Princeton, New Jersey
|Princeton, New Jersey|
Princeton highlighted in Mercer County. Inset map: Mercer County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of the former Princeton Township (and enclaved Borough in pink), New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||January 1, 2013|
|• Mayor||Liz Lempert (term ends December 31, 2016)|
|• Administrator||Robert W. Bruschi|
|• Clerk||Linda McDermott|
|• Total||18.363 sq mi (47.56 km2)|
|• Land||17.933 sq mi (46.45 km2)|
|• Water||0.430 sq mi (1.11 km2) 2.34%|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||1,600/sq mi (600/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||609 |
Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 28,572, reflecting the former township's population of 16,265, along with the 12,307 in the former borough.
Princeton is best known as the location of Princeton University, which has been sited in the community since 1756. Although Princeton is a "college town", there are other important institutions in the area, including the Institute for Advanced Study, Westminster Choir College, Princeton Theological Seminary, Educational Testing Service (ETS), Opinion Research Corporation, Siemens Corporate Research, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Sarnoff Corporation, FMC Corporation, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Amrep, Church and Dwight, Berlitz International, and Dow Jones & Company.
New Jersey's capital is the city of Trenton, but the governor's official residence has been in Princeton since 1945, when Morven in the borough became the first Governor's mansion. It was later replaced by the larger Drumthwacket, a colonial mansion located in the township. Morven became a museum property of the New Jersey Historical Society.
Although residents of Princeton (Princetonians) traditionally have a strong community-wide identity, the community had been composed of two separate municipalities: a township and a borough. The central borough was completely surrounded by the township. The Borough seceded from the Township in 1894 in a dispute over school taxes; the two municipalities later formed the Princeton Public Schools, and some other public services were conducted together before they were reunited into a single Princeton in January 2013. The Borough contained Nassau Street, the main commercial street, most of the University campus, and incorporated most of the urban area until the postwar suburbanization. Borough and Township had roughly equal populations.
United States Postal ZIP codes for Princeton include 08540, 08541 (Educational Testing Service), 08542 (largely the old Borough), 08543 (PO boxes), and 08544 (the University). The first covers areas outside Princeton proper, including portions of Lawrence, Hopewell, and West Windsor Townships in Mercer County, Montgomery and Franklin Townships in Somerset County, and Plainsboro and South Brunswick Townships in Middlesex County.
- 1 History
- 2 Government
- 3 Climate
- 4 Education
- 5 Transportation
- 6 Sister cities
- 7 Notable people
- 8 Princeton in popular culture
- 9 Points of interest
- 10 Local media
- 11 References
- 12 Sources
- 13 External links
The Lenni Lenape Native Americans were the earliest identifiable inhabitants of the Princeton area. Europeans founded their settlement in the latter part of the 17th century. The first European to find his home in the boundaries of the future town was Henry Greenland. He built his house in 1683 along with a tavern. In this drinking hole representatives of West and East Jersey met to set boundaries for the location of the township.
Originally, Princeton was known only as part of nearby Stony Brook. Mr. James Leonard first referred to the town as Prince-town,[when?] when describing the location of his large estate in his diary. The town bore a variety of names subsequently, including: Princetown, Prince's Town and finally Princeton. Although there is no official documentary backing, the town is considered[by whom?] to be named after King William III, Prince William of Orange of the House of Nassau. Another theory suggests that the name came from a large land-owner named Henry Prince, but there is no evidence that this was the case. It is more likely for the settlement to be named after a prince, as three nearby towns had similar names: Kingston, Queenstown (in the vicinity of the intersection of Nassau and Harrison streets) and Princessville (Lawrence township).
When Richard Stockton, one of the founders of the township, died in 1709 he left his estate to his sons, who helped to expand property and population. Based on the 1880 United States Census, the population of the town was only 3,209 (not including students). Local population has expanded from the nineteenth century. According to the 2000 Census, Princeton Borough has 14,203 inhabitants, while Princeton Township has 16,207. The numbers have become stagnant; since the founding of Princeton University, the town’s population spikes every year during the fall and winter and drops significantly over the course of the summer.
Aside from housing the University of the same name, the settlement suffered the revolutionary Battle of Princeton on its soil. After the victory in 1777, the town hosted the first Legislature under the State Constitution of New Jersey to decide the State’s seal, Governor and organization of its government. In addition, two of the original signers of the Declaration of Independence—Richard Stockton and John Witherspoon lived in Princeton. Princetonians honored their citizen’s legacy by naming two streets in the downtown area after them.
On January 10, 1938 Henry Ewing Hale called for a group of citizens to discuss opening a “Historical Society of Princeton.” Later the Bainbridge House would be dedicated for this purpose. Previously the house was used once for a meeting of Continental Congress in 1783, a general office and as the Princeton Public Library. The House is actually property of Princeton University and is leased to the Princeton Historical Society for one dollar per year. The house has kept its original staircase, flooring and paneled walls. All together, 70% of the house has been unaltered. Aside from safety features like wheelchair access and electrical work, the house was merely restored to its original look.
During the most stirring events in its history, Princeton was a wide spot in the road; the boundary between Somerset County and Middlesex County ran right through Princeton, along the high road between New York and Philadelphia, now Nassau Street. When Mercer County was formed in 1838, part of West Windsor Township was added to the portion of Montgomery Township which was included in the new county, and made into Princeton Township; the area between the present borough line and the Delaware and Raritan Canal was added to Princeton Township in 1853. Princeton Borough became a separate municipality in 1894.
