List of Russian architects

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The monument to Russian architects Vasily Bazhenov and Matvey Kazakov in Tsaritsyno Park.

This is a list of architects of the Russian Federation, Soviet Union, Russian Empire, Tsardom of Russia and Grand Duchy of Moscow, both ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities. This list also includes those who were born in the  Russian Federation/ Soviet Union/ Russian Empire/Tsardom of Russia/Grand Duchy of Moscow but later emigrated, and those who were born elsewhere but immigrated to the country and/or worked there for a significant period of time.

Attested biographies of architects in Russian history date back to 1475, when Aristotile Fioravanti, a native of Bologna, arrived in Moscow to build the Dormition Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. Foreign architects had a notable place in Russian and Soviet history, especially in the last quarter of 18th century (Charles Cameron, Bartolomeo Rastrelli, Carlo Rossi and others) and in the first quarter of the 20th century (Mies van der Roe, Erich Mendelsohn, Ernst May and others). This list includes foreign architects whose primary, and most tangible work materialized on Russian soil (i.e. Cameron, Rastrelli, Rossi) while short-term assignments by visiting architects (Mies van der Roe, Mendelsohn, May) are omitted.

For the full plain list of Russian architects on Wikipedia, see Category:Russian architects.

See also: Russian architecture, List of Russian artists, List of Russian explorers, List of Russian inventors, List of Russian language writers, Russian culture

Alphabetical list[edit]

A[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Aloisio da Milano
(15th–16th cc.)
 Italy
Grand Duchy of Moscow
architect, fortification engineer
The walls and towers of the Moscow Kremlin along the Neglinnaya River, 1495;
the stone chambers, which today constitute the first three floors of the Terem Palace 1499–1508;
a moat (later dubbed the Alevizov moat in his honor) along the Kremlin wall on the side of the Red Square, 1508–16.
Aloisio the New
(15th–16th cc.)
 Italy
Grand Duchy of Moscow
architect
Some sections of the Bakhchisaray palace, Crimea, before 1504;
Archangel Cathedral, the burial place of Moscow's monarchs 1505–08;
Cathedral of the Metropolitan Peter in Vysokopetrovsky Monastery, Moscow, admittedly the earliest rotunda in Russia 1514–17.

B[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Gavriil Baranovsky
(1860–1920)
 Russian Empire
eclectics and Art Nouveau architect
Baltic Shipyard workshops (assistant to Ernest Gibert), St. Petersburg, 1880;
Elisseeff Emporium, St. Petersburg, 1900–03;
Buddhist Temple, St. Petersburg, 1909–15.
Petr Baranovsky
(1892–1984)
 Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
architect, preservationist, restorer
Credited with saving Saint Basil's Cathedral from destruction in the early 1930s, founding and managing the Kolomenskoye and Andrei Rublev museums, and developing modern restoration technologies;
restored Golden Gate in Vladimir;
restored Krutitsy Metochion in Moscow.
Restored Metropolitan's Chamber in Krutitsy, Moscow
Баженов01.jpg Vasili Bazhenov
(1737–1799)
 Russian Empire
neoclassical and Gothic Revival architect, graphic artist, architectural theorist and educator
Moscow's Tsaritsyno Park buildings (first palace, Figurny Bridge, Opera House), 1775–86;
Pashkov House in Moscow (attribution disputed), 1784—86.
Figurny Bridge in Tsaritsyno, Moscow
Leon Benois (1856–1928)
 Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
(French descent)
eclectical, neoclassical, Neo-Gothic and Russian Revival architect
(son of Nicholas Benois)
Roman Catholic cathedral of Notre-Dame of Lourdes in St. Petersburg (together with Marian Peretyatkovich), 1903–09;
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Warsaw (later demolished), 1894—1912;
The House of Benua in St. Petersburg (together with Albert Benois and Yuly Benois), 1911–14.
The House of Benua, St. Petersburg
Nicholas Benois (1813–1898)
 Russian Empire
(French descent)
Gothic Revival architect
(father of Leon Benois, Alexander Benois and Albert Benois)
A court architect to Nicholas I of Russia, he oversaw many projects in the imperial residence in Petergof, notably the Principal Imperial Stables, 1847–52;
rebuilt the fountain cascades of Petergof;
designed the number of the first railway stations in Russia, like in Strelna, Tsarskoe Selo, and New Petergof (latter in 1857).
Chess mountain Cascade in Petergof
New Petergof railway station
Bernardazzi.jpg Alexander Bernadazzi (1831–1907)
Karl Blank (1728–1793)
Church of Trinity in Serebryaniki, Moscow.
Ilya Bondarenko (1867–1947)
Exhibition Pavilion of Abrikosov Factories (with Alexander Kaminsky)
Old Believers' Church of Intercession of Theotokos, Moscow.
Фотофрагмент репродукции портрета Осипа Ивановича Бове ( XIX век).jpg Joseph Bové (1784–1834)
Triumphal Arc in Moscow
Portrait of Vincenzo Brenna (Cardelli, Ritt).jpg Vincenzo Brenna[1] (1745–1820)
Folly Bip Fortress, Pavlovsk
Alexander brullov.jpg Alexander Brullov (1798–1877)
 Russian Empire
(French descent)
Neoclassical architect and painter
(self-portrait)
Most of his works were created in St. Petersburg:
Mikhaylovsky Theatre, 1831–33;
Lutheran Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, 1833–38;
Pulkovo Observatory, 1834–39;
the Headquarters of Guard Corps on Palace Square, 1837–43;
Pompei Hall, the Malachite Room and the White Hall in Winter Palace (after 1837).

