Lewisburg, Pennsylvania

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Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
Borough
Lewisburg
Lewisburg
Official logo of Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
Keystone Marker
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
Lewisburg, Pennsylvania
Location within the state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 40°57′50″N 76°53′17″W / 40.96389°N 76.88806°W / 40.96389; -76.88806Coordinates: 40°57′50″N 76°53′17″W / 40.96389°N 76.88806°W / 40.96389; -76.88806
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Union
Settled 1784
Incorporated (borough) 1812
Government
 • Mayor Judy Wagner
Area
 • Total 1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
Population (2000)
 • Total 5,610
 • Density 5,724.7/sq mi (2,214.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC)
Zip code 17837
Area code(s) 570
Website Borough of Lewisburg

Lewisburg is a borough in Union County, Pennsylvania, United States, 30 miles (48 km) south by southeast of Williamsport and 60 miles (97 km) north of Harrisburg. In the past, it was the commercial center for a fertile grain and general farming region. The population was 5,620 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Union County.[1] Located in central Pennsylvania, on the West Branch Susquehanna River, Lewisburg is northwest of Sunbury. It is home to Bucknell University and is near the Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary. Its 19th-century downtown was recently placed on the National Register of Historic Places. Lewisburg is the principal city of the Lewisburg, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, and is also part of the larger Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Lewisburg was founded in 1784 by Ludwig Derr. A settler of the area (since as early as 1763-1769), Derr had purchased several tracts of land from the William Penn family and other neighboring land owners; the largest of which was known as "The Prescott". Having been on the land for such a long time, Derr had befriended the local Native Americans of the area. Even as many of the other inhabitants routinely were sacked by Native Americans, Derr's lands remained free from attacks. Subsequently, in 1783, he worked with Samuel Weiser (son of Conrad Weiser, the famous Native Americans liaison who died in 1760, and with whose family Derr's own paternal family had been friends) to layout his combined land tracts, and create Derrstown. The name was later, after Derr's death, changed to Lewisburg.

Much has been considered regarding 'how' the name changed from Derrstown to Lewisburg. The most likely truth is that Derr's first name "Ludwig" translated into English as "Louis" but, being of German descent, it was spelled "Lewis". Later, after Derr's death, the traditional germanic "burg" was appended to his first name to create Lewisburg.

The street names that run East and West are a local urban mystery. St. George, St. Catherine, and St. Louis etc. appear to be named for Saints. However, since Derr was a Lutheran, and did not pay homage to Catholic saints, this is unlikely. Rather, the street names are more likely named for Derr's family members, as those streets are consecutively parallel, and emanate from what was then Derr's home, and the location of the first available lot sold (which were both situated on, what is now, Mill Street). George was Ludwig's son, his wife Catherine and Ludwig/Lewis (sic) himself. The other original street names that still exist are St. John, St. Mary and St. Anthony, which are probably the names of other children from families with whom Derr's own family were friends. However, there is an indication that Derr also had a daughter named Mary. Overall, however, the premise is further supported by the notion that the German word for street is Strasse (Straße, abbreviated St). At the time, street names were pronounced as Strasse Mary or Strasse George. Later, when signs were made to note the street names, the abbreviation for Strasse was allowed to remain, but the US/English abbreviation was redundantly added to the signs.

The second mystery surrounding Lewisburg is the disappearance of its founder Ludwig Derr. After selling several lots of land, Derr set off for Philadelphia to sell additional lots. Shortly after arriving, records indicate some of his lots had sold. However, Ludwig Derr simply disappears from history in that city. Derr's son George went to Philadelphia to search for his father, but returned a short time later, unsuccessful.

Over the centuries, Lewisburg has been a center of commerce in Union County. The West Branch Susquehanna River was used for logging and shipping, and remains of old factories and other ancient stone structures exist along the river banks. Prior to, and during, the Civil War, many abolitionists lived in the area, and several locations within the town of Lewisburg served as stopping points on the famous Underground Railroad.

The Lewisburg Historic District, Chamberlin Iron Front Building, Packwood House-American Hotel, and Reading Railroad Freight Station are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Geography[edit]

Lewisburg is located at 40°57′50″N 76°53′17″W / 40.96389°N 76.88806°W / 40.96389; -76.88806 (40.963895, -76.888154).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,012
1860 2,666 32.5%
1870 3,121 17.1%
1880 3,080 −1.3%
1890 3,248 5.5%
1900 3,457 6.4%
1910 3,081 −10.9%
1920 3,204 4.0%
1930 3,308 3.2%
1940 3,571 8.0%
1950 5,268 47.5%
1960 5,523 4.8%
1970 5,718 3.5%
1980 5,407 −5.4%
1990 5,785 7.0%
2000 5,620 −2.9%
2010 5,792 3.1%
Est. 2012 5,763 −0.5%
Sources:[4][5][6]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 5,620 people, 1,778 households, and 787 families residing in the borough. The population density was 5,724.7 people per square mile (2,214.2/km2). There were 1,938 housing units at an average density of 1,974.1 per square mile (763.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 91.57% White, 2.62% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.79% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.00% from other races, and 1.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.33% of the population.

