Cardiff South and Penarth (UK Parliament constituency)
|Cardiff South and Penarth|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Cardiff South and Penarth in Wales.
|Preserved county||South Glamorgan|
|Electorate||75,175 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Stephen Doughty (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Cardiff South East & part of Barry|
|Welsh Assembly||South Wales Central|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
Cardiff South and Penarth (Welsh: De Caerdydd a Phenarth) is a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is the largest parliamentary constituency in Wales with an electorate of 73,690. It has been consistently held by the Labour Party since its creation, although the Conservative Party mounted a significant challenge in their 1983 landslide.
Cardiff South and Penarth has only had three MPs since it was first created. The first, elected in the 1983 general election, was the former Labour Prime Minister James Callaghan, who secured the seat with only a 2,316 vote majority over Conservative candidate David Tredinnick. Callaghan had previously represented the constituency of Cardiff South East prior to its merger with Penarth in 1983. (Prior to 1983 Penarth had been part of the Barry constituency.) Callaghan had first entered Parliament as MP for the old Cardiff South constituency in the 1945 general election.
The second MP was Alun Michael (Labour and Co-operative Party) who served 25 years in Parliament before announcing his resignation from the House of Commons on 22 October 2012. Michael's affiliation with the Co-operative Party did not appear on ballot papers in the 2010 election because the Electoral Commission ruled that any joint candidates who wanted the names of both their parties included on the ballot paper could not also display the Labour red rose logo. Michael opted to drop the reference to the Co-operative Party but after the election denounced the ruling as "an outrageous piece of incompetence by the Electoral Commission".
Alun Michael was originally elected following James Callaghan's retirement at the 1987 general election' and became Secretary of State for Wales in 1998 - a post he held for only 9 months. Michael held the seat at the 2010 election with a majority of 4,709 following a 6% swing to the Conservatives.
In 2012 Alun Michael was selected by the Labour and Co-operative Parties as their candidate for the election of a Police and Crime Commissioner for the South Wales Police force area and announced he would be standing down from Parliament. He accepted office as Crown Steward and Bailiff of the Chiltern Hundreds on 22 October 2012, thus vacating his seat. Police and Crime Commissioner nominations closed on 19 October 2012 at which point Michael's PCC candidature became official. A writ for a parliamentary by-election in Cardiff South and Penarth was moved on 23 October 2012 for a by-election to be held on 15 November 2012.
Cardiff South and Penarth was viewed as one of the safest Labour seats in Britain but ever since 1997 Alun Michael had seen his majority being progressively eroded. The 2010 general election had continued this trend, with the BBC reporting Labour's vote(17,262) declining by 7.7%, Conservative support (12,553 votes) rising by +4.4%, and Liberal Democrat votes (9,875) rising by +2.4%.
However, in by-election held on 15 November 2012, Labour's decline was reversed - although on a basis of very low turn-out (down 38.2% on the 2010 General Election). Labour's Stephen Doughty succeeded Alun Michael with 9,193 votes, comprising 47.3% of the overall vote. This was an increase (in share-of-the-vote terms) of 8.4% on Michael's 2010 performance. However, in terms of actual votes cast (9,193 compared with 17,262 in 2010), it was Labour's lowest-ever vote in this constituency. Doughty thus became the third MP in the constituency's history.
In the 2012 by-election Conservatives saw their support slide by the identical percentage by which Labour's rose (8.4%) and achieved only 19.9% of the vote (3,859 votes). The Liberal Democrats' support declined by even more than that of their UK Coalition partners (down 11.5%). Plaid Cymru's share of the vote rose to 9.5% (garnering 1,854 votes, up 5.4%). Also performing well in percentage terms were the UKIP with their support rising by 3.1% (to 6.1% of the total). Greens also increased their share of the vote to 4.1% (a rise of 2.9%). Veteran Communist campaigner Robert Griffiths saw his support rise slightly to a 1.1% share of the vote.
