Union County, Pennsylvania
|Union County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 22, 1813|
|• Total||317 sq mi (821 km2)|
|• Land||317 sq mi (821 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2), 0.12%|
|• Density||142/sq mi (54.7/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,947. Its county seat is Lewisburg. The county was created on March 22, 1813, from part of Northumberland County. Its name is an allusion to the federal Union.
Union County comprises the Lewisburg, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Micropolitan and Combined Statistical Area
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Municipalities
- 5 Education
- 6 Recreation
- 7 Recycling
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Micropolitan and Combined Statistical Area
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Union County as the Lewisburg, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the micropolitan area ranked 12th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 263rd most populous in the United States with a population of 44,947. Union County is also a part of the Bloomsburg-Berwick-Sunbury, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Union County, as well as Columbia, Montour, Northumberland and Snyder Counties in Pennsylvania. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 8th in the State of Pennsylvania and 115th most populous in the United States with a population of 264,739.
- Lycoming County (north)
- Northumberland County (east)
- Snyder County (south)
- Mifflin County (southwest)
- Centre County (west)
|Centre County||Northumberland County|
|Mifflin County||Snyder County|
As of the census of 2000, there were 41,624 people, 13,178 households, and 9,211 families residing in the county. The population density was 131 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 14,684 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.08% White, 6.91% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.06% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 3.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.2% were of German, 13.9% American, 6.5% Irish, 5.9% English and 5.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 90.4% spoke English, 3.7% Spanish, 2.0% Pennsylvania Dutch and 1.2% German as their first language.
There were 13,178 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 20.10% under the age of 18, 13.90% from 18 to 24, 30.90% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 123.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.50 males.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Union County:
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
Early Child Education
According to the Office of Child Development and Early Learning of the Pennsylvania Department of Education June 2007 report, Union County is rated low to moderate risk level for children who are “at risk” and therefore might benefit from more taxpayer funded services. Union County was rated 1.86 ARL, in the lowest 25% of counties for average risk level.
Head Start PreSchool Programs
Head Start is a federally and state funded preschool program for low income children. The program serves 3 and 4 year olds. In order to participate the family income must be below federal poverty guidelines.
- Early Head Start Family Center
Public School Districts
- Lewisburg Area School District
- Mifflinburg Area School District
- Milton Area School District (also in Northumberland County)
- Warrior Run School District (also in Montour and Northumberland Counties)
- Bucknell University is in Lewisburg.
There are three Pennsylvania state parks in Union County.
- R. B. Winter State Park
- Sand Bridge State Park
- Shikellamy State Park's overlook is in Union County. The marina is across the Susquehanna River in Northumberland County.
A basic program for recycling is available throughout the county including once-monthly curbside pick up and drop off facilities that are open for a couple hours a week. Aluminum, glass, newspaper, #1 and #2 plastics, and magazines are all accepted at most sites. Strict separation and cleaning of materials are required. Household hazardous waste, including fluorescent bulbs, are not recyclable in the county.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Early Child Education Program Reach Analysis 2007[dead link]
- Snyder, Union, Mifflin Child Development Report. Feb 2010
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Union County, Pennsylvania.|
- Official website
- Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division, "2005 General Highway Map of Union and Snyder Counties". Note: shows boroughs, townships, roads, villages, some streams. URL accessed on April 5, 2006.
- Buffalo Creek Watershed Alliance
- Snyder, Charles M. Union County, Pennsylvania: A Celebration of History, Penn State Press, 2001 ISBN 0-917127-13-7