in Old Norse and its local descendant, Norn, which was spoken in Shetland until the mid-19th century. The name "Lerwick" means bay of clay. The corresponding Norwegian name is Leirvik, leir meaning clay and vik meaning "bay" or "inlet". Towns with similar names exist in southwestern Norway (Leirvik) and on the Faroe Islands (Leirvík).
Evidence of human settlement in the Lerwick area dates back 3,000 years, centred on the Broch of Clickimin, which was constructed in the first century BC.
The first settlement to be known as Lerwick was founded in the 17th century as a herring and white fish seaport to trade with the Dutch fishing fleet. This settlement was on the mainland (west) side of Bressay Sound, a natural harbour with south and north entrances between the Shetland mainland and the island of Bressay.
This collection of wooden huts was burned to the ground twice: once in the 17th century by the residents of Scalloway, then the capital of Shetland, who disapproved of the immoral and drunken activities of the assembled fishermen and sailors; and again in 1702 by the French fleet.
Fort Charlotte was built in the mid 17th Century on Lerwick’s waterfront, and permanent stone-built buildings began to be erected around the fort and along the shoreline. The principal concentration of buildings was in the "lanes" area: a steep hillside stretching from the shoreline to Hillhead at the top.
Lerwick became capital of the Shetland Islands in 1708. When Lerwick became more prosperous through sea trade and the fishing industry during the 19th century, the town expanded to the west of Hillhead. Lerwick Town Hall was built during this period of expansion.
The next period of significant expansion was during the North Sea oil boom of the 1970s when large housing developments were built to the north of Staney Hill (located in Lerwick) and to the south (Nederdale and Sandveien).
Lerwick has a subpolar oceanic climate (Cfc) with cool to cold temperatures all year long. This is particularly pronounced by virtue of Lerwick being on a small isolated island, so even extreme temperature records are subdued; the record high stands at just 23.4 °C (74.1 °F) (July 1991) and the record low just −8.9 °C (16.0 °F) (January 1952 and January 1959). Lerwick is also a very cloudy town, averaging only 1110 sunshine hours annually.
|Climate data for Lerwick, 82m asl, 1981-2010, extremes 1922-|
|Record high °C (°F)||11.7
|Average high °C (°F)||5.9
|Average low °C (°F)||1.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−8.9
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||142.6
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||21.6||18.5||19.9||14.1||10.8||11.0||12.1||12.9||16.7||20.8||21.4||21.8||201.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||27.2||55.2||94.1||131.8||181.0||146.2||124.4||127.9||101.3||68.8||33.8||18.1||1,109.8|
|Source #1: MetOffice,|
|Source #2: Shetland Govt,|
Lerwick has 6,958 residents, as of 2011. It is 97.0% White (83.3% White Scottish, 8.9% White Other British, 2.6% White Other, 1.4% White Polish, 0.8% White Irish), 2.2% Asian or Asian Scottish or Asian British, and 0.8% Other ethnic groups. Lerwick's residents are 2.5% unemployed, 17.3% are part-time employees, and 50.3% are full-time employees.
Industry and economy
Main power supply is from Lerwick Power Station located in Gremista.
Schools and education
Shetland College, a constituent partner institution of the University of the Highlands and Islands, is also based in the town, offering degree-level education (among other further education courses) to locals who may have difficulty travelling further afield to study (the next closest university-level institution is the University of Aberdeen, a twelve-hour boat journey away).
Hospitals and healthcare
The town is home to Lerwick Spurs F.C. who play at Gilbertson Park.
Local independent radio station SIBC broadcasts daily from a studio in Market Street. BBC Radio Shetland, a BBC Radio Scotland regional opt out, has its studios in Pitt Lane. The Shetland Times, a weekly local newspaper, has its premises in Gremista on the northern outskirts of Lerwick. Millgaet Media Group, a multi-media production company that includes Shetland Television, is based at the North Ness Business Park.
Lerwick has strong ties with Scandinavian countries, particularly Norway (Lerwick has a friendship agreement with Måløy in Norway), and this is reflected in the street names of Lerwick (e.g. King Harald Street, King Haakon Street).
Lerwick is the focus of most events in Shetland, including the largest of the annual Up Helly-Aa fire festivals which takes place on the last Tuesday of January every year.
Places of worship
There are several churches in Lerwick, including:
- Adam Clarke Memorial Methodist Church (a congregation of the Methodist Church of Great Britain).
- Assemblies of God.
- Baptist Church, Clairmont Place. 
- Congregational Church.
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
- Emmanuel Christian Fellowship. 
- St. Columba's Church – one of three buildings of Lerwick and Bressay Parish Church (part of the Church of Scotland). 
- St. Magnus' Church, Greenfield Place (part of the Scottish Episcopal Church). 
- Eben Ezer Gospel Hall, Brethren Church
- St. Margaret's Roman Catholic Church.
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses.
- Leirvik – a town on the island of Stord in Norway.
- Leirvík – a village on the island of Eysturoy, one of the Faroe Islands.
- Leirvik, in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway.
- Lervik - a village in the municipality of Fredrikstad, Norway.
- Lervik, Båstad Municipality - a village by the Skälderviken bay on the Bjärehalvön peninsula, Sweden.
- "Visit.Shetland.org". Visit Shetland. Retrieved 25 December 2010.
- "Lerwick 1981–2010 averages". UKMO. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
- "Climatological Information for Lerwick, United Kingdom" (PDF). shetland.gov.uk.
- Scotland's Census 2011, National Records of Scotland, 2011.
- "Shetland's Transport Partnership Website". Retrieved 27 October 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lerwick.|
- Shetlopedia.com – Lerwick Pages
- Listen to recordings of a speaker of Lerwick Scots
- Weir's Way visits Lerwick
- Shetland in Statistics, published by Shetland Islands Council 2006
- Bell's Brae Primary School
- Sound Primary School
- Anderson High School
- SIBC – Official Website
- Northlink Ferries – Official Website
- Smyril Line – Official Website