This constituency comprises the Cardiff electoral divisions of Butetown, Grangetown, Llanrumney, Rumney, Splott and Trowbridge. It also includes the four Penarth electoral divisions of Stanwell, St Augustines, Plymouth and Cornerswell, and the communities of Sully, Lavernock and Llandough which are in the Vale of Glamorgan County Borough.
Member of Parliament 
Elections in the 2010s 
|Cardiff South and Penarth by-election, 2012|
|Labour Co-op||Stephen Doughty||9,193||47.3||+8.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Bablin Molik||2,103||10.8||−11.5|
|Plaid Cymru||Luke Nicholas||1,854||9.5||+5.3|
|Socialist Labour||Andrew Jordan||235||1.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+8.4|
|General Election 2010: Cardiff South and Penarth|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||17,262||38.9||−7.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Dominic Hannigan||9,875||22.3||+2.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Farida Aslam||1,851||4.2||−1.1|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−6.0|
Elections in the 2000s 
|General Election 2005: Cardiff South and Penarth|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||17,447||47.3||−8.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Gavin Cox||7,529||20.4||+7.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Jason Toby||2,023||5.5||0.0|
|Socialist Alternative||David Bartlett||269||0.7||+0.7|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Catherine Taylor-Dawson||79||0.2||+0.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||4.7|
|General Election 2001: Cardiff South and Penarth|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||20,094||56.2||+2.8|
|Conservative||Maureen Kelly Owen||7,807||21.8||+1.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Rodney Berman||4,572||12.8||+3.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Lila Haines||1,983||5.5||+2.4|
|Socialist Alliance||David Bartlett||427||1.2||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Anne Savoury||367||1.0||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s 
|General Election 1997: Cardiff South and Penarth|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||22,647||53.4|
|Conservative||Mrs. Caroline E. Roberts||8,786||20.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon J. Wakefield||3,964||9.3|
|New Labour||John Foreman||3,942||9.3|
|Plaid Cymru||David B. L. Haswell||1,356||3.2|
|Referendum Party||Phillip S. E. Morgan||1,211||2.9|
|Socialist Alternative||Mike K. Shepherd||344||0.8|
|Natural Law||Mrs. Barbara Caves||170||0.4|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|General Election 1992: Cardiff South and Penarth|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||26,383||55.5||+8.8|
|Conservative||Thomas Hunter Jarvie||15,958||33.6||−2.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter K. Verma||3,707||7.8||−7.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Miss Barbara A. Anglezarke||776||1.6||+0.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+5.9|
Elections in the 1980s 
|General Election 1987: Cardiff South and Penarth|
|Labour Co-op||Alun Michael||20,956||46.7||+5.4|
|Plaid Cymru||S. Edwards||599||1.3||−0.3|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|General Election 1983: Cardiff South and Penarth|
|Plaid Cymru||Miss S.A. Edwards||673||1.6||N/A|
|Freedom from World Domination||B.T. Lewis||165||0.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
See also 
- Cardiff South and Penarth (Assembly constituency)
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in South Glamorgan
Notes and references 
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- David Ottewell, "Labour candidates barred from using red rose emblem", Manchester Evening News, 21 April 2010.
- Penarth Times, 27 May 2010.
- A notional calculation using estimated 2005 results for the boundary-changed constituency. "Cardiff South and Penarth". BBC News online. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Cardiff South and Penarth Cardiff County Council - candidates Cardiff South and Penarth
- BBC Election Results BBC News - Election Results - Cardiff South and Penarth
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1987. Politics Resources. 11 June 1987. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1983. Politics Resources. 9 June 1983. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- "Results: Cardiff South & Penarth". BBC NEWS: Election 2005. BBC News. 2005-05-06. Retrieved 2006-05-25.
- "News Release - South Glamorgan" (PDF). Boundary Commission for Wales. 2004-11-10. Retrieved 2006-05-25.
- "Aristotle: Cardiff South and Penarth". Guardian Unlimited. 2004-05-08. Retrieved 2006-05-25.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Constituency represented by the Father of the House