Chandel district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Chandel, India.
Chandel(Chamdil) district
district
Location of Chandel district in Manipur
Location of Chandel district in Manipur
Coordinates: 24°19′N 93°59′E / 24.317°N 93.983°E / 24.317; 93.983Coordinates: 24°19′N 93°59′E / 24.317°N 93.983°E / 24.317; 93.983
Country  India
State Manipur
Headquarters Chandel
Area
 • Total 496 km2 (192 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 144,028
 • Density 21.83/km2 (56.5/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Meiteilon (Manipuri)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-MN-BI
Website churachandpur.nic.in

Chandel district (Pron:/ˌtʃænˈdɛl/) (formerly known as Tengnoupal district) is one of the 9 districts of Manipur state in northeastern India. As of 2011 it is the second least populous district in the state, after Tamenglong.[1]

History[edit]

This district came into existence on 13 May 1974. In 1983, it was renamed as Chandel district. Originally the named Chandel is Chamdil .. taken from the Anal (Pakan) Language meaning 'Cham' = Simple, and 'Dil' = pant (men's Wear).

Geography[edit]

Chandel town is the administrative headquarters of the district. Moreh town, an important trade centre between Manipur and Myanmar is located at the southernmost part of this district.Chakpikarong town is important where the river Chakpi runs in the middle of the town and a business centre in the district, mainly comprises of Anal Tribe.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Chandel one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the three districts in Manipur currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Divisions[edit]

Initially the district comprised 3 sub-divisions: Chandel, Tengnoupal and Chakpikarong. After re-organization, the district currently comprises four sub-divisions: Moreh, Chandel, Chakpikarong and Machi.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Chandel district has a population of 144,028,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia.[3] This gives it a ranking of 602nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 43 inhabitants per square kilometre (110 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.72%.[1] Chandel has a sex ratio of 932 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.85%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken include Anal(Pakan) languages in the Head quarter. Anal Naga tribe is dominant in the district Head Quarter and Aimol, a Sino-Tibetan tongue with less than 2500 speakers, written in the Latin script;[4] and Anal, which is also Sino-Tibetan and spoken by approximately 14 000 Indians, and more in Myanmar (and which should not be confused with the Anus language).[5]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1989, Chandel [originally Tengnoupal district] became home to the Yangoupokpi-Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 185 km2 (71.4 sq mi).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est." 
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aimol: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Anal: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  6. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Manipur". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]