Mirza Abolhassan Khan Ilchi

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Mirza Abolhassan Khan Ilchi
Mirza Abu'l Hassan Khan by Thomas Lawrence, 1810 - Fogg Art Museum - DSC02319.JPG
Iranian Ambassador to the United kingdom
In office
1809–1810
Monarch Fath-Ali Shah Qajar
Preceded by Office re-created
Succeeded by Muhsin Khan Mushir od-Dowleh
Iranian Ambassador to Russia
In office
1815–1816
Monarch Fath-Ali Shah Qajar
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Unknown
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1823–1834
Monarch Fath-Ali Shah Qajar
Preceded by Nishat Isfahani
Succeeded by Mirza Ali Farahani
In office
1838–1845
Monarch Mohammad Shah Qajar
Preceded by Mirza Mas'ud Khan Ansari
Succeeded by Mirza Mas'ud Khan Ansari
Personal details
Born 1776
Shiraz, Iran
Died 1845
Iran
Relations Family: Qavam family
Father: Mirza Mohammad-Ali
Religion Twelver Shia Islam

Mirza Abolhassan Khan Shirzai Ilchi Kabir (Persian: میرزا ابوالحسن خان شیرازی ایلچی کبیر‎), was an Iranian statesman who served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1823 to 1834, and then again from 1838 until his death in 1845.[1] He also served as the ambassador to Russia and Great Britain.

Family[edit]

Abolhassan was born in 1776 at Shiraz; he was the second son of a certain Mirza Mohammad-Ali, and an unnamed noblewoman, who was the daughter of the prominent prime minister Ebrahim Khan Kalantar, thus making him part of the influential Qavam family.

Exile and return[edit]

During an unknown date, Abolhassan was appointed as the governor of Shushtar. In 1800, however, the family lost much of its power and influence during the downfall of Ebrahim, and thus all members of the family were persecuted by the Iranian government. While many were blinded or killed, some managed to fled. Abolhassan, however, was captured by Iranian troops, and was exiled in his native Shiraz. Abolhassan shortly fled from Shiraz, reaching Basra, where he then took a fleet to Hyderabad in India. He was shortly pardoned, and went back to Iran, where he served Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, and quickly rose to high offices, while assuming many riches.

Later life[edit]

Abolhassan was the first Iranian foreign affairs minister assigned by Fath-Ali Shah. Abolhassan's first task was in London at the court of the British king George III, where Abolhassan gained the title of "Ilchi" (envoy).

Abolhassan was later once again sent to London to learn English, where he was trained by Gore Ouseley, who came to Iran along with Abolhassan as the first British consulate to Iran. Abolhassan and Ouseley soon became close friends. Ouseley later encouraged Abolhassan to join the Free Masons organization in 1810. Abolhassan was the main delegate for Iran in the Gulistan and Turkmenchay treaties. In 1835, Abolhassan sealed himself in the Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine as a protest to Prime Minister Ghaem Magham Farahani. Abolhassan later died in 1845.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keddie, Nikki R. (1999). Qajar Iran and the rise of Reza Khan, 1796-1925. Mazda Publishers. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-56859-084-4. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Office re-created
Iranian Ambassador to the United kingdom
1809-1810
Succeeded by
Muhsin Khan Mushir od-Dowleh
Preceded by
Office created
Iranian Ambassador to Russia
1815-1816
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Nishat Isfahani
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1823-1834
Succeeded by
Mirza Ali Farahani
Preceded by
Mirza Mas'ud Khan Ansari
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1838-1845
Succeeded by
Mirza Mas'ud Khan Ansari