List of skeptics and skeptical conferences and organizations
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (July 2009)|
This is a list of people, conferences and organizations that promote or practice scientific skepticism. In general, they favor science and are opposed to pseudoscience and quackery. They are generally skeptical of parapsychology, the paranormal, and alternative medicine.
- James Alcock, psychologist. Author of several skeptical books and articles.
- Isaac Asimov, biochemist, author. Wrote or edited over 500 popular science, other nonfiction, and science fiction books, including the Foundation series. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Robert A. Baker, psychologist, author. Wrote books on ghosts, alien abductions and false memory syndrome.
- Banachek, mentalist. Participant in Project Alpha. Real name Steve Shaw
- Stephen Barrett, psychiatrist. Cofounder of the National Council Against Health Fraud, critic of alternative medicine. Founder of the Quackwatch website.
- Barry Beyerstein, psychologist. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Susan Blackmore, parapsychologist. Author, lecturer, and broadcaster.
- Derren Brown, mentalist, critic of alleged psychics and spiritual mediums.
- Robert Todd Carroll, philosopher. Author of The Skeptic's Dictionary book and website.
- Milbourne Christopher, magician. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Derek Colanduno and Robynn McCarthy, co-hosts of the podcast Skepticality: The Official Podcast of Skeptic Magazine.
- David Colquhoun, pharmacologist and author of the website Improbable Science.
- Brian Cox, physicist
- Narendra Dabholkar, author and the founder-president of Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti.
- Richard Dawkins, evolutionary biologist and author known for promoting the gene-centric view of evolution (in his book The Selfish Gene), coining of the term meme, and atheist activism.
- Daniel Dennett, philosopher. Author of Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life and Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon.
- Ann Druyan, popular science author and current head of the Planetary Society. Widow of the astronomer Carl Sagan.
- Brian Dunning, host of skeptical podcast Skeptoid.
- Mark Edward Skeptologist, column on Skepticblog, invented term Guerrilla Skepticism. Exposes psychics, steering member of IIG and author of tell-all psychic book.
- Richard Feynman, scientist who investigated the destruction of the space shuttle Challenger.
- Kendrick Frazier, Editor of the Skeptical Inquirer.
- Martin Gardner, author, recreational mathematician. Writer of the long-running 'Mathematical Games' column in Scientific American, and a longstanding columnist for the Skeptical Inquirer. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Pamela L. Gay, astronomer, co-host of Astronomy Cast, assistant research professor in the STEM center at SIUE and project director for CosmoQuest.
- Ben Goldacre, physician, journalist. Author of the "Bad Science" column in The Guardian (UK newspaper).
- Stephen Jay Gould, paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, historian of science, Harvard University.
- Sven Ove Hansson, philosopher. Founding Chairperson of the Swedish Skeptics (Vetenskap och Folkbildning) and Editor of the organisation's journal Folkvett.
- Sam Harris (author), neuroscientist and author.
- Christopher Hitchens, journalist and author.
- Douglas Hofstadter, physicist, artificial intelligence researcher. Author of Pulitzer Prize-winning book Gödel, Escher, Bach: The Eternal Golden Braid and Scientific American column "Metamagical Themas".
- Harry Houdini, magician. Critic of Modern Spiritualism who exposed fraudulent psychics and mediums and publicized their methods.
- Ray Hyman, psychologist, critic of parapsychology. Longstanding contributor to the Skeptical Inquirer. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Jamie Hyneman, co-creator of the TV show MythBusters.
- Leo Igwe, Nigerian human rights advocate.
- Edward Jenner, English physician and scientist who pioneered smallpox vaccine.
- PZ Myers, American scientist and associate professor of biology at the University of Minnesota Morris.
- Penn Jillette magician, half of Penn & Teller duo. Creator and host of the television series Bullshit!
- Philip J. Klass, aerospace journalist. Known for his investigations of UFOs. Longstanding contributor to the Skeptical Inquirer. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Paul Kurtz, philosopher, author. Founder of CSICOP (now CSI), Publisher of the Skeptical Inquirer.