C[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Charles Cameron 1800s.jpg Charles Cameron[2] (1743–1812)
Cameron's Gallery, Tsarskoye Selo
Francesco Camporesi[1] (1747–1831)[3]
Voskresensky Hospital, Moscow
Cavos.jpg Alberto Cavos
(1800–1863)
 Russian Empire
(Italian descent)
neoclassical architect, theatre designer
(the grandfather of Albert Benois, Leon Benois and Alexander Benois)
Rebuilt the Bolshoi Kamenny Theatre in St. Petersburg, 1826–36 (mostly demolished and replaced by Saint Petersburg Conservatory);
the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, 1853–56;
completed rebuilding of the Mikhaylovsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, 1859;
the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, 1859–60.
Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre in Cavos times
Serge Chermayeff (1900–1996)

D[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Alexey Dushkin (1904–1977)

E[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Mikhail-einsenstein-0713-01 crop.jpg Mikhail Eisenstein (1867–1921)
Elizabetes Street 10b, Riga

F[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Shukin-Felten.jpg Yury Felten
(1730–1801)
 Russian Empire
(German descent)
baroque, neoclassical and Gothic Revival architect, engineer
A court architect to Catherine the Great, he created most of his works in St. Petersburg:
a heavy-lifting machine that moved the enormous Thunder Stone rock, the pedestal of the Bronze Horseman, 1770;
Chesme Church and Palace, 1770–80;
iron-cast grille of the Summer Garden, 1783;
granite embankments of Neva, 1764–84
the Old Hermitage wing of the Winter Palace, 1771–87.
Cast-iron grille of the Summer Garden, St. Petersburg
Aristotile Fioravanti
(1415–1420 – c. 1486)
 Italy
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Renaissance architect and engineer
Palazzo del Podestà, Bologna, Italy, 1453;
Dormition Cathedral, Moscow, 1475–79.
Ivan Fomin 01.jpg Ivan Fomin (1872–1936)

G[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Domenico gilliardi.jpg Domenico Gilardi (1785–1845)
Old Building of the Moscow State University
Riding Court in Kuzminki Park, Moscow
Moisei Ginzburg.jpg Moisei Ginzburg[4] (1892–1946)
Gosstrakh Apartments, Moscow
Ilya Golosov (1883–1945)
Yauzsky Boulevard 2, Moscow
Afanasy-Grigorev.jpg Afanasy Grigoriev (1782–1868)
Khrushyov House, now Alexander Pushkin Museum
Lopukhin House, now Leo Tolstoy Museum
Gornostajev Aleksej.jpg Alexey Gornostaev (1808–1862)
Nikolsky Skit (Church) at the Valaam Monastery
Fyodor Gornostaev (1867–1915)
Krutitsy Metochion (restoration work)
David Grimm.jpg David Grimm
(1823–1898)
 Russian Empire
neo-Byzantine and Russian Revival style architect
Grimm designed numerous Orthodox churches in Western Europe, Jerusalem and Russian Empire :
Church of Maria Magdalene in Jerusalem, 1885–88;
Cathedral of Saint Alexander Nevsky, Tbilisi, 1871–97 (demolished);
Saint Vladimir Cathedral in Chersonesos, Crimea, 1858–97.

