Senapati district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about It is the 4th largest hill district of Manipur. For the district, see its eponymous headquarters. For Senapati, see Senapati district (disambiguation).
Senapati district
District of Manipur
Location of Senapati district in Manipur
Location of Senapati district in Manipur
Country India
State Manipur
Headquarters Senapati
Tehsils 1. Purul, 2. Paomata, 3. Mao-Maram, 4. Kangpokpi, 5. Saikul, 6. Saitu-Gamphazol [1]
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. 46-Saikul, 2. 47-Karong, 3. 48-Mao, 4. 49-Tadubi, 5. 50-Kangpokpi, 6. 51-Saitu [1]
 • Assembly seats 6
Area
 • Total 3,271 km2 (1,263 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 193,744 [2]
 • Urban 3.86 % [2]
Demographics
 • Literacy 74.13% [2]
 • Sex ratio 959 [2]
Vehicle registration MN03 [3]
Major highways NH-39, AH-2,[4] AH-1[5]
Website Official website

Senapati (Pron:/ˌseɪnəˈpʌti/) is a district of Manipur state in India.

About Senapati District[edit]

The Senapati District is located in the northern part of Manipur. It is bounded on the east by Ukhrul District, on the west by Tamenglong District, on the north by Phek District of Nagaland and on the south by Imphal East District and Imphal West District. The District is at an altitude varying from 1061 m to 1788 m above sea level. The hills run along the north south direction and gradually slope down towards south and meet the Imphal valley.[6]

History[edit]

The Senapati District was earlier known as Manipur North District which came into existence wef 14 November 1969 with its headquarters at Karong. Later the district headquarters was shifted to Senapati on 13 December 1976. The District came to be known as Senapati District wef 15 July 1983.

Geography[edit]

Senapati District is located between 93.29° and 94.15° East Longitude and 24.37° and 25.37° North Latitude and is in the northern part of Manipur state. The District is bounded on the south by Imphal District, on the east by Ukhrul District, on the west by Tamenglong District and on the north by Phek district of Nagaland Nagaland state. The district lies at an altitude between 1061 meter to 1788 meters above sea level.

Hydrology[edit]

The district is under humid subtropical climate. The soil is moderately fertile with clay loam soil with little patches of clay and loam. The temperature ranges from a minimum of 3.4 °C (38.1 °F) to a maximum of 34.1 °C (93.4 °F). The annual rainfall ranges from 670 to 1,450 mm (26.4 to 57.1 in). There are about 110 watersheds each of geographical size ranging from 2,000 to 3,000 hectares (4,900 to 7,400 acres), which are drained finally at about 5 major rivers/streams of different aspects and sources as indicated below:

Economy[edit]

Panorama of Senapati as seen from IMS C.P.Arcade Building as a 360-degree view.

Agriculture[edit]

80% of the land area is covered by forest while the rest 20% are utilized for cultivation. Rice, Maize, Potato, Cabbage and cereals are the major produces of the district. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people and terrace cultivation is generally practice by the people.

A veiw from the top
New Karong

Infrastructure[edit]

Infrastructure facilities numbers
1 Community Development/Tribal Development block 6
2 Autonomous Hill District Council 2
3 Police Station 6
4 Population Served per Police Station 41,212
5 fire Station/Sub-Station 1
6 Vidhan Sabha seat 6
7 Lok Sabha seat Nil
8 Gram Panchayat Nil
9 Assembly Constituencies Comprising Parliamentary Constituency
a Inner Manipur Nil
b Outer Manipur 6
10 Post Office
a Head Office Nil
b Sub-Office 11
c Branch Office 73
d Letter Boxes (excluding those at P.O.) 26
e Village Postmen 89
11 Tele Communication
a Telegraph Offices Nil
b Telephone Exchanges 5
c Combined Offices 9
d Sub-Station 754
e DEL working 751
f P.C.O. 10
g L.D.P.C.O. (VIPs) Connected to VC/GPC on MARR 121
12 Employment
a . Employment Exchange 3
b Registrations 1,019
c Placements Nil
d Applicants on live register 23,145
e Population served per Employment Exchange 82,000
13 . PHED
a Villages fully covered 43
b Partially covered 26
14 Power
a Installed Capacity of Hydro (State owned) 1.30 MW
b Electricity Generated by Hydro (State owned) 0.41 GW·h
c 132/33 kV Sub-station 2
d No. of villages electrified

485

Divisions[edit]

Senapati is the fourth largest district of Manipur within the union of India. Senapati district is under the charge of a Deputy Commissioner cum District Magistrate assisted by a number of other officials including District Supply Officer (FCS), one Assistant Engineer (Dev), one Assistant Election Officer, one Assistant Project Officer and one office Superintendent. The Deputy Commissioner functions as the Additional Development Commissioner, and he is also the ex officio Chairman of the District Rural Development Agency, Senapati.

