Neath (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Neath in Wales.
|Preserved county||West Glamorgan|
|Electorate||57,823 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Neath, Pontardawe|
|Member of Parliament||Peter Hain (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Swansea District|
|Welsh Assembly||South Wales West|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
Neath (Welsh: Castell-nedd) is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election and one Assembly Member by the first past the post system of election.
The Constituency of Neath
The constituency is located in the preserved county of West Glamorgan, Wales. It consists of the electoral wards of: Aberdulais, Allt-wen, Blaengwrach, Bryn-côch North, Bryn-côch South, Cadoxton, Cimla, Crynant, Cwmllynfell, Dyffryn, Glynneath, Godre'r Graig, Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen, Lower Brynamman, Neath East, Neath North, Neath South, Onllwyn, Pelenna, Pontardawe, Resolven, Rhos, Seven Sisters, Tonna, Trebanos, Ystalyfera.
The Neath constituency is a mixture of both industrial and rural communities, running in a north-south strip along the dips, ridges and folded landscape of South Wales. It includes most of the Neath and Dulais valleys, and some of the Upper Swansea Valley as well. The town of Neath is at its southern end and is a medium-sized town which started life as a Roman Nidum.
The constituency boasts historical places of both industrial and natural forms. Neath and the surrounding areas were industrialised very early in Britain's history. Copper smelting was already happening here in the late sixteenth century.
When Neath Abbey (now a magnificent ruin) was founded in 1129, it was the richest of all Welsh monasteries, and in writings of the sixteenth century was described as the 'fairest Abbey of all Wales'. At its height it owned extensive lands and property, from Glamorgan to Somerset; had almost 5,000 sheep, as well as horses and cattle; it owned a ship and a landing-place, and worked mills, fisheries and coal-mines. But it suffered greatly during the many skirmishes between the Welsh and English (or Normans), and by the 1530s had only eight monks left. The ruins date mostly from the late thirteenth century. It has been in turn, a prosperous Abbey, a Jacobean Mansion (painted by Turner), an iron foundry (which explains the Abbey's position in the middle of an industrial area) and now an historical monument.
The constituency was heavily mined and the small communities that grew up around these mines were devastated by the collapse of the mining industry in the 1980s. On the edges of many of these communities there are now "Industrial Villages" springing up, helping to replace the jobs lost by the demise of the mining industry, and so helping to keep young people in these communities.[unreliable source?]
A legacy to Neath's political history is the memorial stone in Victoria Gardens to the 5 Neath citizens killed during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-38.
Members of Parliament
|1918||John Hugh Edwards||Coalition Liberal/Constitutionalist|
|1922||Sir William Jenkins||Labour|
|1945 by-election||D. J. Williams||Labour|
|1991 by-election||Peter Hain||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Neath |
|Plaid Cymru||Alun Llywelyn||7,397||19.9||+2.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Frank Little||5,535||14.9||+0.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Neath|
|Plaid Cymru||Geraint Owen||6,125||17.1||-1.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Sheila Waye||5,112||14.3||+4.8|
|Legalise Cannabis||Pat Tabram||334||0.9||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Neath|
|Plaid Cymru||Alun Llewelyn||6,437||18.4||+10.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Dai Davies||3,335||9.5||+3.2|
|Socialist Alliance||Huw Pudner||483||1.4||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Gerry Brienza||202||0.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Neath|
|Conservative||David R. Adams||3,583||8.7||−6.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Trefor Jones||3,344||8.1||−3.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Frank H. Little||2,597||6.3||+0.9|
|Referendum Party||Peter A. Morris||975||2.4||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Neath|
|Conservative||David R. Adams||6,928||15.2||−0.9|
|Plaid Cymru||Dr Dewi R.Evans||5,145||11.3||+4.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Rev. Michael Phillips||2,467||5.4||−8.6|
|Neath by-election 1991|
|Plaid Cymru||Dewi Evans||8,132||23.3|
|Liberal Democrat||David Lloyd||2,000||5.8|
|Social Democrat||John Warman||1,826||5.3|
|Local Independent Labour||Rhys Jeffreys||1,253||3.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||David Sutch||263||0.8|
|Captain Beany of the Bean Party||Barry Kirk||262||0.7|
Notes and references
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Neath Port Talbot council
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Neath, Neath Port Talbot CBC - candidates Neath
- Neath BBC Election - Neath
- "Welsh Counties". Election 1997. David Boothroyd. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.