National Economic and Development Authority

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National Economic and Development Authority
NEDA.png
Agency overview
Formed 1972 (Presidential Decree No. 107)
Annual budget P1.739 billion (2007)[1]
Agency executive Arsenio Balisacan, Director-General
Website www.neda.gov.ph

The National Economic and Development Authority (Filipino: Pambansang Pangasiwaan sa Kabuhayan at Pagpapaunlad), abbreviated as NEDA, is an independent cabinet-level agency of the Philippine government responsible for economic development and planning. It is headed by the President of the Philippines as chairman of the NEDA board, with the Secretary of Socio-Economic Planning, concurrently NEDA Director-General, as vice-chairman. A number of Cabinet members, the Governor of the Central Bank, the Chairman of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, the Governor of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the Chairman of the Commission on Information and Communications Technology, the Chairman of the Subic-Clark Area Development Corporation, and the National President of the Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines are members of the NEDA Board.

The present Director-General is Dr. Arsenio Balisacan of the University of the Philippines School of Economics.

History[edit]

The NEDA was established in 1973 with Dr. Gerardo Sicat as its first director general. With the exception of Sicat, the Prime Minister of the Philippines was usually the head of the agency before the First People Power Revolution. President Corazon C. Aquino re-organized the NEDA into its present form (see below) and appointed Winnie Monsod as its first director-general after EDSA II.

List of NEDA Director-Generals[edit]

# Name Term Began Term Ended President
Third Republic of the Philippines
? Sixto K. Roxas III 1963 (NEC) 1964 (NEC) Diosdado Macapagal
? Hilarion M. Hinares 1965 (NEC)  ? (NEC) Ferdinand Marcos
Fourth Republic of the Philippines
1 Gerardo Sicat 1970 (NEC)
1973 (NEDA)
1973 (NEC)
1981 (NEDA)
Ferdinand Marcos
2 Placido Mapa, Jr. 1970 (NEC)
1981 (NEDA)
1970 (NEC)
1983 (NEDA)
Ferdinand Marcos
3 Cesar Virata[2] 1983 1984 Ferdinand Marcos
4 Vicente Valdepeñas, Jr. 1984 1986 Ferdinand Marcos
Fifth Republic of the Philippines
5 Winnie Monsod July 22, 1987 1989 Corazon Aquino
6 Jesus Estanislao 1989 1990 Corazon Aquino
7 Cayetano Paderanga, Jr. 1990 June 30, 1992 Corazon Aquino
8 Cielito Habito June 30, 1992 June 30, 1998 Fidel Ramos
9 Felipe Medalla June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Joseph Estrada
10 Dante Canlas January 20, 2001 2002 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
11 Romulo Neri 2002 2005 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
- Augusto Santos (acting) 2005 2006 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
(11) Romulo Neri 2006 2007 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
- Augusto Santos (acting) 2007 July 23, 2008 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
12 Ralph Recto July 23, 2008 August 16, 2009 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
- Augusto Santos (acting) August 16, 2009 June 30, 2010 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
(7) Cayetano Paderanga, Jr. June 30, 2010 May 10, 2012 Benigno Aquino III
13 Arsenio Balisacan May 10, 2012 Present Benigno Aquino III

Legal Bases[edit]

The present form of the NEDA was organized by President Corazon C. Aquino on July 22, 1987 through Executive Order No. 230. It defined the composition of the NEDA Board and the Secretariat and its powers and functions, the powers and functions of the Authority and its committees.[3]

On July 26, 1994, President Fidel V. Ramos signed Memorandum Order No. 222 which reactivated the NEDA Board Executive Committee and mandating that the decisions of the NEDA Board Executive Committee shall be final, executory and binding upon the NEDA Board.[4]

On July 27, 1992, president Ramos signed Republic Act No. 7640, which constituted the Legislative-Executive Development Advisory Committee (LEDAC). The LEDAC serves as a consultative and advisory body to the President as the head of the NEDA and gives advice on certain programs and policies, which are essential to the realization of the goals of national development.[5]

NEDA Board[edit]

The powers and functions of the NEDA reside in the NEDA Board. It is the Philippines' premier social and economic development planning and policy coordinating body. The Board is composed of the President as chairman, the Secretary of Socio-Economic Planning and NEDA Director-General as vice-chairman, and the following as members: the Executive Secretary and the Secretaries of Finance, Trade and Industry, Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources, Public Works and Highways, Budget and Management, Labor and Employment, and Interior and Local Government.

The following have since been added as members to the Board: the Secretaries of Health, Foreign Affairs, and Agrarian Reform (per Memorandum Order No. 164, dated 21 March 1988); the Secretary of Science and Technology (per Memorandum Order No. 235, dated 19 May 1989); and the Secretary of Transportation and Communications (per Memorandum Order No. 321, dated 26 September 1990). In addition, the Secretary of Energy (per Republic Act No. 7638, approved December 9, 1992) and the Governor of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (per Section 124 of Republic Act No. 7653, approved June 14, 1993).

On April 22, 2006, the NEDA Board was reconstituted through Administrative Order No. 148, adding eight new members and replacing five original members.

The currently NEDA Board Members are (as of December 20, 2012):

The Board is assisted by six Cabinet-level inter-agency committees:

  1. Development Budget Coordination Committee (DBCC)
  2. Infrastructure Committee (InfraCom)
  3. Investment Coordination Committee (ICC)
  4. Social Development Committee (SDC)
  5. Committee on Tariff and Related Matters
  6. Regional Development Committee (RDCom)
  7. National Land Use Committee (NLUC).

NEDA Secretariat[edit]

The NEDA Secretariat serves as the research and technical support arm of the NEDA Board. It also provides technical staff support and assistance, including the conduct of studies and formulation of policy measures and other recommendations on the various aspects of development planning and policy formulation, and coordination, evaluation and monitoring of plan implementation. It is headed by a Director-General, with the title of Secretary for Socio-Economic Planning. He is assisted by three deputy directors-general each of whom is responsible for:

  1. National Development Office (NDO):
    1. National Planning and Policy Staff (NPPS)
    2. Agriculture Staff (AS)
    3. Trade, Industry and Utilities Staff (TIUS)
    4. Infrastructure Staff (IS)
    5. Social Development Staff (SDS)
    6. Public Investment Staff (PIS)
  1. Regional Development Office (RDO):
    1. Regional Development Coordination Staff (RDCS)
    2. Project Monitoring Staff (PMS)
    3. Regional Offices (NROs)
  1. CentraI Support Office(CSO):
    1. Management Staff (MS)
    2. Legal Staff (LS)
    3. Administrative Staff (AdS)
    4. Information Technology Coordination Staff (ITCS)
    5. Development Information Staff (DIS)

Other Offices[edit]

  1. The Legislative-Executive Development Advisory Council (LEDAC) Secretariat.
  2. The Scholarship Affairs Secretariat (SAS)
  3. The Legislative Liaison Office (LLO)

Attached Agencies[edit]

  1. Tariff Commission (TC),
  2. Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Center,
  3. Philippine National Volunteer Service Coordinating Agency (PNVSCA),
  4. National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB),
  5. National Statistics Office (NSO),
  6. Statistical Research and Training Center (SRTC), and
  7. Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).

Moreover, the, Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) is attached to the NEDA for policy and program coordination or integration.

References[edit]