|Imperial Abbey of Lindau
|Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
|-||Lindau accepted the
|-||Exchanged for territory
in Bohemia and Hungary
|Today part of||Germany|
During the Protestant Reformation the abbey of Lindau and its possessions on the mainland were the only places in this region to remain Catholic.
The community was dissolved in 1802 in the course of the secularisation of Bavaria, and its assets taken over by the Austrian Princes of Bretzenstein, who in 1804 exchanged Lindau for estates in Bohemia and Hungary. In 1806 the territory returned to Bavaria.
The residential and service buildings were used for local government offices.
The canonesses' church became the present Roman Catholic minster-church of the Blessed Virgin Mary on the market place in the Old Town of Lindau. The church building originated at the same time as the religious community, that is, in the early 9th century. After the fire of 1728 that destroyed most of the town the church was rebuilt in Baroque style by the master builder Giovanni Gaspare Bagnato, who also built Schloss Mainau and the "New Castle" at Meersburg. The interior has Baroque ceiling paintings and Rococo decorations.
Other religious houses in Lindau
Lindau has also contained other religious houses.
There was a friary here of the Friars Minor or Minorites (founded 1224, dissolved 1528) and also a monastery of nuns of the Third Order of St. Francis (founded before 1238), which survived the Protestant Reformation by becoming Protestant and was secularised at the same time as Lindau Abbey. The church of the Minorites is still in existence as the Lindauer Stadttheater ("Lindau Town Theatre") but the cloister of the tertiary nuns were demolished in 1861. These premises were sometimes known as the Kloster am Steg ("monastery on the jetty").
There was also a house of the Beguines, founded in 1268. On 15 May 1525 it was dissolved and sold off. The buildings were bought in 1857 by the Sisters of Loreto, known locally as the "English Ladies" (Englische Fräulein), who founded here a "Private Higher School for Girls" (Private Höhere Töchterschule). Of its successor establishments, the Insel-Institut was closed in 1991, but the Maria-Ward-Realschule continues as a Realschule for girls within the educational programme of the Diocese of Augsburg.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lindau Abbey.|
- (German) Klöster in Bayern: Kanonissenstift Lindau
- (German) Maria-Ward-Realschule Lindau home page
- (German) Lindau municipal website: history