In the early nineteenth century, New Jersey boroughs had been parish bodies, chartered within existing townships. Princeton Borough received such a charter in 1813, as part of Montgomery and West Windsor Townships; it continued to be part of Princeton Township until the Act of 1894, which required that each township form a single school district; rather than do so, Princeton Borough petitioned to be separated. (The two Princetons now form the Princeton Public Schools.) Two minor boundary changes united the then site of the Princeton Hospital and of the Princeton Regional High School inside the Borough, in 1928 and 1951 respectively.
Princeton is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a six-member Borough Council, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election.
The Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office, serves as the borough's chief executive officer and nominates appointees to various boards and commissions subject to approval of the Borough Council. The Mayor presides at the Borough Council meetings and votes in the case of a tie or a few other specific cases.
The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Council has administrative powers and is the policy-making body of the Borough. The Council approves appointments made by the Mayor. Council Members serve on various boards and committees and act as liaison's to certain Departments, Committees or Boards.
As of 2013[update], the Mayor of Princeton is Liz Lempert, whose term of office ends December 31, 2016. Members of the Princeton Borough Council are Council President Bernard P. Miller (2014), Jo Butler (2014), Jenny Crumiller (2013), Heather Howard (2015), Lance Liverman (2015) and Patrick Simon (2013).
Merger of Borough and Township
On November 8, 2011, the residents of both the Borough of Princeton and the Township of Princeton voted to merge the two municipalities into one. In Princeton Borough 1,385 voted for, 902 voted against while in Princeton Township 3,542 voted for and 604 voted against. Proponents of the merger asserted that when the merger is completed the new municipality of Princeton will save $3.2 million as a result of some scaled down services including layoffs of 15 government workers including 9 police officers (however the measure itself does not mandate such layoffs). Opponents of the measure challenged the findings of report citing cost savings as unsubstantiated, and noted that voter representation would be reduced in a smaller government structure. The consolidation took effect on January 1, 2013.
Federal, state and county representation
Princeton is located in the 12th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, the former Princeton Borough and Princeton Township had both been in the 15th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).
For the 2014-2015 Session, the 16th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Somerville) and in the General Assembly by Jack Ciattarelli (R, Hillsborough Township) and Donna Simon (R, Readington Township).  The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Mercer County is governed by a County Executive who oversees the day-to-day operations of the county and by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders that acts in a legislative capacity, setting policy. As of 2013[update], the County Executive is Brian M. Hughes (D; term ends December 31, 2013, Princeton). Members of the Board of Chosen Freeholders are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the board selects a Freeholder Chair and Vice-Chair from among its members. Mercer County's freeholders are Freeholder Chair John Cimino (D; 2014, Hamilton Township), Freeholder Vice Chair Andrew Koontz (D; 2013, Princeton), Ann M. Cannon (D; 2015, East Windsor Township), Anthony P. Carabelli (D; 2013, Trenton), Pasqual "Pat" Colavita, Jr. (D; 2015, Lawrence Township), Samuel T. Frisby (D; 2015; Trenton) and Lucylle R. S. Walter (D; 2014, Ewing Township) Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Paula Sollami Covello (D, 2015). Sheriff John A. "Jack" Kemler (D, 2014) and Surrogate Dianne Gerofsky (D, 2016).
Like most of the Northeastern United States, Princeton has a humid continental climate, and generally sees cold winters and hot, humid summers. According to Weather.com, the lowest recorded temperature in Princeton was −16 °F (−27 °C) on January 28, 1935, and the highest record temperature was 105 °F (41 °C) on July 9, 1936.
|Climate data for Princeton, NJ|
|Record high °F (°C)||73
|Average high °F (°C)||38.6
|Average low °F (°C)||21.5
|Record low °F (°C)||−16
|Precipitation inches (mm)||3.79
|Source #1: Homefacts.com|
|Source #2: Weather Channel (records)|
Colleges and universities
Princeton University is a dominant feature of the community. Its main campus has its historic center on Nassau Street in the borough and stretches south into the township. Its James Forrestal satellite campus is located in Plainsboro Township, and some playing fields (and half of the University's Lake Carnegie) lie within adjacent West Windsor Township.
Westminster Choir College, the renowned school of music presently owned by Rider University, established in Princeton in 1932. Before establishing in Princeton, the school resided in Dayton, Ohio and then briefly in Ithaca, New York.
Princeton Theological Seminary's academic campus is located in Princeton, and residential housing is located just outside the Township in West Windsor Township.
The Institute for Advanced Study is in the Township and maintains extensive land holdings (the "Institute Woods") there.
Mercer County Community College in West Windsor is the nearest public college to serve Princeton residents.
Primary and secondary schools
The Princeton Public Schools serve students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are four elementary schools — Community Park Elementary School (grades K-5; 321 students), Johnson Park Elementary School (PreK-5; 372), Littlebrook Elementary School (K-5; 335) and Riverside Elementary School (PreK-5; 276) — John Witherspoon Middle School with 664 students in grades 6-8 and Princeton High School with 1,420 students in grades 9-12. The high school is located within the former borough; the other schools are within the former township boundaries. The high school also serves students from Cranbury Township as part of a sending/receiving relationship.
In the early 1990s, redistricting occurred between the Community Park and Johnson Park School districts, as the population within both districts had increased due to residential development. Concerns were also raised about the largely white, wealthy student population attending Johnson Park (JP) and the more racially and economically diverse population at Community Park (CP). As a result of the redistricting, portions of the affluent Western Section neighborhood were redistricted to CP, and portions of the racially and economically diverse John Witherspoon neighborhood were redistricted to JP.
