MoveOn.org ad controversy

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The MoveOn.org ad controversy began when the US anti-war liberal advocacy group MoveOn.org published a full-page ad in The New York Times on September 10, 2007 accusing General David H. Petraeus of "cooking the books for the White House". The ad also labeled him "General Betray Us".[1] The organization created the ad in response to Petraeus' Report to Congress on the Situation in Iraq. MoveOn hosted pages on its website about the ad and their reasons behind it from 2007 to June 23, 2010. On June 23, 2010, after President Obama nominated General Petraeus to be the new top U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan (taking over the position from retiring General Stanley McChrystal), MoveOn erased these webpages and any reference to them from its website.[2]

Contents[edit]

Arguments[edit]

The ad[3] argued:

The group later cited the GAO,[4] NIE,[5] and Jones[6] reports published for Congress around the same time as Petraeus' report. USA Today compared the four reports' findings.[7] The New York Times also did so.[8] The group referred to an Associated Press study finding that the civilian death toll in August 2007 was the second highest since the surge began. The study found as well that "monthly death tolls began to decline after the new security plan was launched" and that "Deaths went down in Baghdad during August".[9] The group also referred to a Los Angeles Times article stating that "the U.S. troop increase has had little effect."[10]
  • "Yet the General claims a reduction in violence. That’s because, according to the New York Times, the Pentagon has adopted a bizarre formula for keeping tabs on violence. For example, deaths by car bombs don’t count."
The group later referred to an editorial[11] by liberal columnist Paul Krugman. The Washington Post has stated that Petraeus' report included data about car bombs.[12]
  • "The Washington Post reported that assassinations only count if you're shot in the back of the head -- not the front."
The Washington Post article anonymously quoted a senior intelligence official in Washington commenting on U.S. military data. The official stated that "If a bullet went through the back of the head, it's sectarian" but that "If it went through the front, it's criminal."[13] According to The Washington Post, the MNF-I says that they make no distinction among the possible points of impact on the head.[12]
  • "According to news reports, there have been more civilian deaths and more American soldier deaths in the past three months than in any other summer we’ve been there."
The group later cited an Associated Press story stating that "This year’s U.S. troop buildup has succeeded in bringing violence in Baghdad down from peak levels, but the death toll from sectarian attacks around the country is running nearly double the pace from a year ago." The story also stated that "The U.S. military did not get all the additional American forces into Iraq until June 15, so it would be premature to draw a final statistical picture of the effect of the added troops."[14] The group also cited an NPR article quoting former Army Colonel Doug MacGregor calling Petraeus' statistics "an illusion created by the White House". The article concluded by stating that "So is the surge working? The short answer is that no one can know for certain because statistics only tell a small part of the story."[15]
  • "We'll hear of neighborhoods where violence has decreased. But we won't hear that those neighborhoods have been ethnically cleansed."
The group later cited a Newsweek story stating that "When Gen. David Petraeus goes before Congress next week to report on the progress of the surge, he may cite a decline in insurgent attacks in Baghdad as one marker of success. In fact, part of the reason behind the decline is how far the Shiite militias' cleansing of Baghdad has progressed: they've essentially won."[16]
  • "General Petraeus has actually said American troops will need to stay in Iraq for as long as ten years."
The group later referred to a statement by Democratic Congresswoman Jan Schakowsky.[17] The nonpartisan website Factcheck.org criticized previous ads that state that Petraeus supports leaving troops in Iraq for ten more years[18] because Petraeus had only said, during a BBC News interview, that "the average counter-insurgency is somewhere around a 9- or a 10- year endeavor" in reference to The Troubles in Northern Ireland.[12]

Criticism[edit]

The Washington Post's "Fact Checker" stated that the General's report of "sharply declining Iraqi casualty rates is certainly open to analysis, debate, and challenge" but that "MoveOn.org does not provide adequate factual support for its larger assertion that Petraeus is 'constantly at war with the facts' and is 'cooking the books' for the White House".[12]

Controversies[edit]

Payment controversy[edit]

The New York Times initially charged MoveOn.org $65,000 for the ad using its "standby rate." The Washington Post has stated that the full one-time rate is $142,000 for an ad receiving guaranteed placement on a specific day.[19] Times public editor and Pulitzer Prize-winner Clark Hoyt later stated in an editorial that the organization was mistakenly charged a rate to which it was not entitled under the newspaper's policies.[20] Moveon.org repaid the difference to the Times on September 25, 2007.[21] The New York Post quoted a Times public relations director saying the full one-time rate was $182,000, an additional $40,000 above what has been paid back.[22]

Fox News stated:

Catherine Mathis, vice president of corporate communication at the Times, said she could not discuss specific advertisers, but said the rate for a special advocacy, full-page, black and white, standby ad is $64,575. At that rate, an advertiser can request that an ad run on a specific date, but cannot be guaranteed such placement.[23]