There were 1,778 households out of which 17.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.7% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 55.7% were non-families. 42.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.64.

In the borough the population was spread out with 10.0% under the age of 18, 45.9% from 18 to 24, 16.4% from 25 to 44, 12.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $30,137, and the median income for a family was $53,409. Males had a median income of $32,727 versus $25,436 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,146. About 6.3% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

There are four polling places in Lewisburg Borough. Ward 1 is found in the Senior Center, 116 N. 2nd St., Lewisburg. Ward 2 is located Union County Courthouse Lobby, 103 S. Second St., Lewisburg. Ward 3 is located in the Donald Heiter Community Center, 100 N. 5th St., Lewisburg. Ward 4 is located at St. John's United Church of Christ, 1050 Buffalo Rd., Lewisburg.

The borough is located in the 85th House District and the 23rd Senate District of the Pennsylvania General Assembly. With regards to the U.S. House of Representatives, residents are in Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district. Each state is represented by two at large senators in the United States Senate.

Schools[edit]

The Lewisburg Area School District is recognized regionally and statewide as a high performing district. This commitment to excellence is reflected in the high school students' strong PSSA and AP scores for the past several years. In 2009, Lewisburg Area High School was awarded a Silver Medal and recognized as one of America's Best High Schools by U.S. News & World Report, placing it among the top 3% of high schools in the nation. The Lewisburg Area High School has been ranked in the top ten percent in the state. In 2007, Pittsburgh Business Times ranked the district 39th out of 499 Pennsylvania school districts based on three years of Pennsylvania System of Student Assessment test scores.[7] The district has been innovative in meeting the needs of their special education students which has led to substantially increasing costs.[8]

They provide technical training through the regional SUN Area Career and Technical Center located in New Berlin, Pennsylvania.

Donald H Eichhorn Middle School serves 6th through eighth grades. The school was recognized as one of the finest in the nation when it received the National Blue Ribbon Award of Excellence from the United States Department of Education in 2002.[9] The school was awarded as a National Schools To Watch in 2010.

Linntown Intermediate houses grades four and five with a student population of 270 and approximately 20 professional staff members.[10]

Kelly Elementary serves kindergarten through third grades. The school has approximately 560 students. It offers a child centered learning program that builds a solid foundation of reading and math skills for all students. Class sizes are typically 20 or less to maximize learning experiences in the formative years.[11] In 2008, the district changed to all day kindergarten in order to prepare its students to meet rigorous academic goals. A small school district, the enrollment in kindergarten in 2008 is 141 pupils.

Pennsylvania conducted a Costing Out Study to identify how much per pupil spending should be to achieve student success. The study called for the district to spend $11,538 per child. The district spends $9,242 per pupil ( a $2,297 deficit in spending per pupil according to the study), with outstanding results and a well rounded program.[12] Lewisburg Area School District ranked 220th of all 501 districts in per pupil spending Lewisburg ranked 39th of all 501 districts in academic performance on the PSSA.[13]

In 2007 the district levied a variety of taxes to support its programs. Taxes include a levy of 13.06 mills on real estate, a per capita tax of $15 on residents who are at least 18, and a tax of 1.5 percent on the earned income.[14] In May 2007 the district's voters rejected raising the local earned income tax to reduce property taxes.[15]

A Pre-Kindergarten program was added in the fall of 2008. It serves a small number of children ages 3 and 4. The program's cost for the first year was paid for with a $78,000 state grant.[16]

Bucknell University is located in Lewisburg.

Parks[edit]

Hufnagle Park is located on Market Street in the downtown area. It offers open space, a picnic pavilion, playground equipment and gardens. It is named in honor of former Police Chief Gordon Hufnagle. Chief Hufnagle died saving lives during the Agnes Flood on June 21, 1972. The park is in his honor, as is a footbridge built in 1982.[17]

Notable people[edit]

Cartographer Thaddeus Mortimer Fowler lived in Lewisburg between 1881 and 1885.[18]

Jason Bohn, golfer, is from Lewisburg.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Valley schools all over the chart, Daily Item 2007-06-06.
  8. ^ A Performance Review of the Lewisburg Area School District, Robert P. Casey, Jr., Auditor General Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
  9. ^ Paige Names 172 Blue Ribbon Schools, US Department of Education, 2002-05-24.
  10. ^ Linntown Elementary School website.
  11. ^ Kelly Elementary School website.
  12. ^ Costing Out Study Report[dead link].
  13. ^ LASD in top 9 percent in state, The Daily Item 2008-09-12.
  14. ^ Lewisburg School Board adopts $23.7M budget.
  15. ^ Tax reform fails, The Daily Item, 2007-05-15.
  16. ^ Little ones learning early in Lewisburg, The Daily Item, 2008-11-26.
  17. ^ "Hoof-nogle or Huff-nagle? Popular park is pronounced, ‘fun’" WKOK radio news report 2007-06-16.
  18. ^ "Thaddeus Mortimer Fowler Panoramic Town View Lithographs (4867)". Historical Collections and Labor Archives, Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 

External links[edit]