List of skeptics and skeptical conferences and organizations

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This is a list of people, conferences and organizations that promote or practice scientific skepticism. In general, they favor science and are opposed to pseudoscience and quackery. They are generally skeptical of parapsychology, the paranormal, and alternative medicine.[citation needed]

Notable skeptics[edit]

Skeptic conferences[edit]

Event Established City Country Notes
European Skeptics Congress (ESC) 1989 Various Various Sponsored by the European Council of Skeptical Organisations (ECSO) since 1994.[3]
Question, Explore, Discover (QED) 2010 Manchester, England  United Kingdom Sponsored by the Merseyside Skeptics Society and the Greater Manchester Skeptics.
SkepKon 1989 Munich, Bavaria  Germany Sponsored by the Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften.[4]
Skeptic's Toolbox 1992 Eugene, Oregon  United States Founded by Ray Hyman, sponsored by the Center for Inquiry.
SkeptiCalCon 2010 Oakland, California  United States Sponsored Bay Area Skeptics and Sacramento Area Skeptics.[5]
SkeptiCamp 2007 Various Various Organised by various local groups.
Skepticon 2008 Springfield, Missouri  United States Organised by students from Missouri State University.
Skeptics in the Pub (SitP) 1999 Various Various Organised by various local groups.
Skeptics on the Fringe (SotF) 2010 Edinburgh, Scotland  United Kingdom Sponsored by the Edinburgh Skeptics.[6]
SkepTrack 2008 Atlanta, Georgia  United States Part of the science fiction / fantasy conference Dragon Con.[7]
The Amaz!ng Meeting (TAM) 2003 Las Vegas, Nevada  United States Sponsored by the James Randi Educational Foundation.
World Skeptics Congress (WSC) 1996 Various Various Sponsored by the Center for Inquiry and various local or regional organisations.[3]

Skeptic organizations[edit]

Name (English / local (abbreviation)) Founded Region served Notes
Argentinian Skeptical Circle / Círculo Escéptico Argentino[8] (CEA) 2010  Argentina
Association against Quackery / Vereniging tegen de Kwakzalverij (VtdK) 1881  Netherlands Oldest skeptical organisation.[9] Member of ECSO.[citation needed]
Association for Skeptical Enquiry (ASKE) 1997  United Kingdom Member of ECSO.[10]
Australian Skeptics 1980  Australia
Bihar Rationalist Society / Bihar Buddhiwadi Samaj (BRS) 1985  India Member of FIRA.
Brazilian Society of Skeptics and Rationalists / Sociedade Brasileira de Céticos e Racionalistas (SBCR) 2001  Brazil
Center for Inquiry (CFI) 1991 World Global umbrella organisation based in Amherst, New York.
Committee for the Advancement of Scientific Skepticism (CASS) 2010  Canada Part of Centre for Inquiry Canada.[11]
Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), formerly Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) 1976 World Part of the Center for Inquiry.
Committee Para / Comité Para[12] 1949  Belgium Member of ECSO.[10] Serves Wallonia and Brussels.
Commission of Fight with Pseudoscience and Falsification of Scientific Research /
Комиссия по борьбе с лженаукой и фальсификацией научных исследований
1999  Russia Organized by RAS or RAN (not to be confused with RANS or RAEN).
Czech Skeptics Club Sisyfos / Český klub skeptiků Sisyfos (Sisyfos) 1995  Czech Republic Member of ECSO.[10]
Dakshina Kannada Rationalist Association / தட்சிண கன்னட பகுத்தறிவாளர் ஒன்றியம் (DKRA) 1976  India Member of FIRA.
Edinburgh Skeptics Society (EdSkeptics) 2009  United Kingdom
European Council of Skeptical Organisations (ECSO) 1994  Europe European umbrella organisation, based in Roßdorf, Germany.
Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations / இந்திய பகுத்தறிவாளர் ஒன்றியங்களின் பேரவை (FIRA) 1997  India Indian umbrella organisation.
Freedom From Religion Foundation (FFRF) 1978  United States Focuses on state/church separation, nontheism, and atheism.
French Association for Scientific Information / Association française pour l’information scientifique (AFIS) 2000  France Member of ECSO.[10]
Glasgow Skeptics 2009  United Kingdom
Hungarian Skeptic Society / Szkeptikus Társaság (HSS) 2006  Hungary Member of ECSO.[10]
Independent Investigations Group (IIG) 2000  United States
Indian Rationalist Association (IRA) 1949  India Member of Rationalist International.
Irish Skeptics Society 2002  Ireland Member of ECSO.[10]
Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Pseudoscience / Comitato Italiano per il Controllo delle Affermazioni sul Paranormale (CICAP) 1989  Italy Member of ECSO.[10]
James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF) 1996  United States
Maharashtra Committee for Eradication of Blind Faith / Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS) 1989  India Member of FIRA.
Merseyside Skeptics Society (MSS) 2009  United Kingdom
National Capital Area Skeptics (NCAS) 1987  United States Serves Washington metropolitan area.
Network of Independent Danish Skeptics[13][14][10][15] / Skeptica 1997  Denmark
New England Skeptical Society (NESS) 1996  United States Fusion of three earlier organisations.
New Zealand Skeptics[16] (NZ Skeptics) 1986  New Zealand
Polish Sceptics Club / Klub Sceptyków Polskich (KSP)[17][18] 2010  Poland
Portuguese Skeptical Community / Comunidade Céptica Portuguesa (COMCEPT) 2012  Portugal
Rational Alternative to Pseudoscience - Society for the Advancement of Critical Thinking /
Alternativa Racional a las Pseudociencias - Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico[19] (ARP-SAPC)
1986  Spain Member of ECSO.[10]
Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science (RDFRS) 2006 UK & USA The American and British branches are independent.
Round Earth Society / Sociedade da Terra Redonda (STR) 1999  Brazil
Science and Popular Enlightenment / Föreningen Vetenskap och Folkbildning (VoF) 1982  Sweden Member of ECSO.[10]
Science and Rationalists' Association of India / Bharatiya Bigyan O Yuktibadi Samiti 1985  India Based in Kolkata, West Bengal.
SKEPP[20] 1990  Belgium Member of ECSO.[10] Serves Flanders and Brussels.
Skepsis 1987  Finland Member of ECSO.[10]
Skepsis Foundation / Stichting Skepsis (Skepsis) 1989  Netherlands Member of ECSO.[10]
Skepsis Norway / Skepsis Norge (Skepsis)[21] [citation needed]  Norway
Skeptical Association of Chile / Asociación Escéptica de Chile (AECH) 2010  Chile
Skeptical Circle / Círculo Escéptico (CE) 2006  Spain Member of ECSO.[10]
Skeptics Society / Общество скептиков[22] 2014[23]  Russia
Society for the Scientific Investigation of Parasciences / Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften (GWUP) 1988 German-Language-Flag.svg D-A-CH Based in Roßdorf, Germany. Member of ECSO.[10]
Swiss Skeptics – Association for Critical Thinking / Skeptiker Schweiz – Verein für kritisches Denken (Skeptiker) 2012   Switzerland
The Skeptics Society 1992  United States Globally active, but mainly serves California
Young Australian Skeptics (YAS) 2008  Australia