Conservative columnist George Will argued that "the paper made a huge and patently illegal contribution to MoveOn.org's issue advocacy ad." He also stated that "The Times' performance in this matter confirms an axiom: There can be unseemly exposure of mind as well as of body."[24]

Copyright controversy[edit]

Google and MoveOn were accused of selective adherence to trademark law for removing ads from Google Adwords for Maine Senator Susan Collins, citing infringement of MoveOn trademarks.[25] [26] Wired stated on October 15, 2007 that the "left-leaning political advocacy group, MoveOn.org, is backing down" and will allow Google to show the ads. "We don't want to support a policy that denies people freedom of expression," Moveon.org communications director Jennifer Lindenauer said.[27]

Response[edit]

Political response[edit]

Independent Democratic Senator Joe Lieberman, White House Press Secretary Tony Snow, and several Republican Presidential candidates criticized the ad.[1][28] President George W. Bush called the ad "disgusting."[29] Republican Presidential candidate Rudy Giuliani called it "character assassination on an American general who is putting his life at risk."[30] Democratic Senator John Kerry also criticized the ad.[31] Democratic Presidential candidate Joe Biden said on Fox News Sunday, "They went, in that one instance, I think, overboard. But the point they were trying to make was still valid."[32] Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton said on Meet The Press, "I don't condone anything like that, and I have voted against those who would impugn the patriotism and the service of the people who wear the uniform of our country".[33]

Several other Democratic Senators and Representatives distanced themselves from the ad.[34] Democratic Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, who has published a blog statement condemning Petraeus' report, has said "I would have preferred that they not do such an ad."[35] The New York Times has stated that "Democrats acknowledge that the MoveOn advertisement was a distraction and illustrated the difficulties of working with liberal advocacy groups".[36]

Former President Bill Clinton criticized what he called the "disingenuous" "feigned outrage" of the Republicans on CNN's The Situation Room.[37] Minnesota Senatorial candidate Al Franken argued in a Star Tribune editorial "It is, of course, ridiculous that the United States Senate spent a day debating and voting on a resolution condemning an advertisement while our troops remained in Iraq, fighting a war with no end."[38]

Linguist George Lakoff argued that the "ad has raised vital questions that need a thorough and open discussion. The ad worked brilliantly to reveal, via its framing, an essential but previously hidden truth: the Bush Administration and its active supporters have betrayed the trust of the troops and the American people."[39] Liberal blogger Arianna Huffington argued that "Was the MoveOn ad blunt? Yes. Did it go for the jugular? No doubt. But while the way it chose to make its points can be debated, the accuracy of those points cannot."[40] Anti-war activist and Congressional candidate Cindy Sheehan stated that "I have often been critical of MoveOn.org, basically because I feel, for the most part that they support Democrats to the detriment of democracy... The occupation of Iraq is a disaster and I applaud MoveOn for moving a little closer to the true 'anti-war' movement and encourage them to come with us farther."[41]

Council of Foreign Relations fellow Peter Beinart argued that "It is terribly unfortunate that MoveOn.org is essentially calling Petraeus a Republican hack, but it’s the logical result of the position the Bush administration has put him in." Fellow Max Boot accused Moveon.org of "desperate attempts to besmirch one of the most admired soldiers in the entire American armed forces" and argued that the ad will "backfire".[42]

Pete Hegseth, an Iraq War veteran and executive director of Vets for Freedom, published an article in the Weekly Standard calling the ad "utterly shameful." He argued that "It shows contempt for America's military leadership, as well as for the troops who have confidence in him, as our fellow soldiers in Iraq certainly do."[43] Time magazine blogger Joe Klein posted that "It is no small thing to accuse a military man of betraying his country. It is also palpably untrue in this case. Whoever cooked up this ad is guilty of a disgraceful act of malicious puerility." He also posted that "This is a distraction from the main event."[44]

MoveOn.org stood by their ad, stating that the General "offered a twisted version of the truth designed to support prolonging the war" and that "the public needs to know that Petraeus is neither objective nor trustworthy when it comes to assessing progress in Iraq". The organization also stated that the ad had been targeted by a "concerted right-wing smear campaign".[45] The Politico has stated that Moveon.org "welcomes the controversy." Eli Pariser has said, "Sometimes you have to call a spade a spade, even if it’s a respected general".[46] They have since deleted all reference to the ad from their web site.

