Milverton, Somerset

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Coordinates: 51°01′20″N 3°14′56″W / 51.0221°N 3.2489°W / 51.0221; -3.2489

Milverton
Reddish stone building with square tower. In the foreground are a cross and lamppost.
Church of St Michael, Milverton
Milverton is located in Somerset
Milverton
Milverton
 Milverton shown within Somerset
Population 1,438 [1]
OS grid reference ST125255
District Taunton Deane
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TAUNTON
Postcode district TA4
Dialling code 01823
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Taunton Deane
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Milverton is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated in the valley of the River Tone 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Taunton in the Taunton Deane district. The village has a population of 1,438.[1] The parish includes the hamlet of Preston Bowyer.

It has one public house, The Globe (The White Hart public house closed in March 2008), a convenience store, a piano dealership and workshop, a post office and a hairdresser.

History[edit]

The name of the village is believed to come from the Old English and mean settlement at the mill ford. There is evidence of a mill within the parish from the Domesday Book of 1086.[2] These referred to the site of the Town Mills on Hillfarrence Brook.[3]

Neolithic flint arrowheads have been found to the west of the village and Bronze age axe heads were discovered when the bypass, which opened in 1975, was being built.[3]

Just before the Norman Conquest Milverton was granted by Edith of Wessex to Bishop Gisa of Wells Cathedral, but this was reversed by William the Conqueror. The manor was then united with Torrington in Devon passing in 1212 to William Briwere.[3] The parish was part of the Milverton Hundred,[4]

The Old House is a Grade II* listed building dating from the late 14th and early 15th century.[5] It was built as a residence for the archdeacon of Taunton and was once the home of Thomas Cranmer.[6][7] While the house was being renovated in the early 21st century a Tudor wall painting of Henry VIII was discovered underneath the plaster and is the only one of its kind in a domestic dwelling.[8] It has been speculated that there is a secret message in the image.,[9] which has been dated to around 1541.[10]

In 1708 there was a fire which destroyed 13 properties.[2] Trade was largely based on cloth manufacture and in 1819 Lamech Swift established a silk throwing factory which employed up to 300 women and children.[3]

The village used to have a station on the Devon and Somerset Railway, which closed in 1966.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of Taunton Deane, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wellington Rural District.[11] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Taunton Deane county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of St Michael dates from the 13th century, on the site of an even earlier chapel, and has been designated as a Grade I listed building.[12]

Notable residents[edit]

It was the birthplace, in 1773, of Thomas Young, an English polymath who contributed to the scientific understanding of vision, light, solid mechanics, energy, physiology, and Egyptology.

John Francis Ebdon (1876 — 1952) was an English cricketer was also born in the village. Another cricketer, Australian-born Herbert Oxley Hopkins (1895–1972) died in the village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Gathercole, Clare. "Milverton". The Somerset Urban Archaeological Survey. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 2010-02-02. 
  3. ^ a b c d Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press Ltd. p. 145. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  4. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "The Old House". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "'Significant' Tudor painting discovered". University of Bristol. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  7. ^ "Mural of King Henry VIII uncovered in Somerset". BBC. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "Every inch a king". Society for the protection of ancient buildings. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  9. ^ Carroll, Su (30 May 2013). "Hidden heritage is in the spotlight for Secret Homes series". Western Morning News. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  10. ^ Hughes, Bettany (7 June 2013). "Bettany Hughes' new series Britain’s Secret Homes unearths properties around the country with a story to tell". Telegraph. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "Wellington RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Church of St Michael". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 

External links[edit]