Lerwick

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For the aircraft, see Saro Lerwick.
Lerwick
Lerwick
Leirvick.shetland.4.jpg
Lerwick is located in Shetland
Lerwick
Lerwick
 Lerwick shown within Shetland
Population 7,500 [1]
OS grid reference HU474414
   – Edinburgh  300 miles (480 km) 
   – London  600 miles (970 km) 
Council area Shetland
Lieutenancy area Shetland
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SHETLAND
Postcode district ZE1
Dialling code 01595
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Orkney and Shetland
Scottish Parliament Shetland
Website http://www.shetland.org
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 60°09′18″N 1°08′42″W / 60.155°N 1.145°W / 60.155; -1.145

Lerwick is the capital and main port of the Shetland Islands, Scotland, located more than 100 miles (160 km) off the north coast of mainland Scotland on the east coast of the Shetland Mainland. Lerwick is about 210 miles (340 km) north of Aberdeen, 230 miles (370 km) west of Bergen in Norway and 230 miles (370 km) south east of Tórshavn in the Faroe Islands.

Lerwick, Shetland's only burgh, had a population of about 7,500 residents in 2010[1] and is the most northerly and most easterly town in Scotland (there are other large settlements more northerly in Shetland, most notable the village of Brae).

One of the UK's coastal weather stations is located at Lerwick.

History[edit]

Lerwick is a name with roots in Old Norse and its local descendant, Norn, which was spoken in Shetland until the mid-19th century. The name "Lerwick" means bay of clay. The corresponding Norwegian name is Leirvik, leir meaning clay and vik meaning "bay" or "inlet". Towns with similar names exist in southwestern Norway (Leirvik) and on the Faroe Islands (Leirvík).

Evidence of human settlement in the Lerwick area dates back 3,000 years, centred around the Broch of Clickimin, which was constructed in the first century BC.

The first settlement to be known as Lerwick was founded in the 17th century as a herring and white fish seaport to trade with the Dutch fishing fleet. This settlement was on the mainland (west) side of Bressay Sound, a natural harbour with south and north entrances between the Shetland mainland and the island of Bressay.

This collection of wooden huts was burned to the ground twice: once in the 17th century by the residents of Scalloway, then the capital of Shetland, who disapproved of the immoral and drunken activities of the assembled fishermen and sailors; and again in 1702 by the French fleet.

Fort Charlotte was built in the mid 17th Century on Lerwick’s waterfront, and permanent stone-built buildings began to be erected around the fort and along the shoreline. The principal concentration of buildings was in the "lanes" area: a steep hillside stretching from the shoreline to Hillhead at the top.

Lerwick became capital of the Shetland Islands in 1708. When Lerwick became more prosperous through sea trade and the fishing industry during the 19th century, the town expanded to the west of Hillhead. Lerwick Town Hall was built during this period of expansion.

The next period of significant expansion was during the North Sea oil boom of the 1970s when large housing developments were built to the north of Staney Hill (located in Lerwick) and to the south (Nederdale and Sandveien).

Climate[edit]

Lerwick has a subpolar oceanic climate (Cfc) with cool to cold temperatures all year long. This is particularly pronounced by virtue of Lerwick being on a small isolated island, so even extreme temperature records are subdued; the record high stands at just 23.4 °C (74.1 °F) (July 1991) and the record low just −8.9 °C (16.0 °F) (January 1952 and January 1959). Lerwick is also a very cloudy town, averaging only 1110 sunshine hours annually.

