|Born||Marcus Simon Sarjeant
1964 (age 50–51)
|Known for||1981 Trooping the Colour ceremony incident|
Sarjeant, who was from Capel-le-Ferne, near Folkestone, Kent, went to Astor Secondary School in Dover. He was a member of the Scouts, becoming local patrol leader before leaving to join the Air Training Corps in 1978. In the ATC, Sarjeant won a marksman's badge, and he owned an air rifle. After leaving school in May 1980 with seven CSE passes, Sarjeant applied to join the Royal Marines but could not accept the discipline and left after three months, claiming that officers bullied him. He also tried to join the Army but stayed only for two days of an induction course.
After failed applications to join the police and the fire service he worked at a zoo and at an arts centre in Folkestone. Under the Youth Training Scheme he worked at a youth centre in Hawkinge. Friends reported that in October 1980 Sarjeant joined the Anti Royalist Movement. At the time of his attack on the Queen he was unemployed and living with his mother (his father was working abroad).
He tried unsuccessfully to find ammunition for his father's .455 revolver, and to get a gun licence of his own; he joined a local gun club. Through mail order he paid £66.90 for two blank-firing replica Python revolvers. In the run-up to the annual Trooping the Colour ceremony, Sarjeant sent letters to two magazines, one of which included a picture of him with his father's gun. He also sent a letter to Buckingham Palace which read "Your Majesty. Don't go to the Trooping the Colour ceremony because there is an assassin set up to kill you, waiting just outside the palace". The letter arrived on 16 June.
On 13 June 1981, Sarjeant joined the crowds for Trooping the Colour, finding a spot near the junction between The Mall and Horseguards Avenue. When the Queen came past riding her 19-year-old horse Burmese, Sarjeant quickly fired six shots from his starting revolver. The horse was momentarily startled but the Queen brought her under control; she was unharmed. Lance Corporal Galloway (Scots Guards), Police Sergeant John Woodcock and John Heaseman (St John Ambulance) quickly reacted and subdued Sarjeant, who told them "I wanted to be famous. I wanted to be a somebody".
The attack happened fifteen minutes after the Queen's departure from Buckingham Palace. Immediately, the Sovereign's Escort was ordered by the Gold Stick in Waiting to "close up" around Her Majesty. The Queen regained control of her mount, and continued to Horse Guards Parade.
In questioning, Sarjeant said he had been inspired by the assassination of John Lennon in December 1980, and the attempts on the life of President Ronald Reagan and Pope John Paul II. In particular he noted the ease with which Mark David Chapman had become famous after killing John Lennon. A friend said that at the time of John Hinckley, Jr.'s attempt on the life of President Reagan, Sarjeant had said "I would like to be the first one to take a pot shot at the Queen". The police found that Sarjeant had written "I am going to stun and mystify the world. I will become the most famous teenager in the world." Investigations by psychiatrists found that Sarjeant did not have any abnormalities within the Mental Health Act.
Sarjeant became the first person since 1966 to be prosecuted under the Treason Act 1842, and was brought to trial before the Lord Chief Justice, Lord Lane, on 14 September 1981. He was charged with an offence under Section Two of the Treason Act in that he "wilfully discharged at or near Her Majesty the Queen a gun with the intent to alarm or distress Her Majesty." Sarjeant pleaded guilty, and Lord Lane, sentencing him to five years' imprisonment, said that "the public sense of outrage must be marked. You must be punished for the wicked thing you did". Sarjeant appealed against the length of the sentence but the appeal was refused.
- "Treason in the UK: recent cases". BBC. 8 August 2005. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- Tendler, Stewart (15 September 1981). "The teenager who wanted fame". The Times (61033) (London). p. 30.
- Stewart Tendler, "The Queen's safety is being reviewed", The Times, 15 June 1981, p. 1.
- "13 June 1981: Queen shot at by youth". BBC. 13 June 1981. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- Stewart Tendler, "Treason case youth jailed five years", The Times, 15 September 1981, p. 1.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY". BBC News. 14 September 1981.
- Tendler, Stewart (15 September 1981). "Treason case youth jailed for five years". The Times (61033) (London). p. 1.
- "Fake Assault Nets Man Five Years". Lodi News-Sentinel. UPI. 15 September 1981. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
- "No Appeal For Queen's Attacker", The Times, 3 February 1982, p. 5.
- "Parole decision on youth who alarmed Queen", The Times, 9 May 1983, p. 3.