List of Russian astronomers and astrophysicists

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Staff of the Pulkovo Observatory (around 1883–1886). Otto Wilhelm von Struve is in the center.

This list of Russian astronomers and astrophysicists includes the famous astronomers, astrophysicists and cosmologists from the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation.


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  • Denis Denisenko, notable astronomer, author of more than 25 scientific articles and a presenter at five international conferences
  • A. G. Doroshkevich, along with Igor Novikov, discovered cosmic microwave background radiation as a detectable phenomenon
  • Alexander Dubyago, expert in theoretical astrophysics. The lunar crater Dubyago is named after him and his father, Dmitry Ivanovich Dubyago
  • Dmitry Dubyago, expert in theoretical astrophysics, astrometry, and gravimetry. A crater on the Moon is named after him and his son

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  • Vasily Engelhardt, researched comets, asteroids, nebulae, and star clusters, in an observatory he built himself

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  • Gavriil Tikhov, invented the feathering spectrograph. Was one of the first to use color filters to increase the contrast of surface details on planets

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