Climate data for Lerwick, 82m asl, 1981-2010, extremes 1922-
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
11.7
(53.1)
13.3
(55.9)
16.1
(61)
20.7
(69.3)
23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
21.5
(70.7)
19.4
(66.9)
17.2
(63)
13.9
(57)
12.2
(54)
23.4
(74.1)
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
5.5
(41.9)
6.4
(43.5)
8.1
(46.6)
10.4
(50.7)
12.4
(54.3)
14.3
(57.7)
14.5
(58.1)
12.8
(55)
10.2
(50.4)
7.8
(46)
6.3
(43.3)
9.55
(49.17)
Average low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
1.5
(34.7)
2.0
(35.6)
3.5
(38.3)
5.4
(41.7)
7.7
(45.9)
9.9
(49.8)
10.2
(50.4)
8.7
(47.7)
6.4
(43.5)
3.9
(39)
2.2
(36)
5.27
(41.48)
Record low °C (°F) −8.9
(16)
−7.3
(18.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−5.7
(21.7)
−2.8
(27)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.3
(37.9)
1.7
(35.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−5.7
(21.7)
−8.3
(17.1)
−8.9
(16)
Rainfall mm (inches) 142.6
(5.614)
120.8
(4.756)
124.6
(4.906)
70.4
(2.772)
53.4
(2.102)
58.2
(2.291)
66.8
(2.63)
83.7
(3.295)
106.3
(4.185)
141.5
(5.571)
146.0
(5.748)
142.6
(5.614)
1,256.8
(49.48)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 21.6 18.5 19.9 14.1 10.8 11.0 12.1 12.9 16.7 20.8 21.4 21.8 201.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 27.2 55.2 94.1 131.8 181.0 146.2 124.4 127.9 101.3 68.8 33.8 18.1 1,109.8
Source #1: MetOffice,[2]
Source #2: Shetland Govt,[3]

Demographics[edit]

Lerwick has 6,958 residents, as of 2011. It is 97.0% White (83.3% White Scottish, 8.9% White Other British, 2.6% White Other, 1.4% White Polish, 0.8% White Irish), 2.2% Asian or Asian Scottish or Asian British, and 0.8% Other ethnic groups. Lerwick's residents are 2.5% unemployed, 17.3% are part-time employees, and 50.3% are full-time employees.[4]

Industry and economy[edit]

Lerwick is a busy fishing and ferry port. The harbour also services vessels supporting the offshore oil industry.

Notable buildings[edit]

Lerwick.shetland. 1.jpg

Significant buildings in Lerwick include Fort Charlotte, Lerwick Town Hall, the Böd of Gremista, Shetland Museum and Archives and Clickimin Broch.

Transportation[edit]

Lerwick is served by the Tingwall Airport located a few miles away and Sumburgh Airport that is further south and flies all year to some Scotland destinations.

Northlink Ferries operate a daily overnight ferry service between Lerwick and Aberdeen, regularly calling in to Kirkwall in the Orkney Islands.

The Shetland Islands Council operate a ro-ro ferry service to Out Skerries and Bressay from a terminal in the centre of the town.

The local bus service is provided by the Regional Transport Partnership ZetTrans and operated by a number of different local bus service operators.[5]

Schools and education[edit]

Lerwick has three schools; Bell's Brae Primary School, Sound Primary School and Anderson High School.

Shetland College, a constituent partner institution of the University of the Highlands and Islands, is also based in the town, offering degree-level education (among other further education courses) to locals who may have difficulty travelling further afield to study (the next closest university-level institution is the University of Aberdeen, a twelve-hour boat journey away).

Hospitals and healthcare[edit]

The Gilbert Bain Hospital provides secondary care services to all of Shetland. The Lerwick Health Centre is situated across the South Road from the hospital.

Sport[edit]

The town is home to Lerwick Spurs F.C. who play at Gilbertson Park.

Media[edit]

Local independent radio station SIBC broadcasts daily from a studio in Market Street. BBC Radio Shetland, a BBC Radio Scotland regional opt out, has its studios in Pitt Lane. The Shetland Times, a weekly local newspaper, has its premises in Gremista on the northern outskirts of Lerwick. Millgaet Media Group, a multi-media production company that includes Shetland Television, is based at the North Ness Business Park.

Culture[edit]

Lerwick has strong ties with Scandinavian countries, particularly Norway (Lerwick has a friendship agreement with Måløy in Norway), and this is reflected in the street names of Lerwick (e.g. King Harald Street, King Haakon Street).

Events[edit]

Lerwick is the focus of most events in Shetland, including the largest of the annual Up Helly-Aa fire festivals which takes place on the last Tuesday of January every year.

Places of worship[edit]

There are several churches in Lerwick, including:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Visit.Shetland.org". Visit Shetland. Retrieved 25 December 2010. 
  2. ^ "Lerwick 1981–2010 averages". UKMO. Retrieved September 13, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Climatological Information for Lerwick, United Kingdom". shetland.gov.uk. 
  4. ^ Scotland's Census 2011, National Records of Scotland, 2011.
  5. ^ "Shetland's Transport Partnership Website". Retrieved 27 October 2011. 

External links[edit]