Chandel district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Chandel, India.
Chandel district
district
Location of Chandel district in Manipur
Location of Chandel district in Manipur
Coordinates: 24°19′N 93°59′E / 24.317°N 93.983°E / 24.317; 93.983Coordinates: 24°19′N 93°59′E / 24.317°N 93.983°E / 24.317; 93.983
Country  India
State Manipur
Headquarters Chandel
Area
 • Total 496 km2 (192 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 144,028
 • Density 21.83/km2 (56.5/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Meiteilon (Manipuri)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-MN-BI
Website churachandpur.nic.in

Chandel district (Pron:/ˌtʃænˈdɛl/) (formerly known as Tengnoupal district) is one of the 9 districts of Manipur state in northeastern India. As of 2011 it is the second least populous district in the state, after Tamenglong.[1]

History[edit]

This district came into existence on 13 May 1974. In 1983, it was renamed as Chandel district.

Geography[edit]

Chandel town is the administrative headquarters of the district. Moreh town, an important trade centre between Manipur and Myanmar is located at the southernmost part of this district.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Chandel one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the three districts in Manipur currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Divisions[edit]

Initially the district comprised 3 sub-divisions: Chandel, Tengnoupal and Chakpikarong. After re-organization, the district currently comprises four sub-divisions: Moreh, Chandel, Chakpikarong and Machi.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Chandel district has a population of 144,028,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia.[3] This gives it a ranking of 602nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 43 inhabitants per square kilometre (110 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.72%.[1] Chandel has a sex ratio of 932 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.85%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken include Thadou, widely spoken by majority of the Kuki tribes in the district and Aimol, a Sino-Tibetan tongue with less than 3000 speakers, written in the Latin script;[4] and Anal, which is also Sino-Tibetan and spoken by approximately 14 000 Indians, and more in Myanmar (and which should not be confused with the Anus language).[5]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1989, Chandel [originally Tengnoupal district] became home to the Yangoupokpi-Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 185 km2 (71.4 sq mi).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est." 
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aimol: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Anal: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  6. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Manipur". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]