Ludwig Becker (pilot)

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This article is about the German World War II night fighter pilot. For other uses, see Ludwig Becker (disambiguation).
Ludwig Becker
Ludwig Becker.jpg
Born 22 August 1911
Dortmund-Aplerbeck, Germany
Died 26 February 1943(1943-02-26) (aged 31)
north of Schiermonnikoog in the North Sea
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1939–1943
Rank Hauptmann of the Reserves
Unit NJG 1
Commands held 12./NJG 1
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Ludwig Becker (22 August 1911 – 26 February 1943) was a Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Becker claimed 46 aerial victories.[Note 1]

Career[edit]

Ludwig Becker was born on 22 August 1911 in Dortmund-Aplerbeck in the Province of Westphalia, a province of the Kingdom of Prussia. Joining the Luftwaffe volunteers in 1934, by 1939 he was a test pilot and a Leutnant in the Luftwaffe reserve. Serving with Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 (NJG 1—1st Night Fighter Wing), he crashed a Messerschmitt Bf 110 near Winterswijk on 30 August 1940.[Note 2] His first victory was a Vickers Wellington on the night of 16/17 October 1940. Becker was flying a Dornier Do 17Z-10 equipped with a gun-camera. The victory recorded the demise of the No. 311 Squadron RAF aircraft piloted by Pilot Officer Bohumil Landa and three of his Czech crew. It was also the first radar-controlled "Dunkle Nachtjagd" (DuNaJa—dark night fighting, without search lights) victory of the war. He was later equipped with the Dornier Do 215B night fighter equipped with Lichtenstein radar. He achieved six victories between March and September 1941 in this machine. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross in July 1942, he then served as a Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) in 12./NJG 1. By the end of the year, Becker had some 40 victories to his credit.

Becker and his Radar Operator Oberfeldwebel Josef Straub (who had taken part in 40 victories) were posted missing in action on 26 February 1943 in a Bf 110G-4 while on a daylight mission intercepting a Boeing B-17 formation over the North Sea, and crashing north of Schiermonnikoog in the Netherlands.

All his 46 victories were at night.

Awards[edit]

Wehrmachtbericht references[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Wednesday, 21 January 1942 In der letzten Nacht warf der Feind mit schwachen Kräften Bomben im nordwestdeutschen Küstengebiet. Es entstand einiger Häuserschaden. Vier der angreifenden britischen Bomber wurden abgeschossen. Hierbei errang Oberleutnant Becker seinen neunten, zehnten und elften Nachtjagdsieg.[7] In the last night the enemy dropped bombs with weak forces in the northwest German coastal region. There was some damage to houses. Four of the attacking British bombers were shot down. Here First Lieutenant Becker achieved his ninth, tenth and eleventh night fighter victory.
Thursday, 26 March 1942 Der Feind warf in der vergangenen Nacht Spreng- und Brandbomben auf mehrere Orte in Westdeutschland. Die Zivilbevölkerung hatte Verluste an Toten und Verletzten. Störungsflüge einzelner feindlicher Flugzeuge führten in das südliche Reichsgebiet. Nachtjäger und Flakartillerie schossen acht der angreifenden Bomber ab. Hierbei errang Oberleutnant Becker seinen 15. und 16. Nachtjagdsieg.[8] The enemy dropped explosive and incendiary bombs on several places in West Germany during last night. The civilian population suffered killed and wounded casualties. Single disruptive flights of enemy aircraft led to the southern territory of the Reich. Night fighters and anti-aircraft artillery shot down eight of the attacking bombers. Here First Lieutenant Becker achieved his 15th and 16th night fighter victory.
Sunday, 7 June 1942 Oberleutnant Becker errang in der letzten Nacht seinen 20. bis 22. Nachtjagdsieg.[9] First Lieutenant Becker achieved his 20th to 22nd night fighter victory last night.
Friday, 26 June 1942 Oberleutnant Becker erzielte seinen 25. Nachtjagdsieg.[10] First Lieutenant Becker accomplished his 25th night fighter victory.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For a list of Luftwaffe night fighter aces see List of German World War II night fighter aces.
  2. ^ For an explanation of the meaning of Luftwaffe unit designation see Organization of the Luftwaffe during World War II.
  3. ^ According to Obermaier on 4 May 1942.[1]
  4. ^ a b According to Scherzer as Oberleutnant of the Reserves and Staffelkapitän of the 6./NJG 1.[5]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b Obermaier 1989, p. 56.
  2. ^ a b MacLean 2007, p. 51.
  3. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 31.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 126.
  5. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 209.
  6. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 66.
  7. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 16.
  8. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 67.
  9. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 153.
  10. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 176.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • MacLean, French L. (2007). "Luftwaffe Efficiency & Promotion Reports — For the Knight's Cross Winners". Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military History. ISBN 978-0-7643-2657-8.
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1941 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 2, 1 January 1942 to 31 December 1943] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]