Neuraminidase inhibitor

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Neuraminidase inhibitors are a class of antiviral drugs targeted at the influenza virus, which work by blocking the function of the viral neuraminidase protein, thus preventing the virus from reproducing by budding from the host cell.

Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) a prodrug, Zanamivir (Relenza), Laninamivir (Inavir), and Peramivir belong to this class. Unlike the M2 inhibitors, which work only against the influenza A, neuraminidase inhibitors act against both influenza A and influenza B.

Common side effects include nausea and vomiting.

Specific inhibitors[edit]

See also[edit]

External resources[edit]


  1. ^ Swaminathan K, Dyason JC, Maggioni A, von Itzstein M, Downard KM (2013). "Binding of a natural anthocyanin inhibitor to influenza neuraminidase by mass spectrometry". Anal Bioanal Chem. 405 (20): 6563–72. doi:10.1007/s00216-013-7068-x. PMID 23748498.