- Pat Linse, illustrator. Cofounder of the Skeptics Society, Copublisher and Art Director of Skeptic magazine. Creator of Junior Skeptic magazine.
- Daniel Loxton, illustrator, writer. Editor of Junior Skeptic magazine (bound into Skeptic magazine).
- Tim Minchin, comedian, musician, actor. Has many songs illustrating his skepticism, most notably, Storm.
- Joe Nickell, investigator of the paranormal, author. Columnist for the Skeptical Inquirer.
- Steven Novella, neurologist. Founder of the New England Skeptical Society and host of The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe podcast.
- James Oberg, aerospace journalist. Critic of UFOs and claims of a moon landing hoax.
- Robert L. Park, physicist, and author of Voodoo Science.
- Trey Parker, writer, director and co-creator of the animated TV series South Park.
- Massimo Pigliucci, professor of philosophy at City University of New York and co-host of the skeptical podcast, Rationally Speaking.
- Steven Pinker, Canadian experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, linguist, popular science author, Harvard College Professor and advocate of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind.
- Philip Plait, astronomer, author. Founder of the Bad Astronomy website.
- Massimo Polidoro, writer, journalist. Student of James Randi, Co-Founder and Executive Director of CICAP, Research Fellow of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Basava Premanand publisher of the Indian Skeptic magazine and chairman of the Indian CSICOP.
- Benjamin Radford, Managing Editor of the Skeptical Inquirer.
- James Randi, magician. Founder of the James Randi Educational Foundation. Notable for offering a million dollar cash reward for verifiable demonstration under laboratory conditions of any paranormal ability or event. Conceived and directed Project Alpha. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Emily Rosa, Guinness World Record youngest medical researcher; at age 11, published her study in the Journal of the American Medical Association on therapeutic touch, showing practitioners couldn't feel the "human energy field" when not looking.
- Carl Sagan, astronomer, popular science author, and media personality. Advocate for SETI, founder of the Planetary Society, host of the TV series Cosmos and author of The Demon Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Adam Savage, co-creator of the TV seris MythBusters.
- Eugenie Scott, anthropologist. Executive Director of the National Center for Science Education (NCSE), critic of creationism and intelligent design.
- Robert Sheaffer, author. UFO investigator, columnist for the Skeptical Inquirer.
- Michael Shermer, historian, popular science author, founder of the Skeptics Society. Copublisher and Editor of Skeptic magazine. Also current writer for the Scientific American column "Skeptic".
- Matt Stone, writer, director. Creator of South Park TV show.
- Julia Sweeney, actress, comedian, author and performer of Letting Go of God.
- Teller, magician, half of Penn & Teller duo. Creator and host of the television series Bullshit!
- Marcello Truzzi, sociologist. First editor of the Skeptical Inquirer. Critic of organized skepticism. Founding member of CSICOP (now CSI).
- Rebecca Watson, founder of Skepchick blog.
- Richard Wiseman, psychologist.
- Paul Zenon, magician and comedian.