The Princeton Charter School (grades K-8) is located in the township. The school operates under a charter granted by the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Education. The school is a public school that operates independently of the Princeton Regional Schools, and is funded on a per student basis by locally-raised tax revenues.
New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Princeton High School as the 59th-best high school in New Jersey in its 2012 rankings of the "Top Public High Schools" in New Jersey, after being ranked 44th in 2010.
Several private schools are located in Princeton: American Boychoir School, The Lewis School of Princeton, Princeton Day School, Princeton Friends School, Hun School of Princeton, and YingHua International School.
St. Paul Catholic School, (Pre-School to 8th grade) founded in 1878, is the oldest and only coeducational Catholic school, joining Princeton Academy of the Sacred Heart (K-8, all male) and Stuart Country Day School of the Sacred Heart (co-ed for Pre-K, and all female K-12), which operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.
Schools that are outside the town proper but have Princeton mailing addresses include Chapin School and Princeton Junior School in Lawrence Township, the Waldorf School of Princeton (New Jersey's only Waldorf school) and Princeton Montessori School in Montgomery Township, Eden Institute in West Windsor Township, and Princeton Latin Academy in Hopewell.
The Princeton Public Library's current facility was opened in April 2004 as part of the on-going downtown redevelopment project, and replaced a building dating from 1966. The library itself was founded in 1909.
Princeton is roughly equidistant from New York City and Philadelphia. Since the 19th century, it has been connected by rail to both of these cities by the Princeton Branch rail line to the nearby Princeton Junction Station on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor. The Princeton train station was moved from under Blair Hall to a more southerly location on University Place in 1918, and was moved further southeast in 2013. Commuting to New York from Princeton became commonplace after the Second World War. While the Amtrak ride time is similar to New York and to Philadelphia, the commuter-train ride to New York – via New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line — is generally much faster than the equivalent train ride to Philadelphia, which involves a transfer to SEPTA trains in Trenton. New Jersey Transit provides shuttle service between the Princeton and Princeton Junction stations; the train is locally called the "Dinky", and has also been known as the "PJ&B" (for "Princeton Junction and Back"). Two train cars, or sometimes just one, are used.
NJ Transit provides bus service to Trenton on the 606 route and local service on routes 605 and 655. Coach USA Suburban Transit operates frequent daily service to midtown NYC on the 100 route, and weekday rush-hour service to downtown NYC on the 600 route. Princeton and Princeton University provide the FreeB and Tiger Transit local bus services.
The borough has a total of 126.95 miles (204.31 km) of roadways, of which 118.36 miles (190.48 km) are maintained by the municipality, 3.93 miles (6.32 km) by Mercer County, and 8.66 miles (13.94 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Other major roads that are accessible outside the municipality include U.S. Route 1 (in Lawrence, West Windsor & South Brunswick), Interstate 95 (the section north of Trenton) and Interstate 295 (both in Lawrence), and the New Jersey Turnpike (also designated as Interstate 95, east of Trenton). The closest Turnpike exits are Exit 8A in Monroe Township, Exit 8 in East Windsor, and Exit 7A in Robbinsville.
A number of proposed highways around Princeton have been canceled. The Somerset Freeway (Interstate 95) was to pass just outside the municipality before ending in Hopewell (to the south) and Franklin (to the north). This project was canceled in 1980. Route 92 was supposed to remedy the lack of limited-access highways to the greater Princeton area. The road would have started at Route 1 near Ridge Road in South Brunswick and ended at Exit 8A of the Turnpike. However, that project was killed in 2006.
Princeton Airport is a public airport lying 3 miles (5 km) north of Downtown Princeton in Montgomery Township. The private Forrestal Airport was located on Princeton University property, 2 miles (3 km) east of the main campus, from the early 1950s through the early 1990s.
The closest commercial airport is Trenton-Mercer Airport in Ewing Township, about 15 miles (24 km) from the center of Princeton, which is served by Frontier Airlines nonstop to and from 10 points nationwide. Other nearby major airports are Newark Liberty International Airport and Philadelphia International Airport, located 39 miles (63 km) and 52 miles (84 km) away, respectively.
Note: this list does not include people whose only time in Princeton was as a student. Only selected faculty are shown, whose notability extends beyond their field into popular culture. See Faculty and Alumni lists above.
- Svetlana Alliluyeva (1926-2011), daughter of Joseph Stalin, defected to United States and lived in Princeton.
- Trey Anastasio (born 1964), of the band Phish, lived in Princeton with his family and attended Princeton Day School.
- Milton Babbitt (1916-2011), composer and Princeton University professor.
- Molly Bang (born 1943), children's book illustrator, born in Princeton.
- Chris Barron, lead singer of the Spin Doctors.
- Saul Bellow (1915-2005), writer and Princeton University professor.
- Paul Benacerraf (born 1931), philosopher and Princeton University professor.
- Peter Benchley (1940-2006), author & screenwriter, Jaws, The Island, lived and died in Princeton.
- Ben Bernanke (born 1953), Chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve, Princeton University professor.
- Michael Bradley (born 1987), soccer player.
- Avery Brooks (born 1948), actor, singer and educator.
- George Harold Brown (1908–1987), Research Engineer at RCA, lived in Princeton.
- Aaron Burr (1756–1836), Third Vice President of the United States (under Thomas Jefferson); killed Alexander Hamilton in duel, grew up in Princeton and is buried there.
