It is in two parts. Lower Lough MacNean (or Lough Nilly), the smaller eastern lake, is wholly within County Fermanagh (in Northern Ireland). Upper Lough MacNean, the larger western lake, is split between County Fermanagh, County Cavan and County Leitrim (in the Republic of Ireland). On the strip of land between the two lakes are the villages of Belcoo (County Fermanagh) and Blacklion (County Cavan). A river runs between the villages, linking the eastern and western lakes.
The shape of Lough MacNean changed during the 1960s when a major draining operation took place; before this, the lake was used for eelfishing, but dredging during the drainage process decimated their numbers.
Inishee (from Irish: Inis Aodha, meaning "Aodh's island")
Cushrush, Inishteig, Kilrooscagh and Rosscorkey are now fayed to the land by small bridges. Cushrush seems to have been dwelt since the Mesolithic period as many microlithicflint tools have been found there.
There are also the remains of two crannogs; one in each lake. These were small manmade (or partially manmade) islands used as dwellings in ancient times.