H[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Viktor Gartman.jpg Viktor Hartmann (1834–1873)
Naval section of the Russian pavilion at 1873 Wien World Fair
William Heste (Hastie)[2] (1763–1832)
Police (Green) Bridge, St. Petersburg
An office building at Izhora Plants, St. Petersburg

I[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Boris Iofan
(1891–1976)
 Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
constructivist and Stalin Empire style architect
House on Embankment, Moscow, 1928–31;
1931–33 winning draft of the Palace of Soviets (never built);
Soviet Pavilions at 1937 World's Fair in Paris and 1939 World's Fair in New York;
Baumanskaya station of Moscow Metro, 1944.
Ivanov-sh.jpg Illarion Ivanov-Schitz (1865–1937)
Furmanny Lane 19, Moscow

K[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Alexander Kaminsky (1829–1897
Transfiguration Cathedral at Nikolo-Ugresh monastery
Matvkazakov.jpg Matvey Kazakov (1738–1812)
Moscow City Hall
Lev Kekushev (1862–1919)[3]
Roman Klein (1858–1924)
TsUM Department Store, Moscow
Levitsky kokrinov.jpg Alexander Kokorinov (1726–1772)
Fyodor Kon
(fl. 1585–1600)
Tsardom of Russia
fortification engineer and architect
a monument in Smolensk Kremlin on photo
the walls and towers of Novospassky Monastery in Moscow and several other Russian monasteries;
Bely Gorod fortification ring of Moscow, 1585–93 (in 18th–19th centuries replaced with the Boulevard Ring);
Smolensk Kremlin, the largest one in Russia, 1597–1602.
Semiverhaya (Seven-tops) tower of Moscow's Bely Gorod
Smolensk Kremlin wall in 1912
IvanSergeevichKuznetsoff.jpg Ivan Kuznetsov (1867–1942)
Business Yard at Varvarsky Gates, Moscow
Andrey Kvasov (1720–1770)[3]
Grand Ball Hall in Catherine Palace, St. Petersburg

L[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Nikolai Ladovsky[4] (1881–1941)
Nikolay Lanceray (1880–1942)
Nikita Lazarev (1866–1932)
Ivan Leonidov[4] (1902–1959)
El Lissitzky[4] (1890–1941)
Berthold Lubetkin[5] (1901–1990)

M[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Ivan Mashkov (1867–1945)
Georg Johann Mattarnovy
(died 1719)
 Holy Roman Empire
Tsardom of Russia
Baroque architect and sculptor
The Third Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, 1719–21;
Kunstkamera, St. Petersburg, 1719–27.
The Third Winter Palace, St. Petersburg (demolished)
Konstantin Melnikov (1890–1974)
Adam Menelaws[2]
Miron Merzhanov (1895–1975)
Maximilian Messmacher (1842–1906)
Ivan Michurin (1700–1763)
Ippolit Monighetti (1819–1878)
Auguste de Montferrand[6] (1786–1858)
Arkady Mordvinov (1896–1964)
Muratkhanov in 1964 Nasreddin Muratkhanov (1904–1970)
Russian Empire / Soviet Union
An ethnic Turk, architect and civil engineer, migrated to Pakistan in 1950
Minar-i Pakistan (23 March 1960 – 26 July 1967)
Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore
Minar-i Pakistan Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore

N[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Nikolai Nikitin (1907–1973)
 Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
structural designer and construction engineer
Invented a number of innovative techniques, including the usage of prestressed concrete with wire ropes; works include:
Moscow State University, 240 m, 1949–53;
Warsaw Palace of Culture and Science, 237 m, 1952–55;
Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, 1955–56;
The Motherland Calls statue on Mamayev Kurgan in Volgograd, 85 m, 1967;
Ostankino Tower, 540 m, 1963–67;
Nikitin-Travush 4000 project (4000 metres, precursor to X-Seed 4000)
Ivan Nikolaev (1901–1979)

O[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Vyacheslav Oltarzhevsky (1880–1966)

P[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
AlfredParland.jpg
Alfred Parland (1842–1919)
(Scottish descent)
Church of the Resurrection of Christ in St. Petersburg
Church of the Savior on Blood, Saint Petersburg
Holy Resurrection Cathedral (destroyed 1968), Coastal Monastery of St. Sergius
Marian Peretyatkovich (1872–1916)
Petrok Maly
(? – c. 1539)
 Italy
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Credited as a possible architect of the Ascension Church in Kolomenskoye (an early tented roof church), 1528—32;
Kitai-gorod wall and towers (now mostly dismantled), 1533–38;
Sebezh Kremlin wall (now dismantled), 1539
Ascension Church in Kolomenskoye, Moscow
Remaining part of the Kitai-gorod wall in Zaryadye, Moscow
Alexander Pomerantsev (1849–1918)
Anatoly Polyansky (1928–1993)

Q[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Giacomo Quarenghi[1] (1744–1817)