|European Skeptics Congress (ESC)||1989||Various||Various||Sponsored by the European Council of Skeptical Organisations (ECSO) since 1994.|
|Question, Explore, Discover (QED)||2010||Manchester, England||United Kingdom||Sponsored by the Merseyside Skeptics Society and the Greater Manchester Skeptics.|
|SkepKon||1989||Munich, Bavaria||Germany||Sponsored by the Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften.|
|Skeptic's Toolbox||1992||Eugene, Oregon||United States||Founded by Ray Hyman, sponsored by the Center for Inquiry.|
|SkeptiCalCon||2010||Oakland, California||United States||Sponsored Bay Area Skeptics and Sacramento Area Skeptics.|
|SkeptiCamp||2007||Various||Various||Organised by various local groups.|
|Skepticon||2008||Springfield, Missouri||United States||Organised by students from Missouri State University.|
|Skeptics in the Pub (SitP)||1999||Various||Various||Organised by various local groups.|
|Skeptics on the Fringe (SotF)||2010||Edinburgh, Scotland||United Kingdom||Sponsored by the Edinburgh Skeptics.|
|SkepTrack||2008||Atlanta, Georgia||United States||Part of the science fiction / fantasy conference Dragon Con.|
|The Amaz!ng Meeting (TAM)||2003||Las Vegas, Nevada||United States||Sponsored by the James Randi Educational Foundation.|
|World Skeptics Congress (WSC)||1996||Various||Various||Sponsored by the Center for Inquiry and various local or regional organisations.|
|Name (English / local (abbreviation))||Founded||Region served||Notes|
|Argentinian Skeptical Circle / Círculo Escéptico Argentino (CEA)||2010||Argentina|
|Association against Quackery / Vereniging tegen de Kwakzalverij (VtdK)||1881||Netherlands||Oldest skeptical organisation. Member of ECSO.|
|Association for Skeptical Enquiry (ASKE)||1997||United Kingdom||Member of ECSO.|
|Bihar Rationalist Society / Bihar Buddhiwadi Samaj (BRS)||1985||India||Member of FIRA.|
|Brazilian Society of Skeptics and Rationalists / Sociedade Brasileira de Céticos e Racionalistas (SBCR)||2001||Brazil|
|Center for Inquiry (CFI)||1991||World||Global umbrella organisation based in Amherst, New York.|
|Committee for the Advancement of Scientific Skepticism (CASS)||2010||Canada||Part of Centre for Inquiry Canada.|
|Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), formerly Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP)||1976||World||Part of the Center for Inquiry.|
|Committee Para / Comité Para||1949||Belgium||Member of ECSO. Serves Wallonia and Brussels.|
|Commission of Fight with Pseudoscience and Falsification of Scientific Research /
Комиссия по борьбе с лженаукой и фальсификацией научных исследований
|1999||Russia||Organized by RAS or RAN (not to be confused with RANS or RAEN).|
|Czech Skeptics Club Sisyfos / Český klub skeptiků Sisyfos (Sisyfos)||1995||Czech Republic||Member of ECSO.|
|Dakshina Kannada Rationalist Association / தட்சிண கன்னட பகுத்தறிவாளர் ஒன்றியம் (DKRA)||1976||India||Member of FIRA.|
|Edinburgh Skeptics Society (EdSkeptics)||2009||United Kingdom|
|European Council of Skeptical Organisations (ECSO)||1994||Europe||European umbrella organisation, based in Roßdorf, Germany.|
|Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations / இந்திய பகுத்தறிவாளர் ஒன்றியங்களின் பேரவை (FIRA)||1997||India||Indian umbrella organisation.|
|Freedom From Religion Foundation (FFRF)||1978||United States||Focuses on state/church separation, nontheism, and atheism.|
|French Association for Scientific Information / Association française pour l’information scientifique (AFIS)||2000||France||Member of ECSO.|
|Glasgow Skeptics||2009||United Kingdom|
|Hungarian Skeptic Society / Szkeptikus Társaság (HSS)||2006||Hungary||Member of ECSO.|
|Independent Investigations Group (IIG)||2000||United States|
|Indian Rationalist Association (IRA)||1949||India||Member of Rationalist International.|
|Irish Skeptics Society||2002||Ireland||Member of ECSO.|
|Italian Committee for the Investigation of Claims of the Pseudoscience / Comitato Italiano per il Controllo delle Affermazioni sul Paranormale (CICAP)||1989||Italy||Member of ECSO.|
|James Randi Educational Foundation (JREF)||1996||United States|
|Maharashtra Committee for Eradication of Blind Faith / Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS)||1989||India||Member of FIRA.|
|Merseyside Skeptics Society (MSS)||2009||United Kingdom|
|National Capital Area Skeptics (NCAS)||1987||United States||Serves Washington metropolitan area.|
