Moirang

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Moirang
small town
Moirang is located in Manipur
Moirang
Moirang
Coordinates: 24°30′N 93°46′E / 24.5°N 93.77°E / 24.5; 93.77Coordinates: 24°30′N 93°46′E / 24.5°N 93.77°E / 24.5; 93.77
Country India
State Manipur
District Bishnupur
Elevation 766 m (2,513 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 16,684
Languages
 • Official Meiteilon (Manipuri)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Moirang is a city and a municipal council in Bishnupur district in the Indian state of Manipur. It is the largest tourist town in Bishnupur District. Moirang is a town situated 45 km south from the state capital Imphal, Manipur.It has an area of 269 km² with a population of 62,187 (BPL Survey) in 67 villages.

Loktak Lake, the biggest fresh water lake in the North East Indian region and Keibul Lamjao National Park are situated in this district. There are 12 Gram Panchayats in this block.

History[edit]

Khamba Thoibi[edit]

Historically, the town of Moirang is famous for the ancient temple of the pre-Hindu deity, Lord Thangjing and the Epic love story of "Khamba Thoibi". In a village name Ngangkhaleikai, the old cloth used by Khamba and Nongban are still preserved.

Powerful clan[edit]

In ancient times, the king of Moirang was considered as the most powerful among the seven clan kings of Manipur. Till the end of Khamba-Thoibi era the Burmese King paid the annual war reparations money to the Moirang King.

World War II and the INA[edit]

During World War II, Moirang was the headquarters of Azad Hind Fauz. Colonel Shaukat Malik of the Indian National Army, (INA) hoisted the Tricolour for the first time on Indian soil on 14 April 1944, in Moirang with the help of Manipuris like Shri Mairembam Koireng Singh and others who were members of the INA. The INA Museum at Moirang displays some wartime relics and photographs.

People[edit]

Mairembam Koireng Singh was the first elected Chief Minister of Manipur. He was elected as Chief Minister of Manipur thrice.

Culture[edit]

The Month long Lai Haraoba festival held between mid May to June originated from Moirang. The graceful Khamba-Thoibi dance also originated here at Moirang.

Geography[edit]

Moirang is located at 24°30′N 93°46′E / 24.5°N 93.77°E / 24.5; 93.77.[1] It has an average elevation of 766 metres (2513 feet).

Tourist places[edit]

  • Indian National Army (INA) complex: Apart from being an ancient suzerainty, Moirang today, is all the more akin to India’s political history. It was on the 14th of April, 1944 that the flag of the Indian National Army (INA) was for the first time hoisted on the Indian Soil of Moirang, about 45 km away from Imphal, the capital of Manipur. The INA Museum at Moirang is a treasure of relics connected with Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's struggle against British imperialism to emancipate the Indian motherland.
  • Loktak lake: The legendary Loktak lake of Manipur is said to be largest fresh water lake in the entire North East. The lake, in fact, has an intrinsic influence on the economy of communities who inhabit the surroundings of the lake by its natural produce like fish and other varieties of vegetables from the greenery around the lake.
  • Sendra Island: Sendra, although a small hillock entangled by the lake-water on all sides is linked with the mainland through a pathway. A tourist-lodge is put up on the hill-top which is equipped with modern amenities including a Cafeteria.
  • Keibul Lamjao National Park: The only floating National Park in the world, on the Loktak Lake is the last natural habitat of the Sangai (Rucervus eldii eldii) the dancing deer of Manipur. A glimpse of the deer in this unique wetland ecosystem is a must for any wildlife enthusiast. Other wildlife to mention a few are: Hog deer, Otter and a host of water fowls and migratory birds can also be sighted during November to March. The forest Department of Manipur maintains watch towers and two rest houses within the park.
  • Phubala: This is another locality with a close affinity to Moirang as well as the lake of Loktak, on the bank of which the place is situated. Boating as well as other water relocated sports are being introduced at Phubala. The story of Phubala Hanuba (an oldman of Phubala) is an episode with terrific humour within the trend of the story of Khamba – Thoibi.

Transports and communication[edit]

Moirang is well connected by Imphal and Churachandpur through NH:-150. Moirang-Kumbi and Moirang-Thanga are the other important district roads which connected to Moirang town.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Moirang had a population of 16,684. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Moirang has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 55%. In Moirang, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Politics[edit]

Moirang is part of Inner Manipur (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

References[edit]