Harderwijk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about municipality in Gelderland. For the village in the municipality of Opmeer, see Harderwijk, North Holland.
Harderwijk
Municipality
Harbour of Harderwijk seen from windmill De Hoop
Harbour of Harderwijk seen from windmill De Hoop
Flag of Harderwijk
Flag
Coat of arms of Harderwijk
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Harderwijk in a municipal map of Gelderland
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates: 52°21′N 5°37′E / 52.350°N 5.617°E / 52.350; 5.617Coordinates: 52°21′N 5°37′E / 52.350°N 5.617°E / 52.350; 5.617
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Harm-Jan van Schaik (CDA)
Area[2]
 • Total 48.27 km2 (18.64 sq mi)
 • Land 38.59 km2 (14.90 sq mi)
 • Water 9.68 km2 (3.74 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 3 m (10 ft)
Population (January 2014)[4]
 • Total 45,741
 • Density 1,185/km2 (3,070/sq mi)
Demonym Harderwijker
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 3840–3849
Area code 0341
Website www.harderwijk.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Harderwijk (town), March 2014

Harderwijk (About this sound pronunciation ) (Dutch Low Saxon: Harderwiek) is a municipality and a small city almost at the exact geographical center of the Netherlands.

Population centres[edit]

The history of Harderwijk[edit]

Harderwijk received city rights from Count Otto II of Guelders in 1231.[5] A defensive wall surrounding the city was completed by the end of that century. The oldest part of the city is near where the streets Hoogstraat and Grote Poortstraat are today. Around 1315 the city was expanded southwards, which included the construction of what is now called the Grote Kerk (Large Church). A second, northward expansion took place around 1425. Particularly along the west side of town much of the wall still exists, although often not in entirely original form. This also goes for the only remaining city gate, the picturesque Vischpoort.

Between 1648 and 1811 the University of Harderwijk operated in the city. Carolus Linnaeus graduated at this university. The university, together with the universities of Zutphen and Franeker was abolished by Napoleon.

Harderwijk was a member of the Hanseatic League. It lies on what used to be the Zuider Zee shore (Southern Sea, now the IJsselmeer) and consequently its economy was strongly based on fishing and seafaring in general. This dramatically changed after 1932, when the Zuiderzee was cut off from the North Sea for safety reasons. Because of this, there are few fishing boats remaining in the harbour these days, which is now mainly home to yachts. An annual event illustrating the former importantance of the fishing industry to Harderwijk is Aaltjesdag, which translates to Eel day. Fish can still be bought at stands and restaurants on the boulevard throughout the year except for the winter months. Tourists are common customers, while local people no longer make their living from the fisheries.

Today, Harderwijk is probably known best for the Dolfinarium Harderwijk, a marine mammal park where dolphin shows are held and various other marine mammals and fish are kept.

Veluwe[edit]

Harderwijk is on the western boundary of the Veluwe region and the southeastern half of the municipality consists largely of forests.

Transport[edit]

Railway Station: Harderwijk

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Samenstelling" [Members] (in Dutch). Gemeente Harderwijk. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 3841AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 50 and 183–188. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9406-3

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]