|Network of Independent Danish Skeptics / Skeptica||1997||Denmark|
|New England Skeptical Society (NESS)||1996||United States||Fusion of three earlier organisations.|
|New Zealand Skeptics (NZ Skeptics)||1986||New Zealand|
|Polish Sceptics Club / Klub Sceptyków Polskich (KSP)||2010||Poland|
|Portuguese Skeptical Community / Comunidade Céptica Portuguesa (COMCEPT)||2012||Portugal|
|Rational Alternative to Pseudoscience - Society for the Advancement of Critical Thinking /
Alternativa Racional a las Pseudociencias - Sociedad para el Avance del Pensamiento Crítico (ARP-SAPC)
|1986||Spain||Member of ECSO.|
|Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science (RDFRS)||2006||UK & USA||The American and British branches are independent.|
|Round Earth Society / Sociedade da Terra Redonda (STR)||1999||Brazil|
|Science and Popular Enlightenment / Föreningen Vetenskap och Folkbildning (VoF)||1982||Sweden||Member of ECSO.|
|Science and Rationalists' Association of India / Bharatiya Bigyan O Yuktibadi Samiti||1985||India||Based in Kolkata, West Bengal.|
|SKEPP||1990||Belgium||Member of ECSO. Serves Flanders and Brussels.|
|Skepsis||1987||Finland||Member of ECSO.|
|Skepsis Foundation / Stichting Skepsis (Skepsis)||1989||Netherlands||Member of ECSO.|
|Skepsis Norway / Skepsis Norge (Skepsis)||||Norway|
|Skeptical Association of Chile / Asociación Escéptica de Chile (AECH)||2010||Chile|
|Skeptical Circle / Círculo Escéptico (CE)||2006||Spain||Member of ECSO.|
|Skeptics Society / Общество скептиков||2014||Russia|
|Society for the Scientific Investigation of Parasciences / Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften (GWUP)||1988||D-A-CH||Based in Roßdorf, Germany. Member of ECSO.|
|Swiss Skeptics – Association for Critical Thinking / Skeptiker Schweiz – Verein für kritisches Denken (Skeptiker)||2012||Switzerland|
|The Skeptics Society||1992||United States||Globally active, but mainly serves California|
|Young Australian Skeptics (YAS)||2008||Australia|
- Skeptical Inquirer Magazine Names the Ten Outstanding Skeptics of the Century
- Zenon, Paul. "Paul Zenon". Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "Earlier European skeptic events". Hungarian Skeptic Society website. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
- SkepKon website
- SkeptiCalCon website
- "About Skeptics on the Fringe". Edinburgh Skeptics website. Edinburgh Skeptics Society. 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- Skeptrack on Lanyrd
- Círculo Escéptico Argentino website
- Andy Lewis (3 August 2009). "Dutch Sceptics Have ‘Bogus’ Libel Decision Overturned On Human Rights Grounds". The Quackometer. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Skeptics Organisations: ECSO Members". ECSO website. European Council of Skeptical Organisations. 16 March 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- History of CASS
- It's full name, Comité Belge pour l'Investigation Scientifique des Phénomènes Réputés Paranormaux ("Belgian Committee for Scientific Investigation of Purported Paranormal Phenomena"), is rarely used, except to indicate it inspired the name of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal (CSICOP) three decades later.
- Skeptica website
- Also translated as Association of Independent Danish Skeptics by ECSO and CSI.
- CSI – Association of Independent Danish Skeptics
- The full name is "New Zealand Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal", but this name is rarely used in practice.
- Tomasz Witkowski & Maciej Zatonski (18 November 2011). "The Inception of the Polish Sceptics Club". CSI website. Retrieved 18 July 2014.
- KSP website
- ARP-SAPC website
- The letters 'SKEPP' stand for Studiekring voor de Kritische Evaluatie van Pseudowetenschap en het Paranormale ("Study Circle for the Critical Evaluation of Pseudoscience and the Paranormal"), but in practice only the abbreviation is used.
- Skepsis Norge
- Saunders, Richard (23 March 2014). "The Skeptic Zone #283 - 23.March.2014" (podcast). The Skeptic Zone. Episode 283. Australian Skeptics. http://skepticzone.libsyn.com/the-skeptic-zone-283-23march2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- (Russian) "Новости (News)". Skeptics Society website. Skeptics Society. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 19 July 2014.
- This site is a portal to introduce you to many of the thought-provoking groups around Australia and New Zealand