List of Presidents of Turkey

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkey

This is a complete list of Presidents of Turkey consisting of the eleven heads of state in the country's inception following the Turkish War of Independence. For a list of rulers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire.

Presidents of the Republic of Turkey (1923–present)[edit]

No. Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of Office Political Party Elected
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
Atatürk.png 29 October 1923 1 November 1927 Republican People's Party 1 1923
1 November 1927 4 May 1931 2 1927
4 May 1931 1 March 1935 3 1931
1 March 1935 10 November 1938[1] 4 1935
Mustafa Abdülhalik Renda (acting)
(1881–1957)
TBMM Başkanı Abdülhalik Renda.jpg 10 November 1938 11 November 1938 Republican People's Party
2 İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
Inonu Ismet.jpg 11 November 1938 3 April 1939 Republican People's Party 5 1938
3 April 1939 8 March 1943 6 1939
8 March 1943 5 August 1946 7 1943
5 August 1946 22 May 1950 8 1946
3 Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
Celal bayar.jpg 22 May 1950 14 May 1954 Democrat Party 9 1950
14 May 1954 1 November 1957 10 1954
1 November 1957 27 May 1960[2] 11 1957
National Unity Committee
(Chairman: General
Cemal Gürsel)
27 May 1960 10 October 1961 Military
4 Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
Portrait of Cemal Gürsel.JPG 10 October 1961 2 February 1966[3] Independent 12 1961
İbrahim Şevki Atasagun (acting)
(1899–1984)
No image.png 2 February 1966 28 March 1966 Independent
5 Cevdet Sunay
(1899–1982)
Cevdet Sunay.png 28 March 1966 28 March 1973 Independent 13 1966
Tekin Arıburun (acting)
(1903–1993)
No image.png 28 March 1973 6 April 1973 Justice Party
6 Fahri Korutürk
(1903–1987)
FahriKoruturk.jpg 6 April 1973 6 April 1980 Independent 14 1973
İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil (acting)
(1908–1993)
Ihsan Sabri Caglayangil (1968).jpg 6 April 1980 12 September 1980[4] Justice Party
National Security Council
(Chairman: General
Kenan Evren)
12 September 1980 9 November 1982 Military
7 Kenan Evren
(1917– )
The Seventh President of Turkey Kenan Evren taken from The Presidency of the Republic of Turkey web site.jpg 9 November 1982 9 November 1989 Independent 15 1982
8 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
Turgut Özal cropped.jpg 9 November 1989 17 April 1993[1] Motherland Party 16 1989
Hüsamettin Cindoruk (acting)
(1933– )
No image.png 17 April 1993 16 May 1993 True Path Party
9 Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg 16 May 1993 16 May 2000 True Path Party 17 1993
10 Ahmet Necdet Sezer
(1941– )
Ahmet Necdet Sezer.jpg 16 May 2000 28 August 2007 Independent 18 2000
11 Abdullah Gül
(1950– )
President Abdullah Gül.jpg 28 August 2007 28 August 2014 Justice and Development Party 19 2007
12 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(1954– )
Recep Tayyip Erdogan.PNG 28 August 2014 Incumbent Justice and Development Party 20 2014 — 51.79%
21,000,143

Timeline[edit]

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Abdullah Gül Ahmet Necdet Sezer Süleyman Demirel Hüsamettin Cindoruk Turgut Özal Kenan Evren Kenan Evren İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil Fahri Korutürk Tekin Arıburun Cevdet Sunay İbrahim Şevki Atasagun Cemal Gürsel Cemal Gürsel Celal Bayar İsmet İnönü Mustafa Abdülhalik Renda Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Died in office
  2. ^ Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état
  3. ^ Removed from office due to ill health
  4. ^ Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état

See also[edit]

External links[edit]