List of law schools in Canada

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This is a list of law schools and law faculties in Canada.

Canada is mostly a common law jurisdiction. However, the province of Quebec uses the civil law system for private law matters. As a result, Quebec's French-language law schools are exclusively civil law schools, and typically possess additional language requirements.

Legal education in Canada[edit]

Generally, entry into law programs in Canada is based primarily on a combination of the student's previous grades as well as, for English-language common-law programs, their score on the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). Factors such as specialized degrees, work experience, community involvement, personal character, extracurricular activities and references are sometimes taken into account, for which the Universities of Calgary, Windsor and McGill's holistic law school admissions are well known, but the LSAT remains far more determinative of admission than comparable standardized tests for other disciplines, such as the MCAT or GMAT. Quebec law schools, including the dual-curriculum, bilingual McGill University Faculty of Law, do not require applicants to write the LSAT, although any scores are generally taken into account; nor do the French-language common-law programs at the Université de Moncton École de droit and University of Ottawa Faculty of Law.

All of Canada's law schools are affiliated with public universities, and are thus public institutions. This practice has been held to have helped reduce disparities in the quality of students and instruction as between the schools.[citation needed] Since there is a limited number of positions in each law school's annual admissions, entry to all Canadian law schools is intensely competitive: most law schools receive far more applicants than they can accommodate. Most schools focus on their respective regions, and many graduates remain in the region in which the school is located, though the relatively uniform quality of the law schools affords greater geographic mobility to graduates.

After completing the Juris Doctor, LL.B., or B.C.L. , students must article for about a year (in Quebec, the six-month "stage" is the equivalent to "articling"); this can be a challenge for those with lower grades, as there are often a shortage of articling positions, and completion of articles is required to be able to practice law in Canada. Articling involves on-the-job training, at a lower introductory salary, under the supervision of a lawyer licensed by the Provincial Bar who has been practising for a minimum of 5 years. After ten to sixteen months of articling and call to the bar, attorneys are free to practice in their own right: many are hired by the same lawyer or firm for which they articled, while some choose to begin independent practices or accept positions with different employers. Others may leave the private practice of law to work in government or industry as a lawyer or in a law-related position.

Schools teaching civil law[edit]

Province (city) School Degree Type Founded
Ontario (Ottawa) University of Ottawa, Faculté de droit LL.L. Public 1953
Quebec (Montreal) McGill University, Faculty of Law B.C.L. Public 1848
Quebec (Montreal) Université de Montréal, Faculté de droit LL.B. Public 1892
Quebec (Montreal) Université du Québec à Montréal, Département des sciences juridiques LL.B. Public 1969
Quebec (Sherbrooke) Université de Sherbrooke, Faculté de droit LL.B. Public 1954
Quebec (Quebec City) Université Laval, Faculté de droit LL.B. Public 1852

Schools teaching common law[edit]

Province (city) School Degree Type Founded
Alberta (Edmonton) University of Alberta, Faculty of Law JD Public 1912
Alberta (Calgary) University of Calgary, Faculty of Law JD Public 1976
British Columbia (Kamloops) Thompson Rivers University, Faculty of Law JD Public 2011
British Columbia (Vancouver) University of British Columbia, Peter A. Allard School of Law JD Public 1945
British Columbia (Victoria) University of Victoria, Faculty of Law JD Public 1975
Manitoba (Winnipeg) University of Manitoba, Faculty of Law JD Public 1885
New Brunswick (Moncton) Université de Moncton, École de droit JD Public 1978
New Brunswick (Fredericton) University of New Brunswick, Faculty of Law JD Public 1892
Nova Scotia (Halifax) Dalhousie University, Schulich School of Law JD Public 1883
Ontario (Thunder Bay) Lakehead University, Bora Laskin Faculty of Law JD Public 2013
Ontario (Toronto) Osgoode Hall Law School (now located at York University) JD Public 1889
Ontario (Ottawa) University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law JD Public 1953
Ontario (Kingston) Queen's University, Faculty of Law JD Public 1957
Ontario (Toronto) University of Toronto, Faculty of Law JD Public 1949
Ontario (London) University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Law JD Public 1959
Ontario (Windsor) University of Windsor, Faculty of Law JD Public 1967
Quebec (Montreal) McGill University, Faculty of Law LL.B. Public 1968
Saskatchewan (Saskatoon) University of Saskatchewan, College of Law JD Public 1912

Schools offering dual law degrees or choice of legal system[edit]


See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Programme de droit canadien". University of Ottawa. Dec 20, 2011. 
  2. ^ "National Program at U of Ottawa". University of Ottawa. June 24, 2006.