Legislative response[edit]

On September 20, the Senate passed an amendment by Republican John Cornyn of Texas designed to "strongly condemn personal attacks on the honor and integrity of General Petraeus". All 49 Republican Senators and 22 Democratic Senators voted in support.[47][48] Democratic Presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Chris Dodd voted against the amendment while Barack Obama and Joseph Biden did not vote.[49] Obama issued a statement calling the resolution, put forward by Senator John Cornyn, Republican of Texas, "a stunt. By not casting a vote, I registered my protest against these empty politics."[49] The House passed an amendment to a continuing budget resolution which condemned the ad "in the strongest terms" by a 341-79 vote on September 26.[50][51][52]

Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer of California drafted a similar amendment on September 20. The text condemned the Petraeus ad as well as a 2002 ad[53] attacking then-Senator Max Cleland of Georgia during the 2002 midterm elections and the Swift Vets and POWs for Truth ads attacking John Kerry during the 2004 Presidential election.[54] Democratic Senator Carl Levin of Michigan said, "They're all disgraceful ads and we ought to treat them the same way".[55] The vote was 50-47 in favor, but since 60 votes were required to pass it, the amendment did not carry.[56]

The Washington Post wrote on September 20 that "Democrats blamed the group MoveOn.org for giving moderate Republicans a ready excuse for staying with Bush and for giving Bush and his supporters a way to divert attention away from the war".[57] Eli Pariser, executive director of MoveOn.org Political Action, stated that "It is unconscionable and outrageous that instead of doing the people's work and ending this war, Congress chooses meaningless and distracting gestures.[58]

Popular response[edit]

A Rasmussen Reports survey found that 23% of Americans approve of the ad while 58% disapprove.[59] The Economist stated on September 27 that "the group had raised $500,000 the day the Senate voted, its biggest one-day fundraising total all year. Over four days, in the midst of the row, it took in $1.6m[illion]."[60]

Counter-ads[edit]

Republican presidential candidate Rudy Giuliani ran his own full-page ad[61] in The New York Times on September 14.[62][63][64] Giuliani asked for and received a similar reduced fee as Moveon.org, paying $65,000.[65][66] Conservative nonprofit lobbying organization Freedom's Watch created two video ads in response to MoveOn.org's ad.[67][68][69] On September 24, Freedom's Watch ran a full-page ad[70] in The New York Times attacking Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad—calling him a "terrorist". The ad asserted that Ahmadinejad "has supported attacks on our soldiers and our allies".[71]

Removal[edit]