- Aaron Burr, Sr. (1715–1757), co-founder of Princeton University and its second president.
- Sim Cain (born 1963), drummer for Rollins Band, grew up in Princeton.
- Mary Chapin Carpenter (born 1958), country/folk singer, born and grew up in Princeton.
- Frances Folsom Cleveland (1864-1947), First Lady, died in and buried in Princeton.
- Grover Cleveland (1837–1908), 22nd and 24th President of the United States, retired to, died in, and buried in Princeton.
- Ruth Cleveland (1891-1904), daughter of Grover and Frances Cleveland born between Cleveland's two terms in office, who died at age 12 and is buried at Princeton Cemetery.
- Chris Conley (born 1980), lead singer of Saves the Day, born and grew up in Princeton.
- Whitney Darrow, Jr. (1909-1999), New Yorker cartoonist, born in Princeton.
- Freeman Dyson (born 1923), theoretical physicist and fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study.
- Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758), Congregationalist Church theologian and Princeton University's third president.
- Albert Einstein (1879-1955), physicist, fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study.
- T. S. Eliot (1888-1965), author.
- Charles Evered (born 1964), playwright/screenwriter and director, resident of Princeton.
- Henry B. Eyring (born 1933), First Counselor in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and president of Ricks College, born in Princeton.
- Richard Ford (born 1944), writer, taught at Princeton University and has written several books set in a fictionalized Haddam, New Jersey, based in part on Princeton.
- George Gallup (1901-1984), statistician and creator of the Gallup poll, lived and is buried in Princeton.
- George Gallup, Jr. (1930-2011), pollster and author.
- Kurt Gödel (1906-1978), Austrian-American logician, mathematician and philosopher, fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study.
- Michael Graves (born 1934), architect, lives and works in Princeton.
- Ethan Hawke (born 1970), actor.
- Joseph Hewes (1730-1779), signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, born in Princeton.
- Charles Hodge (1797-1878), theologian and Principal of Princeton Theological Seminary.
- Herbert Huffman (1905-1968), musician and choir director, founder of the American Boychoir School.
- Robert Wood Johnson II (1893-1968), Chairman of Johnson & Johnson, and his wife Basia Johnson, lived in Morven.
- George F. Kennan (1904-2005), diplomat, historian, fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study.
- Gina Kolata (born 1948), reporter for The New York Times.
- Paul Krugman (born 1953), Nobel prize winner, economist, professor of economics and international affairs at Princeton University.
- Chang-Rae Lee (born 1965), writer, Princeton University professor.
- Arthur Lithgow (1915-2004), actor, director, educator, and managing director of Princeton's McCarter Theatre.
- John Lithgow (1945), actor, lived in Princeton in his late teens.
- Emily Mann (born 1952), artistic director of Princeton's McCarter Theatre.
- Thomas Mann (1875-1955), author.
- Henry Martin, cartoonist at New Yorker who lived and worked in Princeton.
- Brad Mays (born 1955), filmmaker and stage director, grew up in Princeton and attended Princeton High School.
- John McPhee (born 1931), writer, lives in Princeton.
- Steve "Buddy" Miller (1952), Nashville session musician, grew up in Princeton and attended Princeton High School.
- Toni Morrison (born 1931), author, Nobel Laureate, Princeton University professor.
- Paul Muldoon (born 1951), Irish poet.
- John Forbes Nash, Jr. (born 1928), mathematician, Nobel Prize winner, subject of A Beautiful Mind, Princeton University professor.
- John von Neumann (1903−1957), Hungarian-American mathematician at Princeton University and Institute for Advanced Study.
- Bebe Neuwirth (born 1958), actress, grew up in Princeton.
- Joyce Carol Oates (born 1938), writer, Princeton University professor.
- John O'Hara (1905-1970), writer, lived and is buried in Princeton.
- Charles Smith Olden, governor of New Jersey during the American Civil War, born and buried in Princeton.
- Gregory Olsen (born 1945), entrepreneur, engineer and scientist who, in October 2005, became the third private citizen to make a self-funded trip to the International Space Station.
- J. Robert Oppenheimer theoretical physicist, director of the Institute for Advanced Study.
- Barbara Piasecka Johnson (1937-2013), Polish-born American humanitarian, philanthropist, art connoisseur and collector.
- John Popper, lead singer of the band Blues Traveler, attended Princeton High School.
- Christopher Reeve, actor, grew up in Princeton, attended Princeton Day School
- Paul Robeson, singer, actor, athlete, civil rights activist, born and grew up in Princeton
- Arnold Roth, cartoonist, was a long time Princeton resident.
- Ralph Schoenstein, writer, lived in Princeton up to his death.
- Bill Schroeder, Major League Baseball player for the Milwaukee Brewers and California Angels, Brewers commentator for Fox Sports Wisconsin
- Roger Sessions, composer, Princeton University professor, died in Princeton
- Andrew Shue, actor and professional soccer player, grew up in northern New Jersey with sister, actress Elisabeth Shue, lives in Princeton.
- Michael Showalter, comedian, actor, writer, and director, born in Princeton, attended Princeton High School.
- Barbara Boggs Sigmund, mayor of Princeton.
- Peter Singer, bioethicist, Princeton University professor.
- Tom Snow, musician
- Gennady Spirin, Artist
- Betsey Stockton, educator and missionary, manumitted from slavery and later retired to and died in Princeton.
- John P. Stockton, U.S. Senator from New Jersey, lived in Princeton.
- Richard Stockton (1730-1781), signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, lived in Princeton, buried in Princeton.
