Manuel Cardona Castro (7 September 1934 – 2 July 2014) was a physicist. According to the ISI Citations web database, Cardona was one of the eight most cited physicists since 1970. He specialized in solid state physics.
Cardona was born in Barcelona, Spain in 1934. After obtaining a Masters in physics in 1955 from University of Barcelona Cardona was awarded a fellowship to work as a graduate student at Harvard University starting in 1956. At Harvard he began investigations of the dielectric properties of semiconductors, in particular germanium and silicon. With this work as a thesis he received a PhD in Applied Physics at Harvard. From 1959 till 1961 he continued similar work on III-V semiconductors at the RCA Laboratories in Zurich, Switzerland. In 1961 he moved to the RCA Labs in Princeton, NJ, where he continued work on the optical properties of semiconductors and started investigations of the microwave properties of superconductors. In 1964 he became a member of the Physics Faculty of Brown University (Providence, RI). In June–September 1965 he taught at the University of Buenos Aires under the auspices of the Ford Foundation. In 1971 he moved to Stuttgart, Germany as a founding director of the then-recently created Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research. Concomitantly he became scientific Member of the Max Planck Society, where he became emeritus in 2000.
Cardona's main interests have been in the fields Raman Scattering (and other optical spectroscopies) as applied to semiconductor microstructures, materials with tailor-made isotopic compositions, and high T-c superconductors, particularly investigations of electronic and vibronic excitations in the normal and superconducting state.
Distinctions and honors
- 1964 American Physical Society, Fellow
- 1982 Narcís Monturiol Medal, Government of Catalonia
- 1984 Frank Isakson Prize, American Physical Society
- 1984 Fellow, Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science
- 1984 Corresponding Member, Royal Academy of Sciences of Barcelona
- 1987 Member, National Academy of Sciences of the USA
- 1987 Grand Cross of Alfonso X el Sabio, Spain
- 1988 "Principe de Asturias" Prize, named after the Crown Prince of Spain
- 1991 Member, Academia Europaea
- 1994 Max Planck Research Prize, shared with E.E.Haller, Berkeley
- 1995 Corresponding Member, Royal Academy of Sciences, Spain
- 1997 John Wheatley Prize, American Physical Society
- 1999 Ernst Mach Medal, Prague
- 2009 Fellow, Royal Society of Canada
- 2011 Bernadsky Gold Medal, Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine
- 2012 Paul Klemens Award, Phonons Conference, Ann Arbor, MI.
- 2012 Luis Federico Leloir Prize, Argentina
Cardona has authored over 1,300 scientific publications in international journals, ten monographs on solid state physics and co-authored a textbook on semiconductors. Since 1972, Cardona has served on the Board of Editors of at least seven journals, including being the Editor-in-Chief of Solid State Communications from 2002 to 2005.
Some of his works include:
- Manuel Cardona: Modulation Spectroscopy, Academic Press 1969. Lib of Congress 55-12299
- Manuel Cardona, Gernot Günterodt and Roberto Merlin: Light Scattering in Solids I-IX (nine volumes) Springer Verlag; ISBN 3-540-11513-7
- Pere Bonnin: Manuel Cardona i Castro, Fundació Catalana per a la Recerca, Barcelona 1998 ISBN 84-89570-18-3
- Peter Y. Yu and Manuel Cardona, Fundamentals of semiconductors, 4 editions 1996-2000,ISBN 978-3-642-00709-5
- "Manuel Cardona - Curriculum vitae". Academia Europaea. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Prince of Asturias Award for Technical & Scientific Research 1988". Prince of Asturias Foundation. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "1997 John Wheatley Award Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research: Departments". Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Highly Cited Researcher Cardona, Manuel". Thomson ISI. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "1984 Frank Isakson Prize for Optical Effects in Solids Recipient". American Physical Society. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
- "Obituary at the Max-Planck society website". Max Planck Society. Retrieved 5 July 2014.