MoveOn hosted pages on its website about the ad and their reasons behind it from 2007 to June 23, 2010. On June 23, 2010, MoveOn erased these webpages and any reference to them from its website. The change took place in the aftermath of President Obama's nomination of Petraeus to be the new top U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan upon General Stanley McChrystal's retirement. Political blog Weasel Zippers was the first[citation needed] media agent to notice the change.[72] Commentator Jon Bershad of Mediaite stated, "Since MoveOn is an advocacy group with no claims to unbiased content, there’s nothing unethical about scrubbing the site."[2] Commentator Logan Penza of The Moderate Voice criticized the change as a "cover-up" and argued that "[h]ow can a group supposedly dedicated to holding government accountable so obviously seek to avoid any accountability for its own excesses?"[73]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ABC News: Ad Against Petraeus Strikes a Nerve
  2. ^ a b Bershad, Jon (June 24, 2010). "MoveOn.org Removes "General Betray Us" Ad In Response To Petraeus Appointment". Mediaite. Retrieved June 28, 2010. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ [3]
  6. ^ [4]
  7. ^ "Comparing four views on Iraq situation" by Jim Michaels in USA Today on September 9, 2007
  8. ^ The New York Times. September 10, 2007 http://www.nytimes.com/ref/world/20070910_REPORTS_GRAPHIC.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  9. ^ "At least 1,809 Iraqi civilians killed in August" on MSNBC
  10. ^ "Iraqi civilian deaths climb again"
  11. ^ Krugman, Paul (September 7, 2007). "Time to Take a Stand". The New York Times. 
  12. ^ a b c d "General Betray Us?". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Experts Doubt Drop In Violence in Iraq"
  14. ^ "Violence appears to be shifting from Baghdad" on MSNBC
  15. ^ NPR: Statistics the Weapon of Choice in Surge Debate
  16. ^ "Baghdad's New Owners"
  17. ^ TheHill.com - Rep. Schakowsky: Petraeus hints at decade-long Iraq presence
  18. ^ FactCheck.org: Liberal Lobby Lacks Context
  19. ^ "New York Times Says It Violated Policies Over MoveOn Ad", By Howard Kurtz, The Washington Post, September 24, 2007, p. A8
  20. ^ "Betraying Its Own Best Interests", by Clark Hoyt, The New York Times, September 23, 2007
  21. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (September 26, 2007). "MoveOn Pays The Times $77,508 for Ad Cost". The New York Times. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  22. ^ Bureau, CHARLES HURT (September 13, 2007). "Times Gives Lefties A Hefty Discount For 'Betray Us' Ad". New York Post. 
  23. ^ "Pro-Bush Group Airs Ads Denouncing Liberal Anti-Petraeus Ad". Fox News. September 14, 2007. 
  24. ^ "All the Hubris Fit to Print" at RealClearPolitics
  25. ^ "Sen. Susan Collins' Web Ads Run Up Against Google, MoveOn.org". Fox News. October 12, 2007. [dead link]
  26. ^ Google Public Policy Blog: Our advertising policies and political speech
  27. ^ "MoveOn.org Reverses: Allows Critical Ads on Google". Wired. October 15, 2007. [dead link]
  28. ^ Rhee, Foon (September 10, 2007). "Republicans bash MoveOn.org over anti-Petraeus ad". The Boston Globe. 
  29. ^ "MoveOn Unfazed By Furor Over Ad, Washington Post: Liberal Group Presses On Despite Senate Resolution Denouncing Petraeus Ad - CBS News". CBS News. [dead link]
  30. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070916/ap_on_el_pr/giuliani_clinton
  31. ^ "Kerry: MoveOn.org is 'over the top'". CNN. September 10, 2007. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  32. ^ Transcript: Sen. Joe Biden on 'FOX News Sunday'
  33. ^ ‘Meet the Press’ transcript for Sept. 23, 2007
  34. ^ "GOP calls on top Senate Dem to condemn anti-Petraeus ad - CNN.com". CNN. September 10, 2007. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  35. ^ ABC News Transcript of World News with Charles Gibson on September 14
  36. ^ Hulse, Carl (September 22, 2007). "NEWS ANALYSIS; As Bills to End War Stumble in Congress, Partisan Din Swells". The New York Times. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  37. ^ September 28 Video of Bill Clinton on CNN
  38. ^ Al Franken: Hyper (and hypo)critical
  39. ^ "Whose Betrayal?" on the Huffington Post
  40. ^ "Dept. of Misdirection: With Iraq a Disaster, GOP Goes Crazy Over a Newspaper Ad". Huffington Post. March 28, 2008. 
  41. ^ "General Betray-Us and MoveOn.org" in commondreams.org
  42. ^ "CFR Fellows Respond to Iraq Testimony"
  43. ^ "MoveOn.org Calls Petraeus a Traitor"
  44. ^ "Moveon.Infantile"
  45. ^ MoveOn.org Political Action: Democracy in Action
  46. ^ "'Betray Us' ad unites GOP, distracts Dems"
  47. ^ U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote
  48. ^ "Senate Votes to Condemn MoveOn for Ad Attacking General Petraeus". Fox News. September 21, 2007. 
  49. ^ a b "Senate Approves Resolution Denouncing MoveOn.org Ad" in The New York Times on September 21, 2007
  50. ^ Search Results - THOMAS (Library of Congress)
  51. ^ Flaherty, Anne (2007-09-20). "Senate Condemns "General Betray Us" Ad". Associated Press. Retrieved 2007-09-25. 
  52. ^ Marre, Klaus (2007-09-26). "House overwhelmingly condemns MoveOn ad". The Hill. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  53. ^ [5]
  54. ^ The Verbal Senate Record
  55. ^ NPR: Anger over 'Betray Us' Ad Simmers on Hill
  56. ^ U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote
  57. ^ Bacon Jr, Perry (September 21, 2007). "MoveOn Unmoved By Furor Over Ad Targeting Petraeus". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  58. ^ CNN http://www.cnn.com/2007/POLITICS/09/26/petraeus.moveon.ap/index.html |url= missing title (help). [dead link]
  59. ^ Rasmussen Reports: The most comprehensive public opinion coverage ever provided for a mid-term election
  60. ^ "An ad too far" in The Economist
  61. ^ See http://www.nysun.com/pics/62696_main_large.jpg
  62. ^ "Giuliani Plans Full-Page Ad Defending Petraeus". The Washington Post. September 14, 2007. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  63. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (September 14, 2007). "Angered by an Antiwar Ad, Giuliani Seeks Equal Space". The New York Times. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  64. ^ "Rudy Blasts Hillary Again Over MoveOn Ad". CBS News. September 17, 2007. 
  65. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (September 14, 2007). "Giuliani slams Times over anti-Petraeus ad". The Boston Globe. 
  66. ^ Saltonstall, David (September 15, 2007). "General Petraeus ad nets Giuliani big bucks from donors". Daily News (New York). 
  67. ^ Freedom's Watch - Move On
  68. ^ Freedom's Watch - Condemn
  69. ^ "New TV Ad Slams MoveOn.org"
  70. ^ [6]
  71. ^ "'Anti-MoveOn' claims first successes"
  72. ^ [7][dead link]
  73. ^ Penza, Logan (June 24, 2010). "Down the Memory Hole at MoveOn.org". The Moderate Voice. Retrieved June 28, 2010.