- Richard Stockton (1764–1828), U.S. Senator from New Jersey, lived in Princeton.
- Robert Stockton, United States Navy commodore, U.S. Military Governor of California, lived in Princeton.
- Jon Tenney, actor, born and grew up in Princeton.
- Paul Tulane, benefactor and namesake of Tulane University.
- Immanuel Velikovsky, controversial theorist and acquaintance of Albert Einstein.
- Andrew Wiles, mathematician who proved Fermat's Last Theorem, Princeton University professor.
- Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, 13th president of Princeton University and Governor of New Jersey
- John Witherspoon, signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, president of Princeton University.
- Edward Witten, mathematician and physicist, fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study
- Sarah Zelenka, rower at the 2012 Summer Olympics
- Vladimir Zworykin, Russian-American engineer, inventor and television pioneer.
- All of the members of Blues Traveler, as well as Chris Barron (see above) are from Princeton and were high school friends.
- All sitting New Jersey governors since 1945 have had their official residence in Princeton, first at Morven and since 1982 at Drumthwacket, but not all have actually lived in these houses.
Princeton in popular culture
Princeton was the setting of the Academy Award-winning A Beautiful Mind about the schizophrenic mathematician John Nash. It was largely filmed in central New Jersey, including some Princeton locations. However, many scenes of "Princeton" were actually filmed at Fordham University's Rose Hill campus in the Bronx.
The 1994 film I.Q., featuring Meg Ryan, Tim Robbins, and Walter Matthau as Albert Einstein, was also set in Princeton, and was filmed in the area. It includes some geographic stretches, including Matthau looking through a telescope from the roof of "Princeton Hospital" to see Ryan and Robbins' characters kissing on the Princeton Battlefield.
Historical films which used Princeton as a setting but were not filmed there include Wilson, a 1944 biographical film about Woodrow Wilson.
In his 1989 independent feature film Stage Fright, independent filmmaker Brad Mays shot a drama class scene in the Princeton High School auditorium, using PHS students as extras. On October 18, 2013, Mays' feature documentary I Grew Up in Princeton had its premiere showing at Princeton High School. The film, described in one Princeton newspaper as a "deeply personal 'coming-of-age story' that yields perspective on the role of perception in a town that was split racially, economically and sociologically", is a portrayal of life in the venerable university town during the tumultuous period of the late sixties through the early seventies.
Scenes from the beginning of "Across the Universe" (2007) were filmed on the Princeton University campus.
Parts of Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen were filmed in Princeton. Megan Fox and Shia LaBeouf were filming on Princeton University campus for two days during the summer of 2008.
Scenes from the 2008 movie The Happening were filmed in Princeton.
In the movie Toy Story 3, it is inferred from his computer screensaver and "Go Tiger" pennants in his room that Andy is going to Princeton.
TV and radio
The 1938 Orson Welles radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds, is set partly in nearby Grover's Mill, and includes a fictional professor from Princeton University as a main character, but the action never moves directly into Princeton.
The TV show House was set in Princeton, at the fictional Princeton-Plainsboro Teaching Hospital, and establishing shots for the hospital display the Frist Campus Center of Princeton University. The actual University Medical Center of Princeton at Plainsboro opened on May 22, 2012, exactly one day after the finale of House aired.
The 1980 television miniseries Oppenheimer is partly set in Princeton.
Princeton University's Creative Writing program includes several nationally and internationally prominent writers, making the community a hub of contemporary literature.
Many of Richard Ford's novels are set in Haddam, New Jersey, a fictionalized Princeton.
Points of interest
- American Boychoir School
- The D&R Canal State Park including Turning Basin Park
- Forrestal Village
- Herrontown Woods Arboretum
- Hoagie Haven
- Hun School of Princeton
- Institute for Advanced Study and Institute Woods
- Lake Carnegie
- Marquand Park
- McCarter Theatre
- Maybury Hill
- Nassau Hall
- Palmer Square
- Princeton Battlefield State Park
- Princeton Cemetery
- Princeton Day School
- Princeton High School
- Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
- Princeton Record Exchange
- Princeton Theological Seminary
- Princeton University
- Princeton University Art Museum
- Princeton University Chapel
- Stony Brook Meeting House and Cemetery
- Stuart Country Day School of the Sacred Heart
- The Washington Oak
- Westminster Choir College
|Capital of the United States of America
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- "Student orchestra to perform Italian music in Princeton", The Star-Ledger, June 4, 2010.
- Martin, Douglas. "Lana Peters, Stalin’s Daughter, Dies at 85", The New York Times, November 28, 2011. Accessed July 30, 2013. "Settling in Princeton, N.J., Ms. Alliluyeva made a public show of burning her Soviet passport, saying she would never return to the Soviet Union."
- Morse, Steve. "Twenty years later, Phish still moves against the current; Band's creativity thrives outside pop's boundaries", The Boston Globe, November 30, 2003. Accessed July 30, 2013. "The next summer they painted houses around Princeton, N.J., (where Anastasio grew up) and made enough money to go to Europe and play street music."
- Kozinn, Allan. "Milton Babbitt, a Composer Who Gloried in Complexity, Dies at 94", The New York Times, January 29, 2011. Accessed July 30, 2013. "Milton Babbitt, an influential composer, theorist and teacher who wrote music that was intensely rational and for many listeners impenetrably abstruse, died on Saturday. He was 94 and lived in Princeton, N.J."
- Biographical Notes, Molly Bang. Accessed July 30, 2013. "I was born in Princeton, New Jersey 1943, the second of three children."
