List of Boston Red Sox captains

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Jason Varitek, retired Red Sox captain, with the captain insignia on his chest.

There have been 19 captains of the Boston Red Sox, an American professional baseball franchise also known previously as the Boston Americans. The list is one of two created from scratch by baseball historian Howard W. Rosenberg (the other is that of the New York Yankees) in 2004 and 2003, respectively. The Red Sox front office contacted Rosenberg in advance of Jason Varitek being named captain in 2004.[1][2]

In Major League Baseball, a captain is an honorary title given to the member of the team primarily responsible for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. This role has been particularly important during eras and situations in which managers and coaches have been precluded by the rules from interacting with players on the field while the game is in progress.[3] As is the case with the National Hockey League, then- and now-retired captain Varitek wore a distinctive "C" on the left side of his jersey.[3]

Captains[edit]

Dick Hoblitzel with the Boston Red Sox in 1916
Carl Yastrzemski at-bat in Tiger Stadium, Detroit, Michigan, 1983
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame
Player Position Years active Years as captain Reference
Boston Americans (until 1907)
Jimmy Collins Third baseman 1895–1908 1901–1905

[4]

Chick Stahl Outfielder 1897–1906 1906

[5]

Bob Unglaub First baseman 1904–1910 1907

[6]

Boston Red Sox (1907 to present)
Deacon McGuire Catcher 1884–1912 1908

[7]

Doc Gessler Right fielder 1903–1911 1909

[8]

Harry Lord Third baseman 1903–1911 1910

[6]

Heinie Wagner Shortstop 1902–1918 1911

[9]

Jake Stahl First baseman 1903–1912 1912
Heinie Wagner Shortstop 1902–1918 1913–1914

[9]

Jack Barry Second baseman 1908–1919 1915–1917
Dick Hoblitzel First baseman 1908–1918 1918

[6]

Harry Hooper Outfielder 1908–1925 1919–1920

[6]

Everett Scott Shortstop 1914–1926 1921
Del Pratt Second baseman 1914–1926 1922

[6]

George Burns First baseman 1914–1929 1923
Mike Menosky Left fielder 1914–1923 1923[a]

No captain 1924–1939[6]

Jimmie Foxx First baseman 1925–1945 1940–1942

No captain 1943–1965[6]

Carl Yastrzemski Outfielder 1961–1983 1966

No captain 1967–1968[6]

Carl Yastrzemski Outfielder 1961–1983 1969–1983

No captain 1984[6]

Jim Rice Outfielder 1974–1989 1985–1989

[6]

No captain 1990–2004[6]

Jason Varitek Catcher 1997–2011 2005–2011
Source:[6]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  • a Served as acting captain for one game.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mallozzi, Vincent. "Author Says Yankees Are Missing Something". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  2. ^ Heuschkel, David. "It's Now Captain Varitek". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved 2014-10-24. 
  3. ^ a b Hoch, Bryan. "Trio of captains treasure role". MLB.com. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  4. ^ Abrams, Rodger (February 15, 2007). "Jimmy Collins: Pride of the Irish". National Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-06-04. [dead link]
  5. ^ "The Boston Pilgrims". Celebrate Boston. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l unknown; Glen Stout; Richard Johnson (2000). Red Sox Century: The Definitive History of Baseball's Most Storied Franchise. Houghton Mifflin Books. ISBN 0-618-42319-2. 
  7. ^ Flietz, David (2008). Shoeless: The Life and Times of Joe Jackson. McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-3312-4. 
  8. ^ "Gessler to be Captain of Red Sox". The New York Times. January 19, 1909. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  9. ^ a b Lieb, Frederick G. and McNally, John The Boston Red Sox. Southern Illinois University Press. 2003. ISBN 0-8093-2493-8. 
  10. ^ Richardson, Bob (March 23, 2008). "Visionary views: Several innovators get credit for the evolution of managing". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  11. ^ "Jack Barry Laid Up". The New York Times. September 26, 1915. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  12. ^ a b Wood, Allan (2000). Babe Ruth and the 1918 Red Sox. iUniverse. ISBN 0-595-14826-3. 
  13. ^ unknown; David S. Neft; Michael L. Neft; Bob Carroll; Richard M. Cohen (2005). The Boston Red Sox Fan Book. Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-34849-5. 
  14. ^ Daniel, W. Harrison (2004). Jimmie Foxx: The Life and Times of a Baseball Hall of Famer. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1867-2. 
  15. ^ a b McBroom, Kathleen (1981). The Lincoln Library of Sports Champions. Frontier Press Co. ISBN 0-912168-07-2. 
  16. ^ Edes, Gordon (December 24, 2004). "Sox re-sign Varitek, name him captain". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 

External links[edit]