|• Total||0.80 sq mi (2.07 km2)|
|• Land||0.80 sq mi (2.07 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||715 ft (218 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,323|
|• Density||2,857.5/sq mi (1,103.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1512417|
Mabton is a city in Yakima County, Washington, United States. The population was 2,286 at the 2010 census. Incorporated during the first few years of the 20th century, it is located at the eastern edge of the Yakama Indian Reservation.
The Mabton area's original inhabitants were the Yakama people, who were forced onto a reservation in 1855. Mabton's existence as a town is due to the Northern Pacific Railway, which arrived in the area around 1884 and built a water tower and section house on the site. Nothing else existed at Mabton until 1892 when Sam P. Flower built a store and a warehouse. He soon became the town's first postmaster. Mabton was named by Charlie Sandburg, a Swedish railworker, who proposed the name "Mabletown" for the wife (or daughter) of a railroad official who had spoken kind words to track workers during an inspection. By 1895, Mabton had several stores, a hotel, a railroad depot and a schoolhouse. The Mabton Townsite Company, formed by Sam P. Flower and J.A. Humphrey, made the first plat in 1902, and by 1904, it had more than a dozen businesses and a newspaper. The town of Mabton officially incorporated on November 7, 1905.
The Mabton School District has been the repeated beneficiary of grants from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation:
- $558,000 over five years (from 2000 to 2005) to enhance student access to technology;
- In 2001, Mabton High School was one of sixteen high schools chosen to participate in the Washington State Achievers Program; the school gets a share proportional to its student population (about 330 students) of more than $9 million to support school improvement and redesign efforts and more than $100 million for college scholarships for its students;
- Over $40,000 over five years (2001–2006) to improve high school education and access to higher education; and
- Over $125,000 over 34 months (2001–2004) to support professional development programs in partnership with Heritage College.
Mabton is located at 46°12'42" North, 119°59'47" West (46.211618, -119.996520). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.80 square miles (2.07 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,286 people, 528 households, and 478 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,857.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,103.3 /km2). There were 548 housing units at an average density of 685.0 per square mile (264.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 46.9% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 48.4% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 91.9% of the population.
There were 528 households of which 69.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 25.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 9.5% were non-families. 7.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.31 and the average family size was 4.41.
The median age in the city was 23.6 years. 39.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.9% were from 25 to 44; 16.5% were from 45 to 64; and 5.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there are 1,891 people, 445 households, and 381 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,553.4/km² (4,026.3/mi²). There are 463 housing units at an average density of 380.4 persons/km² (985.8 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 21.73% White, 0.11% African American, 0.48% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 73.88% from other races, and 2.80% from two or more races. 89.00% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 445 households out of which 60.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% are married couples living together, 17.3% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 14.2% are non-families. 12.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 4.22 and the average family size is 4.54.
In the city the population is spread out with 41.9% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 12.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 22 years. For every 100 females there are 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 104.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $26,650, and the median income for a family is $26,198. Males have a median income of $18,917 versus $21,667 for females. The per capita income for the city is $7,694. 32.7% of the population and 27.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 44.0% are under the age of 18 and 18.2% are 65 or older.
The city's library is open six afternoons and three evenings per week. In a space of about 1,260 sq ft (117 m2) it has over 5,000 volumes of hardback books, over 2000 paperbacks, and 26 magazine subscriptions. Many of its books and magazines are in Spanish.
- Mel Stottlemyre, a pitcher and later a pitching coach for the New York Yankees. He won 164 games for them as a pitcher from 1964 to 1974, with three 20-win seasons.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Katherine Trembley Wernex (1979), It Did Happen Here: A Living History of Old Mabton, Prosser, Washington: Perfect, p. 2
- Historylink.org (Washington State History online encyclopedia), First U.S. case of mad cow disease is reported
- "Investigators Trace Diseased Cow to Canada".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.