- Staff. "Nightlife / Band of the Week: Chris Barron", The Press of Atlantic City, March 26, 2009. Accessed August 21, 2013. "Barron, who is originally from Princeton, isn't exactly sure how the folks who organize the Cape May SS showcase found him, but he's happy they did."
- Schmitt, Eric. "UPTON SINCLAIR'S PRINCETON HIDEWAY", The New York Times, July 21, 1985. Accessed August 22, 2013. "They now know that Upton Sinclair, the muckraking author of The Jungle and other novels, built the cabin and lived there more than 80 years ago.... Ultimately, Mrs. Bowers would like to restore the cabin and have either Princeton Township or Princeton University maintain it, an idea suggested by John McPhee, the author, who lives in Princeton.... Alfred Bush, a curator in the rare books department of the Princeton University Library, said: 'Thomas Mann, T. S. Eliot and Saul Bellow all lived and wrote here.'"
- Goldberger, Paul. "Architecture's '5' Make Their Ideas Felt", The New York Times, November 26, 1973. Accessed August 22, 2013. ""Michael Graves design for an addition to a house for Prof. and Mrs. Paul Benacerraf, Princeton, N.J."
- Scott, Gale T. "JERSEYANA; Where They Give a Dog A Heap of Socialization", The New York Times, October 27, 2002. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Parent-patrons here include Wall Street brokers, local judges, authors (most prominently, Peter Benchley, who lives in Princeton), housewives and grocery clerks, Ms. Lini said."
- Fensom, Michael J. "U.S. Soccer vs. Ecuador: Michael Bradley moves on after his father's dismissal", The Star-Ledger, October 11, 2011. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Having already positioned players to take Bradley’s place, Mönchengladbach told the Princeton native he would not have a spot on the team if he returned."
- via Associated Press. "'Star Trek' actor Brooks charged with DUI in Conn.", The Seattle Times, February 3, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Avery Brooks is set to be arraigned in state court in Norwalk next week in connection with his arrest last weekend in Wilton, a wealthy suburb about 50 miles northeast of Manhattan.... Local police say they pulled over the 63-year-old Princeton, N.J., resident shortly after 10 p.m. Sunday after receiving a complaint about his driving."
- Staff. "Dr. George H. Brown; Led Research at RCA", The New York Times, December 13, 1987. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Dr. George H. Brown, former executive vice president for research and engineering at the RCA Corporation who led the company's development of color television, died Friday at the Princeton (N.J.) Medical Center after a long illness. He was 79 years old and lived in Princeton."
- http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FB0B16F63A5C1A7A93C3A81783D85F408785F9 "Burr Portrait Highlight of Newark Show"], The New York Times, August 11, 1974. Accessed August 22, 2013. "He spent most of his boyhood in Princeton, where his father was president of the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University."
- Belcher, David. "A Storyteller Back at Her Craft", The New York Times, May 10, 2010. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Ms. Carpenter, who was born in Princeton, N.J., and graduated from Brown, became a Nashville darling in 1989 with her second album, “State of the Heart” (CBS/Columbia), which spawned the hits “Never Had It So Good” and “Quittin’ Time,” which became staples of mainstream country radio and two-step dance halls."
- Frances Cleveland, National First Ladies' Library. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Following her permanent departure from the White House in 1897, she joined the former President and their children in creating a new life in Princeton, New Jersey for what was the second period of her life s a former First Lady."
- Staff. "RUTH CLEVELAND DEAD.; Eldest Child of ex-President Cleveland Dies Suddenly at Princeton Home.", The New York Times, January 8, 1904. Accessed October 12, 2013.
- Fiorletta, Alicia. "Interview with Chris Conley from Saves The Day: Breaking Through, Moving Forward", The Aquarian Weekly, November 9, 2011. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Chris Conley, singer, guitarist and lyricist for Saves The Day, particularly remembers his upbringing in Princeton, NJ, as a time of personal growth and musical discovery."
- Gussow, Mel. "Whitney Darrow Jr., 89, Gentle Satirist of Modern Life, Dies", The New York Times, August 12, 1999. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Mr. Darrow was born in Princeton, N.J., where his father was one of the founders of the Princeton University Press."
- Dawidoff, Nicholas. "The Civil Heretic", The New York Times, March 25, 2009. Accessed October 12, 2003. "FOR MORE THAN HALF A CENTURY the eminent physicist Freeman Dyson has quietly resided in Princeton, N.J., on the wooded former farmland that is home to his employer, the Institute for Advanced Study, this country’s most rarefied community of scholars."
- Nichols, Heidi L. "Those Exceptional Edwards Women; Jonathan spent his life surrounded by beautiful women, and it showed.", Christian History, Issue 77. Accessed August 22, 2013. "When Jonathan Edwards was about to die, he dictated his final words to his daughter Lucy. His thoughtswere of his wife, Sarah, who had not yet joined him at their new home in Princeton, New Jersey, where he had just become college president."
- Blackwell, Jon. "1933: The genius next door", The Trentonian. Accessed October 12, 2013. "From the moment Albert Einstein arrived in Princeton in 1933, a shaggy, sweater-wearing genius with a pipe in one hand and a sheaf of papers in the other, stories like the one about the girl's homework got a good laugh. And the amazing thing is, they were true."
- Fowler, Linda. "Charles Evered has a Wonderful Life", Inside Jersey, September 2011. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Content when he’s surrounded by history, Evered, a native Jerseyan, lives in a townhouse in Colonial-era Princeton Township with his wife, actress Wendy Rolfe Evered, and their kids, Margaret and John; they like to call it Olympic Village because of the diversity of its residents."