R[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Bartolomeo Rastrelli[1] (1700–1771)
Ivan Rerberg (1869–1932)
Antonio Rinaldi[1] (1710–1794)[3]
Ivan Ropet (1845–1908)
Carlo Rossi[1] (1775–1849)
Lev Rudnev
(1885–1956)
 Russian Empire
 Soviet Union
Stalin Empire style architect
Moscow State University (1949–1953);
Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw, Poland, (1952–1955);
Latvian Academy of Sciences, Riga, Latvia, (1953–1956).
Marco Ruffo (15th century)

S[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Fyodor Schechtel (1859–1926)
Vladimir Shchuko (1878–1939)
Alexey Shchusev (1873–1949)
Vladimir Osipovich Sherwood (1832–1897)
Vladimir Vladimirovich Sherwood (1867–1930)
Vladimir Shukhov[7] (1853–1939)
Pietro Antonio Solari (15th century)
Ivan Starov (1745–1808)
Andrei Stackenschneider (1802–1865)
Vasily Stasov (1769–1848)
Joseph Sunlight (1888–1978)
Pavel Suzor (1844–1919)
 Russian Empire
eclectics and Art Nouveau architect
Over 80 apartment, baths and corporate buildings in St. Petersburg, including:
Ushakov House, 1882–83;
First Mutual Credit Society House, 1888–90;
Singer House, 1902–04;
Ushakov House, St. Petersburg

T[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Vladimir Tatlin[4] (1885–1953)
Konstantin Thon (1794–1881)
Domenico Trezzini
(1670–1734)
  Switzerland
Tsardom of Russia
 Russian Empire
(Swiss Italian)
Petrine Baroque architect
Trezzini was the first chief architect of the newly founded Saint Petersburg; he designed the first general plan of St. Petersburg, as well as plans of Kronstadt (1704) and the Alexander Nevsky Monastery (1717), and supervised a number of major projects:
Peter and Paul Fortress (since 1703), with the Peter and Paul Cathedral inside, 1712–33;
Peter the Great's Summer Palace, 1710–11;
Twelve Collegia Building (now the main building of Saint Petersburg University), 1722–36.
Zurab Tsereteli[8] (born 1934)
Yevgraph Tyurin (1793–1873)

U[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Dmitry Ukhtomsky (1719–1774)

V[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Victor Vasnetsov[4] (1848–1926)
Alexander Vesnin (1883–1959)
Leonid Vesnin (1880–1933)
Victor Vesnin (1882–1950)
Aleksandr Vitberg (1787–1855)
Voronikhin.jpg Andrey Voronikhin
(1759–1814)
 Russian Empire
neoclassical and Empire style architect and painter
neoclassical interiors of Stroganov Palace, St. Petersburg, 1793;
Voronikhin colonnades and Lion cascade in Petergof;
Kazan Cathedral, St. Petersburg, 1801–11;
Saint Petersburg Mining Institute, 1806–11.
Mikhail Vrubel[4] (1856–1910)

Y[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Postnik Yakovlev
(16th century)
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Tsardom of Russia
tented-roof architect and fortification engineer
Saint Basil's Cathedral on Red Square in Moscow, 1555–60;
with Ivan ShirIai designed the walls of the Kazan Kremlin and, according to some sources, the Cathedral of the Assumption in Kazan, 1561–62.
Vasili Yermolin (15th century)

Z[edit]

Portrait Person Notable works
Andreyan Zakharov (1761–1811)
Alexander Zelenko (1871–1953)
Mikhail Zemtsov
(1688–1743)
Tsardom of Russia
 Russian Empire
Petrine Baroque architect
participated in designing the Summer Garden in St. Petersburg and the park in Petergof;
completed the design of Catherinethal palace and park in Tallinn 1718–25;
The Church of Simon and Annа, Saint Petersburg, 1734;
The Church of Simon and Annа, Saint Petersburg
Nikolay Zherikhov (1870s–1916)[3]
Ivan Zholtovsky (1867–1959)

Sources[edit]

Nachokina, Maria (2005). Arhitektory moskovskogo moderna ("Архитекторы московского модерна") (in Russian). Moscow: Giraffe. ISBN 978-5-89832-043-0. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Citizens or natives of Italy or its predecessor states.
  2. ^ a b c Citizens or natives of the United Kingdom.
  3. ^ a b c d e Years of birth or death are unknown or disputed, see main article for clarifications.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Architect known primarily for conceptual projects and graphic design.
  5. ^ Émigré, worked primarily outside of Russia/USSR
  6. ^ Citizens or natives of France
  7. ^ Structural engineer involved in architectural projects.
  8. ^ Sculptor involved in monument building projects.