List of Boston Red Sox captains
There have been 19 captains of the Boston Red Sox, an American professional baseball franchise also known previously as the Boston Americans. The list is one of two created from scratch by baseball historian Howard W. Rosenberg (the other is that of the New York Yankees) in 2004 and 2003, respectively. The Red Sox front office contacted Rosenberg in advance of Jason Varitek being named captain in 2004.
In Major League Baseball, a captain is an honorary title given to the member of the team primarily responsible for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. This role has been particularly important during eras and situations in which managers and coaches have been precluded by the rules from interacting with players on the field while the game is in progress. As is the case with the National Hockey League, then- and now-retired captain Varitek wore a distinctive "C" on the left side of his jersey.
|‡||Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame|
|Player||Position||Years active||Years as captain||Reference|
Boston Americans (until 1907)
|Jimmy Collins ‡||Third baseman||1895–1908||1901–1905|
|Bob Unglaub||First baseman||1904–1910||1907|
Boston Red Sox (1907 to present)
|Doc Gessler||Right fielder||1903–1911||1909|
|Harry Lord||Third baseman||1903–1911||1910|
|Jake Stahl||First baseman||1903–1912||1912|
|Jack Barry||Second baseman||1908–1919||1915–1917|
|Dick Hoblitzel||First baseman||1908–1918||1918|
|Harry Hooper ‡||Outfielder||1908–1925||1919–1920|
|Del Pratt||Second baseman||1914–1926||1922|
|George Burns||First baseman||1914–1929||1923|
|Mike Menosky||Left fielder||1914–1923||1923[a]|
No captain 1924–1939
|Jimmie Foxx ‡||First baseman||1925–1945||1940–1942|
No captain 1943–1965
|Carl Yastrzemski ‡||Outfielder||1961–1983||1966|
No captain 1967–1968
|Carl Yastrzemski ‡||Outfielder||1961–1983||1969–1983|
No captain 1984
|Jim Rice ‡||Outfielder||1974–1989||1985–1989|
No captain 1990–2004
- a Served as acting captain for one game.
- Mallozzi, Vincent. "Author Says Yankees Are Missing Something". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- Heuschkel, David. "It's Now Captain Varitek". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
- Hoch, Bryan. "Trio of captains treasure role". MLB.com. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- Abrams, Rodger (February 15, 2007). "Jimmy Collins: Pride of the Irish". National Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-06-04.[dead link]
- "The Boston Pilgrims". Celebrate Boston. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- unknown; Glen Stout; Richard Johnson (2000). Red Sox Century: The Definitive History of Baseball's Most Storied Franchise. Houghton Mifflin Books. ISBN 0-618-42319-2.
- Flietz, David (2008). Shoeless: The Life and Times of Joe Jackson. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-3312-4.
- "Gessler to be Captain of Red Sox". The New York Times. January 19, 1909. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- Lieb, Frederick G. and McNally, John The Boston Red Sox. Southern Illinois University Press. 2003. ISBN 0-8093-2493-8.
- Richardson, Bob (March 23, 2008). "Visionary views: Several innovators get credit for the evolution of managing". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- "Jack Barry Laid Up". The New York Times. September 26, 1915. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
- Wood, Allan (2000). Babe Ruth and the 1918 Red Sox. iUniverse. ISBN 0-595-14826-3.
- unknown; David S. Neft; Michael L. Neft; Bob Carroll; Richard M. Cohen (2005). The Boston Red Sox Fan Book. Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-34849-5.
- Daniel, W. Harrison (2004). Jimmie Foxx: The Life and Times of a Baseball Hall of Famer. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1867-2.
- McBroom, Kathleen (1981). The Lincoln Library of Sports Champions. Frontier Press Co. ISBN 0-912168-07-2.
- Edes, Gordon (December 24, 2004). "Sox re-sign Varitek, name him captain". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-06-04.