- President Henry B. Eyring, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Accessed October 12, 2013. "Born in Princeton, New Jersey, on May 31, 1933, he has served the Church as a regional representative, a member of the general Sunday School board, and a bishop."
- McGrath, Charles. "A New Jersey State of Mind", The New York Times, October 25, 2006. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Mr. Ford, who was born and reared in Mississippi, discovered the Jersey Shore in the late 1970’s, when he and his wife were living in Princeton, where he had a teaching job."
- George Gallup, 1901-1984 Founder, The Gallup Organization. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Dr. Gallup founded the American Institute of Public Opinion, the precursor of The Gallup Organization, in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1935."
- Zernike, Kate. "George Gallup Jr., of Polling Family, Dies at 81", The New York Times, November 22, 2011. Accessed November 2, 2013. "George Gallup Jr., who led the firm that his father made all but synonymous with polling and expanded it to become a barometer of Americans’ views on religion as well as their political attitudes, died on Monday in Princeton, N.J. He was 81 and lived in Princeton."
- Gödel, Kurt; and Feferman, Solomon. Kurt Gödel: Collected Works: Volume III: Unpublished Essays and Lectures, p. 5. Oxford University Press, 1995. ISBN 9780195147209. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Photographs of the Godel home in Princeton at 145 Linden Lane."
- Bear, Rob. "Dwell Takes a Look Inside Michael Graves' Princeton Home", Curbed, April 23, 2012. Accessed November 2, 2013. "The architect and industrial designer Michael Graves was walking one Sunday with his daughter, when he spotted a 'a ruin in Princeton, N.J.,' that was, in fact, an abandoned warehouse built and once used by the Italian masons brought in to build the stone dormitories at Princeton University. Graves transformed The Warehouse, as it is now known, into a magnificent home for himself and his family."
- Dutka, Elaine. The Acting Bug Bites Ethan Hawke", The Los Angeles Times, February 20, 1994. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Acting was a refuge for this self-described 'terrible student,' a way to get out in the world for a kid who couldn't wait for life to start. Hawke's family eventually moved to Princeton, N.J., where, as a 13-year-old, he made his stage debut in the McCarter Theater's production of St. Joan."
- Elliott, Khristine. "Historical Ties", Battle Creek Enquirer, July 4, 2003. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Joseph Hewes isn't one of the most well-known signers of the Declaration of Independence, but he's got a built-in fan base in Calhoun, Branch and Barry counties.... Born in Princeton, NJ, in 1730, he went on to graduate from Princeton College."
- Anderson, Robert W. "A Short Biography of Charles Hodge", WRS Journal 4/2 (August 1997) 9-13, Western Reformed University. Accessed November 2, 2013. "His son and biographer, A. A. Hodge, recorded that he 'reached his home, in Princeton, about the 18th of September 1828 WHERE THERE WAS JOY.' His son, then being five years of age, added that this was “the first abiding image of his father.'"
- Gardner, Joel R.; and Harrison, Andrew R. "The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: The Early Years", The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Accessed November 2, 2013. "They moved into Bellevue, an estate in Highland Park, and their son, Robert Wood Johnson III, was born in 1920. While living in Highland Park, Johnson became involved inlocal politics and served a term as mayor while he was still in his twenties. His marriage broke up in 1930, and his wife and child remained at Bellevue, while he relocated with his new wife, Margaret, to Morven, in Princeton, which later became the governor’s mansion."
- Weiner, Tim; and Crossette, Barbara. "George F. Kennan Dies at 101; Leading Strategist of Cold War", The New York Times, March 18, 2005. Accessed November 2, 2013. "George F. Kennan, the American diplomat who did more than any other envoy of his generation to shape United States policy during the cold war, died on Thursday night in Princeton, N.J. He was 101."
- Staff. "Ask a Reporter: Gina Kolata", The New York Times. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Ms. Kolata is married and has two children. She lives in Princeton, N.J."
- Staff. "Paul Krugman's Solution to Getting Fiscal Stimulus? It Involves Aliens", PBS NewsHour, June 18, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2013. "The easy economics, Krugman told us at his home in Princeton, is that government should spend to goose the economy, because the private sector, for various reasons, simply won't."
- McGrath, Charles. "Deep In Suburbia", The New York Times, February 29, 2004. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Lee now lives, with his wife and two young daughters, in Princeton, N.J. -- just a stone's throw, not accidentally, from a golf course."
- Staff. "Lessons From John Lithgow's Onstage 'Education'", NPR, December 5, 2011. Accessed November 2, 2013. "You have just made a huge splash on Broadway, just won your first Tony Award, gone on to success that your father could never have dreamed, in fact you never really thought possible, a repertory actor. And at the same time you are living at his home in Princeton, and he has just been fired."
- Ouzounian, Richard . "Shameless lunacy; John Lithgow wild and crazy in Dirty Rotten Scoundrels Actor has loosened with time, writes Richard Ouzounian", Toronto Star, April 11, 2005. Accessed November 2, 2013. "Lithgow travelled constantly during the first 16 years of his life thanks to his father's vagabond thespian activities, finally settling down in Princeton, NJ when his dad became head of the university theatre there."
- Plump, Wendy. "Emily Mann’s McCarter Magic", Princeton magazine. Accessed November 30, 2013. "This is the setting recently encountered at Emily Mann’s Mercer Street home in Princeton: A warm kitchen on a cold winter morning; staffers from McCarter Theatre filling bowls with fruit and setting out muffins; the playwright herself over in a corner wrestling an espresso machine into submission."
