Lower Alloways Creek Township, New Jersey

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Lower Alloways Creek Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Lower Alloways Creek
Motto: The Heart of South Jersey
Lower Alloways Creek Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Lower Alloways Creek Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Lower Alloways Creek Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lower Alloways Creek Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°27′02″N 75°27′28″W / 39.450506°N 75.457741°W / 39.450506; -75.457741Coordinates: 39°27′02″N 75°27′28″W / 39.450506°N 75.457741°W / 39.450506; -75.457741[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Salem
Formed June 17, 1767
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Robert F. Breslin, III (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Ronald L. Campbell, Sr.[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 72.455 sq mi (187.659 km2)
 • Land 45.230 sq mi (117.146 km2)
 • Water 27.225 sq mi (70.513 km2)  37.57%
Area rank 14th of 566 in state
1st of 15 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 3 ft (0.9 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 1,770
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 1,741
 • Rank 501st of 566 in state
13th of 15 in county[11]
 • Density 39.1/sq mi (15.1/km2)
 • Density rank 558th of 566 in state
15th of 15 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08038 - Hancock's Bridge[12]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 339, 935[13]
FIPS code 3403341640[1][14][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882065[16]
Website www.lowerallowayscreek-nj.gov

Lower Alloways Creek Township is a township in Salem County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,770,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 81 (-4.4%) from the 1,851 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 7 (-0.4%) from the 1,858 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Lower Alloways Creek Township was formed on June 17, 1767, when Alloways Creek Township was subdivided and Upper Alloways Creek Township (now Alloway Township) was also formed. The township was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships.[18]

PSE&G operates three nuclear reactors in Lower Alloways Creek Township. Salem 1 and Salem 2 are pressurized water reactors at the Salem Nuclear Power Plant and Hope Creek is a boiling water reactor at the Hope Creek Nuclear Generating Station.[19] Hancock's Bridge (with a 2010 Census population of 254[7]) is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community located within Alloway Township.[20][21][22] Lower Alloways Creek Township is a dry town where alcohol cannot be sold.[23][24]

Geography[edit]

Lower Alloways Creek Township is located at 39°27′02″N 75°27′28″W / 39.450506°N 75.457741°W / 39.450506; -75.457741 (39.450506,-75.457741). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 72.455 square miles (187.659 km2), of which, 45.230 square miles (117.146 km2) of it was land and 27.225 square miles (70.513 km2) of it (37.57%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders Elsinboro Township, Salem, and Quinton Township. Lower Alloways Creek Township also borders the Delaware Bay, Cumberland County, and a small point of land that is located within Delaware's Twelve-Mile Circle.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,182
1820 1,217 3.0%
1830 1,223 0.5%
1840 1,252 2.4%
1850 1,423 13.7%
1860 1,471 3.4%
1870 1,483 0.8%
1880 1,373 −7.4%
1890 1,308 −4.7%
1900 1,242 −5.0%
1910 1,252 0.8%
1920 1,084 −13.4%
1930 1,063 −1.9%
1940 1,124 5.7%
1950 1,307 16.3%
1960 1,293 −1.1%
1970 1,400 8.3%
1980 1,547 10.5%
1990 1,858 20.1%
2000 1,851 −0.4%
2010 1,770 −4.4%
Est. 2013 1,741 [10][25] −1.6%
Population sources: 1810-2000[26]
1810-1920[27] 1840[28] 1850-1870[29]
1850[30] 1870[31] 1880-1890[32]
1890-1910[33] 1910-1930[34]
1930-1990[35] 2000[36][37] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,770 people, 679 households, and 503.1 families residing in the township. The population density was 39.1 per square mile (15.1 /km2). There were 727 housing units at an average density of 16.1 per square mile (6.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 96.95% (1,716) White, 1.36% (24) Black or African American, 0.28% (5) Native American, 0.17% (3) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.11% (2) from other races, and 1.13% (20) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.53% (27) of the population.[7]

There were 679 households, of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.03.[7]

In the township, 21.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 31.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.2 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $66,384 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,808) and the median family income was $72,969 (+/- $7,867). Males had a median income of $46,964 (+/- $6,435) versus $43,083 (+/- $8,815) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,325 (+/- $2,057). about 0.0% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.[38]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 1,851 people, 693 households, and 537 families residing in the township. The population density was 39.6 people per square mile (15.3/km²). There were 730 housing units at an average density of 15.6 per square mile (6.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.38% White, 2.16% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.49% of the population.[36][37]

There were 693 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.4% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.00.[36][37]

In the township the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.[36][37]

The median income for a household in the township was $55,078, and the median income for a family was $59,653. Males had a median income of $44,081 versus $30,313 for females. The per capita income for the township was $21,962. About 4.2% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.[36][37]

Government[edit]

Local Government[edit]

Lower Alloways Creek Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee that is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the Lower Alloways Creek Township Committee are Mayor Robert F. Breslin III (R, term as mayor and on township committee ends December 31, 2013), Deputy Mayor Richard Venable (I, term as deputy mayor ends in 2013; term on committee ends in 2015), Timothy Bradway (D, 2015), Jeffrey P. Palombo (R, 2013) and Ellen B. Pompper (R, 2015).[39][40][41]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Lower Alloways Creek Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[42] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[8][43][44]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[45] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[46][47] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[48][49]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[50] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[51] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[52]

