List of state leaders in 500s BC

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This is a list of state leaders in the 500s BC (509 BC–500 BC). The column "Title" refers to being of the state in question (e.g. "Emperor" under the heading "Japan" means "Emperor of Japan") unless otherwise stated.

Africa[edit]

Carthage[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Hamilcar I King Magonids 510 BC 480 BC

Cyrene[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Battus IV King Battiad dynasty 515 BC 465 BC

Kush[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Amaniastabarqa King 510 BC 487 BC

Middle East and Asia Minor[edit]

Armenia[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Hidarnes I King Orontid dynasty End of the 6th century BC

Persia[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Darius I King Achaemenid dynasty 522 BC October 486 BC

At this time, the Persian rulers were also rulers of the following conquered countries:

Asia[edit]

Arakan (Burma)[edit]

Mythological monarchs[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Thiha Ran King Second Danyawaddy 537 BC 491 BC

China[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Jing King Zhou dynasty 519 BC 476 BC [1]

Vassal states[edit]

  • Note: Only vassal states where the rulers and their reigning years are known are listed here.
State Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Cai Sovereign Zhao Marquis Ji 518 BC 491 BC [2]
Cao Sovereign Yin Duke Ji 509 BC 506 BC [3]
Sovereign Jing Duke Ji 505 BC 502 BC [3]
Sovereign Cao Bo Yang Duke Ji 501 BC 487 BC [3]
Chen Sovereign Hui Duke Gui 533 BC 506 BC [4]
Sovereign Huai Duke Gui 505 BC 502 BC [4]
Sovereign Min Duke Gui 501 BC 478 BC [4]
Chu Sovereign Zhao King Mi 515 BC 489 BC [5]
Jin Sovereign Ding Duke Ji 511 BC 475 BC [6]
Lu Sovereign Ding Duke Ji 509 BC 495 BC [7]
Qi Sovereign Jing Duke Jiang 547 BC 490 BC [8]
Qi (Henan) Sovereign Dao Duke Si 517 BC 506 BC [9]
Sovereign Yin Duke Si 506 BC 506 BC [9]
Sovereign Li Duke Si 505 BC 487 BC [9]
Qin Sovereign Ai Duke Ying 536 BC 501 BC [10]
Sovereign Yi Duke Ying 501 BC 500 BC [10]
Sovereign Hui I Duke Ying 500 BC 491 BC [10]
Song Sovereign Jing Duke Zi 516 BC 469 BC [11]
Teng Sovereign Qing Duke Ji 512 BC 491 BC [12]
Wey Sovereign Ling Duke Ji 534 BC 493 BC [13]
Wu Sovereign Helü King Ji 514 BC 496 BC [14]
Yan Sovereign Ping Duke Ji 523 BC 505 BC [15]
Sovereign Jian I Duke Ji 504 BC 493 BC [15]
Yue Sovereign Yun Chang Marquis Si 538 BC 496 BC [16]
Zheng Sovereign Xian Duke Ji 513 BC 501 BC [17]
Sovereign Sheng Duke Ji 500 BC 463 BC [17]

Gojoseon (Korea)[edit]

Legendary monarchs[edit]

Even though names of the monarchs are legendary. Gojoseon's existence is accepted by many scholars.

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Yeonggeol King 519 BC 503 BC
Sovereign Ilmin King 503 BC 486 BC

Japan[edit]

Legendary monarchs[edit]

The scholars usually argue that there was no state in Japanese islands during 500s BC. The names of the monarchs shown below are written based on Nihonshoki. Also the use of the title 'emperor' began from Tenmu during 7th century.

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Itoku Emperor 510 BC 8 September 476 BC

Magadha Empire (India)[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Bimbisara Emperor Haryanka dynasty 543 BC 491 BC

Tambapanni (Sri Lanka)[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Vijaya King Vijaya 543 BC 505 BC

Upatissa Nuwara (Sri Lanka)[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Upatissa Regent Vijaya 505 BC 504 BC
Sovereign Panduvasdeva King Vijaya 504 BC 474 BC

Europe[edit]

Athens[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Scamandrius Archon 510 BC 509 BC
Sovereign Lysagoras Archon 509 BC 508 BC
Sovereign Isagoras Archon 508 BC 507 BC
Sovereign Alcmeon Archon 507 BC 506 BC
Sovereign Unknown Archon 506 BC 504 BC
Sovereign Acestorides Archon 504 BC 503 BC
Sovereign Unknown Archon 503 BC 501 BC
Sovereign Hermocreon Archon 501 BC 500 BC
Sovereign Smyrus Archon 500 BC 499 BC

Ireland[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Meilge Molbthach High King Milesians 523 BC 506 BC
Sovereign Mug Corb High King Milesians 506 BC 499 BC

Macedonia[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Amyntas I King Argead dynasty 547 BC 498 BC

Rome[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Lucius Tarquinius Superbus King 534 BC 509 BC

Roman Republic[edit]

Type Name Title Political group From To Refs
Republic Lucius Junius Brutus Consul 509 BC
Republic Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus Consul 509 BC
Republic Spurius Lucretius Tricipitinus Consul suffectus 509 BC
Republic Publius Valerius Publicola Consul suffectus 509 BC
Republic Marcus Horatius Pulvillus Consul suffectus 509 BC
Republic Publius Valerius Publicola Consul 508 BC
Republic Titus Lucretius Tricipitinus Consul 508 BC
Republic Publius Valerius Publicola Consul 507 BC
Republic Marcus Horatius Pulvillus Consul 507 BC
Republic Spurius Lartius Consul 506 BC
Republic Titus Herminius Aquilinus Consul 506 BC
Republic Marcus Valerius Volusus Consul 505 BC
Republic Publius Postumius Tubertus Consul 505 BC
Republic Publius Valerius Publicola Consul 504 BC
Republic Titus Lucretius Tricipitinus Consul 504 BC
Republic Agrippa Menenius Lanatus Consul 503 BC
Republic Publius Postumius Tubertus Consul 503 BC
Republic Opiter Verginius Tricostus Consul 502 BC
Republic Spurius Cassius Viscellinus Consul 502 BC
Republic Postumus Cominius Auruncus Consul 501 BC
Republic Titus Lartius Consul, Dictator 501 BC
Republic Servius Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus Consul 500 BC
Republic Manius Tullius Longus Consul 500 BC

Sparta[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Cleomenes I King Agiad 520 BC 490 BC
Sovereign Demaratus King Eurypontid 515 BC 491 BC

References[edit]