- Leitch, Alexander. "Mann, Thomas", from A Princeton Companion, Princeton University Press (1978). Accessed November 30, 2013. "During their stay in Princeton Mr. and Mrs. Mann lived in the red brick Georgian house at the corner of Stockton Street and Library Place. Here, working three or four hours every morning, seven days a week, he completed Lotte in Weimar and started the fourth volume of the Joseph tales."
- Staff. "Cartoonist Henry Martin donates art, books", News at Princeton, April 7, 2010. Accessed November 30, 2013. "The cartoonist Henry Martin, a 1948 graduate of Princeton University, has donated nearly 700 original drawings along with some of his humor books to the Princeton University Library.... Martin, a longtime Princeton resident, continues to draw a cartoon for the Office of Development each November."
- Hessler, Peter. "John McPhee, The Art of Nonfiction No. 3", The Paris Review, Spring 2010, No. 192 .accessed November 30, 2013. "John Angus McPhee was born in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1931, attended college in his hometown, and still lives there today."
- Dougherty, Steve. "In Nashville, the Buddy System", The Wall Street Journal, February 21, 2013. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Mr. Miller, an Air Force brat who was born in Ohio and grew up in Maryland and Princeton, N.J., where he attended high school, sees no contradiction between his Yankee roots and his love for country music."
- Abel, David. "Romney apologizes for use of expression; To some, `tar baby' is racial pejorative", The Boston Globe, July 31, 2006. Accessed November 30, 2013. "In 1981, author Toni Morrison published a novel titled ``Tar Baby," and she has compared the expression to other racial epithets.... Reached at her home near Princeton University, where she teaches, Morrison called the expression 'antiquated' and one that's 'attractive to some people, when they begin to search for hints of racism.'"
- Als, Hilton. "Ghosts in the House", The New Yorker, October 27, 2003. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Morrison owns a home in Princeton, where she founded the Princeton Atelier."
- Pristin, Terry. "NEW JERSEY DAILY BRIEFING; Princeton Poet Wins Prize", The New York Times, October 2, 1997. Accessed August 22, 2013. "Mr. Muldoon, who lives in Princeton Township, has won numerous prizes for his work, including the T. S. Eliot Poetry Prize and the Irish Literature Prize."
- A Brilliant Madness Transcript, American Experience. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Narrator: John Nash lives in Princeton with Alicia and their son Johnny, who is also a mathematician and suffers from schizophrenia."
- Scott, Debra. "Bebe Neuwirth: Close-up on Bebe Neuwirth -- Green Card is her first big movie role", Entertainment Weekly, December 21, 1990. Accessed November 30, 2013. "When director Peter Weir's film Green Card opens this week, the Princeton, N.J.-born, bicoastal actress, who is married to actor-director Paul Dorman, may get her wish again."
- Nutt, Amy Ellis. "Joyce Carol Oates: Princeton's 'dark lady of fiction' comes shining", The Star-Ledger, March 15, 2010. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Sitting in her bucolic backyard in Princeton, Joyce Carol Oates shimmers with a kind of delicate intensity."
- Staff. "John O'Hara Buried in Princeton Rites", The New York Times, April 17, 1970. Accessed November 30, 2013. "PRINCETON, N.J., April 16 John O'Hara, the novelist, was buried here today after a funeral service in the Princeton University Chapel. Mr. O'Hara had lived here since 1953."
- George, Jason. "From a C Student to a Celestial Traveler", The New York Times, May 16, 2004. Accessed December 14, 2013. "'I want to share the experience with school groups, especially in the inner cities and more remote areas,' Mr. Olsen, who lives in Princeton, N.J., said recently by telephone and e-mail from Star City, Russia, where he began training last month."
- Tagliabue, John. "A U.S. Angel With Millions Helps Walesa", The New York Times, June 11, 1989. Accessed August 22, 2013. "On June 1, the Solidarity leader signed a letter of intent with Czeslaw Tolwinski, the director of the big Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, and Barbara Piasecka Johnson, a Polish-born American heiress who lives in Princeton, to create a shipbuilding company."
- Immanuel Velikovsky Papers entry, Princeton University Library.
- "Sarah Zelenka". usrowing.org. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
- Thomas, Robert McG., Jr. "VLADIMIR ZWORYKIN, TELEVISION PIONEER, DIES AT 92", The New York Times, August 1, 1982. Accessed July 30, 2013. "Dr. Vladimir Kosma Zworykin, a Russian-born scientist whose achievements were pivotal to the development of television, died Thursday at the Princeton (N.J.) Medical Center. He was 92 years old and lived in Princeton."
- University Medical Center of Princeton at Plainsboro Welcomes First Patients to New Hospital
- Altmann, Jennifer Greenstein (October 11, 2004). "Oates chooses fresh identity but familiar setting for novel". Princeton Weekly Bulletin (Princeton University). Retrieved September 18, 2008.
- Clark, Ronald W. (1971) Einstein: The Life and Times. ISBN 0-380-44123-3
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Princeton, New Jersey.|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Princeton, New Jersey.|
- Official website
- Princeton Regional Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Princeton Township Municipal Web Site (Government)
- The Princeton Packet (Local Newspaper)
- Princeton Online (Local Online Community)
- Princeton Public Schools
- Princeton Regional Schools's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Princeton Regional Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- "Princeton". The American Cyclopædia. 1879.