Salem County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members. As of 2014, Salem County's Freeholders (with party, residence, term-end year and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Director Julie A. Acton (R, Pennsville Township, 2016; Administration), Deputy Director Dale A. Cross (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Public Safety), Bruce L. Bobbitt (D, Pilesgrove Township, 2014; Public Services), Ben Laury (R, Elmer, 2015; Public Works) Beth E. Timberman (D, Woodstown, 2015; Social Services), Robert J. Vanderslice (R, Pennsville Township, 2014; Health and Human Services) Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township, 2016; Transportation, Agriculture and Cultural Affairs).[53][54] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Gilda T. Gill (2014),[55] Sheriff Charles M. Miller (2015)[56] and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (2015).[57][58]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,302 registered voters in Lower Alloways Creek Township, of which 461 (35.4% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 337 (25.9% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 503 (38.6% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[59] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 73.6% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 94.1% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).[59][60]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 657 votes here (65.2% vs. 46.6% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 316 votes (31.4% vs. 50.4%) and other candidates with 23 votes (2.3% vs. 1.6%), among the 1,007 ballots cast by the township's 1,323 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.1% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County).[61] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 761 votes here (70.0% vs. 52.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 313 votes (28.8% vs. 45.9%) and other candidates with 9 votes (0.8% vs. 1.0%), among the 1,087 ballots cast by the township's 1,358 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.0% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).[62]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 438 votes here (53.5% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 248 votes (30.3% vs. 39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 95 votes (11.6% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 19 votes (2.3% vs. 2.0%), among the 819 ballots cast by the township's 1,328 registered voters, yielding a 61.7% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).[63]

Education[edit]

The Lower Alloways Creek Township School District serves students in kindergarten through eighth grade. Lower Alloways Creek Elementary School had an enrollment of 202 students in the 2010-11 school year.[64]

For ninth through twelfth grades, students attend Salem High School in Salem City, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Salem City School District, along with students from Elsinboro Township, Mannington Township and Quinton Township.[65][66]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 49.78 miles (80.11 km) of roadways, of which 27.18 miles (43.74 km) were maintained by the municipality and 22.60 miles (36.37 km) by Salem County.[67]

The only major roads that pass through are 600-series county routes.

Route 45 and Route 49 are accessible in neighboring municipalities. The closest limited access roads are two towns away which include Interstate 295 and the New Jersey Turnpike in Pennsville Township.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Municipal Clerk, Lower Alloway's Creek Township. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 19.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Lower Alloways Creek, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lower Alloways Creek township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lower Alloways Creek township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Hancock's Bridge, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Hancocks Bridge, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 21, 2013.
  14. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  16. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  18. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 215. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  19. ^ About Our Plants, Public Service Electric and Gas Company. Accessed July 15, 2008.
  20. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  21. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  22. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed January 18, 2013.
  23. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  24. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  25. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  26. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Salem County Municipalities, 1810 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  27. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 21, 2013.
  28. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 232, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed October 21, 2013.
  29. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 254, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed January 17, 2013. "Lower Alloways creek contained a population in 1830 of 1,222; in 1840, 1,252, in 1850, 1,423; in 1860, 1,471; and in 1870, 1,483."
  30. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  31. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  32. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  33. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  34. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  35. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  36. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Lower Alloways Creek township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  37. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Lower Alloways Creek township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  38. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Lower Alloways Creek township, Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  39. ^ Township Committee, Lower Alloways Creek Township. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  40. ^ Williams, Michael. "New year brings new mayor, deputy mayor in Lower Alloways Creek", South Jersey Times, January 1, 2013. Accessed January 17, 2013. "The committee selected Republican Robert Breslin III to serve as the township’s newest mayor, and unanimously selected Richard Venable, an independent, to serve as deputy mayor. Republican Ellen Pompper and Democrat Timothy Bradway were also officially sworn-in to their committee seats on Tuesday following their victories in the General Election in November — bringing the composition of committee to three Republicans, one Democrat and one independent."
  41. ^ Staff. "Pompper remains mayor in Lower Alloways Creek Township; Breslin, Palombo join committee", Today's Sunbeam, January 4, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013. "Robert Breslin III and Jeffrey Palombo were sworn-in during the meeting, and in a unanimous vote the council appointed Breslin to the position of deputy mayor.... Breslin, a Republican, replaced former councilman George Stiles, also a Republican who chose to not run for re-election in November. Palombo succeeded his wife, Donna Rhubart, for his seat on committee. Palombo and Rhubart are also both Republicans."
  42. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  45. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  46. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  47. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  48. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  49. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  50. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  51. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  52. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  54. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  55. ^ County Clerk, Salem County Clerk's Office . Accessed July 27, 2014.
  56. ^ Sheriff's Office, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  57. ^ Surrogate's Court, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  58. ^ The Official 2013 Salem County Directory, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  59. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Salem, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  60. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  61. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  62. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  63. ^ 2009 Governor: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  64. ^ School Data for the Lower Alloways Creek Elementary School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed January 17, 2013.
  65. ^ Sending Districts, Salem City School District. Accessed January 17, 2013. "Salem High School welcomes students from the following schools in Salem County: Elsinboro Township School, Lower Alloways Creek Township School, Mannington Township School, Quinton Township Elementary School"
  66. ^ Bumpus, Robert L. Salem County Report on Consolidation and Regionalization, Salem County, New Jersey Executive County Superintendent, March 15, 2010. Accessed September 7, 2013. "In this area of Salem County four P-8 districts, Lower Alloway Creek, Quinton, Elsinboro, and Mannington Townships have a send/receive agreement with neighboring Salem City to send their students to Salem High School."
  67. ^ Salem County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.

External links[edit]