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Skeptical Inquirer Magazine Names the Ten Outstanding Skeptics of the Century
  2. ^ Zenon, Paul. "Paul Zenon". Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Earlier European skeptic events". Hungarian Skeptic Society website. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  4. ^ SkepKon website
  5. ^ SkeptiCalCon website
  6. ^ "About Skeptics on the Fringe". Edinburgh Skeptics website. Edinburgh Skeptics Society. 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  7. ^ Skeptrack on Lanyrd
  8. ^ Círculo Escéptico Argentino website
  9. ^ Andy Lewis (3 August 2009). "Dutch Sceptics Have ‘Bogus’ Libel Decision Overturned On Human Rights Grounds". The Quackometer. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Skeptics Organisations: ECSO Members". ECSO website. European Council of Skeptical Organisations. 16 March 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2014. 
  11. ^ History of CASS
  12. ^ It's full name, Comité Belge pour l'Investigation Scientifique des Phénomènes Réputés Paranormaux ("Belgian Committee for Scientific Investigation of Purported Paranormal Phenomena"), is rarely used, except to indicate it inspired the name of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) three decades later.
  13. ^ Skeptica website
  14. ^ Also translated as Association of Independent Danish Skeptics by ECSO and CSI.
  15. ^ CSI – Association of Independent Danish Skeptics
  16. ^ The full name is "New Zealand Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal", but this name is rarely used in practice.
  17. ^ Tomasz Witkowski & Maciej Zatonski (18 November 2011). "The Inception of the Polish Sceptics Club". CSI website. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  18. ^ KSP website
  19. ^ ARP-SAPC website
  20. ^ The letters 'SKEPP' stand for Studiekring voor de Kritische Evaluatie van Pseudowetenschap en het Paranormale ("Study Circle for the Critical Evaluation of Pseudoscience and the Paranormal"), but in practice only the abbreviation is used.
  21. ^ Skepsis Norge
  22. ^ Saunders, Richard (23 March 2014). "The Skeptic Zone #283 - 23.March.2014" (podcast). The Skeptic Zone. Episode 283. Australian Skeptics. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
  23. ^ (Russian) "Новости (News)". Skeptics Society website. Skeptics Society. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014. 
  24. ^ This site is a portal to introduce you to many of the thought-provoking groups around Australia and New Zealand