The district is divided into five subdivisions:

Subdivision Headquarters
1 Mao-Maram Tadubi
2 Paomata Paomata
3 Purul Purul
4 Kangpokpi Kangpokpi
5 Saikul Saikul
6 Saitu-Gamphazol Gamnom Saparmeina.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Senapati district has a population of 354972,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Belize.[8] This gives it a ranking of 565th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 109 inhabitants per square kilometre (280 /sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.16%.[7] Senapati has a sex ratio of 939 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 75%.[7]

Mao Naga, Maram, Thangal, Poumai, Thangal, Zemai, Liangmai, Rongmei(Kabui), Tangkhul, Meetei, Thadou, Nepalese, Vaiphei, Chothe, Chiru, Maring are the major inhabitants of this district.

Roads[edit]

92 km of NH 39 passes through the District from the south end to the north end. Imphal-Tamenglong via Kangpokpi road, Maram-Paren road, Tadubi-Tolloi-Ukhrul road, Maram-Ngari-Kachai road, Karong-Purul-Liyai road, Senapati-Khongdei-Phaibung road are other important roads in the district.

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken include Maola, Maram Poula & Thadou.

Culture[edit]

District is settled by different communities so there are different varieties of festival are celebrated. some of the important festivals are as follows Thounii : The new year cultural festival of Poumai Nagas is celebrated on 5 January to mark cultural resurgence, social interaction, family reunion.

Laonii : The sacred festival of Poumai Nagas is celebrated on completion of paddy transplantation which usually falls in the last forthnight of July. A festival of male sanctification, this is an occasion to interact and renew ties with brothers and sisters.

Chiithuni : The six day annual festival of Mao Nagas celebrated from 25th day of Chuthunikhro (Dec-Jan), meaning ‘feast of dawn’, is an occasion to rejuvenate the cultural heritage of the Mao Nagas.

Saleni : It is a customary festival of Mao Nagas, celebrated in the month of Salekhro (July) on completion of paddy transplantation. The whole menfolk have to purify themselves by taking bath early in the morning in the pond.

Ponghi : The seven day customary festival of Maram Nagas is celebrated on 20th day of Ponghi-kii (July) on completion of paddy transplantation.

Kanghi : The seven day customary festival of Maram Nagas held in the month of Kanghi-kii (December). Wrestling is played during the festival in the Khullakpa’s compound in stark naked to get shy away the devils so as to obviate misfortune and injury.

Tourist places[edit]

Kaubru Mountain

Kaubru Laikha

Kangpokpi second largest town in Senapati district inhibited by mostly Thadou kuki tribe

Mao Gate Oldest hill stations of Manipur lying on the border of Nagaland. Dzükou Valley is situated near by this town.

Saikul

Khrouchi

Shipao Deikulu,Kodom

Barak source Houdu Koide Biisho

The stick took root and sprouted into a Wild Pear Tree and was called "Khyataobii" at Makhel

Makhel"

Shajouba

Tubufii

Taphou

Makhufii - aka Paomata center

Emeshiiphro Reichao Phei

Djiiduri

Place of the Khumei

Kaubru Mountain

This mountain is one of the highest peak in Manipur. People climb the mountain in summer season only. They climb mountain in the group. People say that in mythological day Pandavas were visited here. There is a long cave where people passes through.

Kaubru Laikha

Kaubru Laikha is one of the famous Shiv Temples in Manipur. There will be a herd of people during the time of Shivratri and Kanwad. People say that putted milk on the Koubru Mountain comes here. This temple is situated on the bank of Imphal River. National Highway 39 Passes through here.

References[edit]

External links[edit]