Oconto, Wisconsin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city. For the adjacent town, see Oconto (town), Wisconsin.
Oconto
City
Oconto is located in Wisconsin
Oconto
Oconto
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 44°53′N 87°52′W / 44.883°N 87.867°W / 44.883; -87.867Coordinates: 44°53′N 87°52′W / 44.883°N 87.867°W / 44.883; -87.867
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Oconto
Government
 • Mayor Victoria Bostedt
 • Administrator/Clerk/Treasurer Sara Perrizo
Area[1]
 • Total 7.38 sq mi (19.11 km2)
 • Land 6.86 sq mi (17.77 km2)
 • Water 0.52 sq mi (1.35 km2)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,513
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 4,506
 • Density 657.9/sq mi (254.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 54153
Area code(s) 920
Website Official website
Welcome signs on U.S. Route 41
Looking north at the eastern terminus of Wisconsin Highway 22 at U.S. Route 41 in Oconto

Oconto is a city in Oconto County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 4,513 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Green Bay Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is located partially within the town of Oconto.

History[edit]

Oconto is home to Copper Culture State Park, which has remains dated to around 5000-6000 B.C. It is a burial ground of the Copper Culture Indians. This burial ground is considered to be the oldest cemetery in Wisconsin and one of the oldest in the nation.

The French Jesuit, Roman Catholic priest, and missionary, Father Claude-Jean Allouez said the first Mass in Oconto on December 3, 1669.[4]

The city of Oconto was incorporated in 1869.[5]

The first church in the world built for the Christian Science Church was erected in 1886 in Oconto and still stands at the corner of Main Street and Chicago Street. The land was donated by Henry (1837–1904) and Victoria Sargent (1848–1930).[6][7][8][9]

Geography[edit]

Oconto is located at 44°53′N 87°52′W / 44.883°N 87.867°W / 44.883; -87.867 (44.8877, -87.8704).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.38 square miles (19.11 km2), of which, 6.86 square miles (17.77 km2) is land and 0.52 square miles (1.35 km2) is water.[1]

Oconto is located at the mouth of the Oconto River, which feeds into Lake Michigan.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 4,646
1910 5,629 21.2%
1920 4,920 −12.6%
1930 5,030 2.2%
1940 5,362 6.6%
1950 5,055 −5.7%
1960 4,805 −4.9%
1970 4,667 −2.9%
1980 4,505 −3.5%
1990 4,474 −0.7%
2000 4,708 5.2%
2010 4,513 −4.1%

The table at right with historical census data[11] indicates that the population has remained relatively flat throughout the 20th century.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,513 people, 1,872 households, and 1,172 families residing in the city. The population density was 657.9 inhabitants per square mile (254.0 /km2). There were 2,094 housing units at an average density of 305.2 per square mile (117.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.7% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 1,872 households of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.4% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.5% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 4,708 people, 1,870 households, and 1,221 families residing in the city. The population density was 683.7 people per square mile (263.8/km²). There were 2,040 housing units at an average density of 296.2 per square mile (114.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.79% White, 0.02% Black or African American, 0.85% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,870 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,589, and the median income for a family was $43,676. Males had a median income of $27,455 versus $22,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,717. About 5.2% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The following schools are available in Oconto:[13]

  • Oconto Elementary School
  • Oconto Literacy Charter School
  • Oconto Middle School
  • Oconto High School

Transportation[edit]

Notable businesses[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  4. ^ Hall, George E. 2009. A History of Oconto. 2nd ed., edited by Duane Ebert and Pamela Ann Loberger. Oconto, WI: Oconto County Historical Society, p. 33.
  5. ^ City-Data.com: Oconto, Wisconsin. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
  6. ^ Nichols, Diane et al. No date. West Main Street Historic District Oconto, Wisconsin (brochure). Oconto, WI: Oconto County Historical Society, p. 6.
  7. ^ Hall, George E. 2009. A History of Oconto. 2nd ed., edited by Duane Ebert and Pamela Ann Loberger. Oconto, WI: Oconto County Historical Society, p. 130.
  8. ^ Chiat, Marilyn Joyce Segal. 1997. America's Religious Architecture: Sacred Places for Every Community. New York: John Wiley, p. 133.
  9. ^ Cather, Willa & Georgine Milmine. 1909. The Life of Mary Baker G. Eddy and the History of Christian Science. New York: Doubleday, p. 364.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ City of Oconto Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan, Population Trends Table 2A and WDOA Population Projections Table 2B.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ City-Data.com: Schools in Oconto, Wisconsin. Retrieved 2010-08-03.

External links[edit]